American Bullies are very often confused with American Pit Bull Terriers, which is not surprising – the breeds are very similar in appearance. There is a widespread assumption that the first breed was bred by breeders with the direct participation of the second. True or not, it does not really matter – the American Bully is still unfairly ranked among the “aggressive fighting dogs”, while in fact these animals have an incredibly meek character and loyalty to humans.
The content of the article:
- 1. History of the American Bully breed
- 2. Dog character
- 3. Bully FCI Breed Standard
- 4. American Bully: breed characteristics
- 5. Types of dogs
- 6. Proper parenting and training of American Bully
- 7. Care and maintenance
- 8. Puppy cost
- 9. List of nurseries in Russia
- 10. Photos of American Bully
- 11. American bully videos
History of the American Bully breed
Despite the fact that the representatives of the breed look like typical fighting dogs, whose ancestors were bred in the 19-20 centuries to participate in dog fights, American bulls are very “young”. The breed was bred only in the 1990s – not even 30 years have passed. Particularly noteworthy are the goals for which the breed was bred – the creation of a companion dog of an almost ideal sample.
American bullies are called such for a reason. The homeland of dogs is the USA, and specifically the states of Virginia and California. The Bulli breed was purely American for a very short time, quickly spreading throughout the world. Russians don’t breed these dogs very often, but they are very popular in the rest of Eurasia..
American Bulls are exceptionally good-natured dogs, bred exclusively as companion animals. For such breeds, a good-natured disposition, devotion, lack of aggression and an internal “barrier” to harm humans are required.
American bulls are highly recommended for families with children – dogs of this breed are sensitive to children and will become their loyal protectors and “companions in growth.” The ideal solution would be to take the kid a bullie puppy – this sociable and agile dog is easy to train, enjoying the commands.
When starting a puppy who has an American Bully breed, you should understand that socialization is extremely important for him. Owners should spend as much time with the puppy as possible and an approach that would work with a melancholic breed will not work. Owners, children, strangers and other dogs – for both a puppy and an adult American Bulli dog, it will be very interesting and important for development.
Bully FCI Breed Standard
The American Bully breed is not yet recognized by the international classification FCI – Federation Cynologique Internationale, but has standards for weight, height at the withers and color from UKC (United Kennel Club). In order to participate in exhibitions or engage in breeding, you must have a dog that meets these standards.
American Bully: breed characteristics
For show dogs (and just to define a healthy, complete animal) there are certain standards of appearance. For males and bitches, they are slightly different, since sexual dimorphism in the breed is moderately expressed, but clearly.
Disqualification of a dog is possible only in cases of serious deviation from the breed characteristics adopted by the organization, injuries that prevent the animal from being fully physically active, or illness.
It is by the head that the bull is most often distinguished – this is the breed standard of paramount importance. Like similar breeds (Bull Terrier and Staffordshire Terrier), the head is large, powerful, with strong jaws. The head should not be disproportionate to the rest of the body, not have wrinkles on the cheeks. The flews fit snugly to the jaws as standard, not soggy or saggy.
The muzzle of the American bull should be no more than 35% of the total head length (it is necessary to finish measurements on the back of the dog’s head), straight. If you look closely at these characteristics, you will notice that the breed is strikingly different from those with whom it is usually confused..
The neck corresponds to the head – powerful, of medium length, slightly curved upwards. A thin or overly long neck indicates disease or improper breeding.
Small external features:
- the eyes, according to the standard, should not be low-set, be with a pronounced third eyelid, and also not be blue or blue;
- ears can be cropped at the discretion of the owner – this is not necessary, but you must choose one thing (a dog with incorrectly cropped ears, that is, half-erect, is considered non-standard).
The body is wide, stable and muscular. A dog of medium height with well-developed muscles and a powerful chest, neck – the classic standard of the American bull. Nevertheless, there should be no bends with the width and depth of the chest – an animal with such developmental anomalies loses dexterity and mobility.
The slope of the croup goes from the withers to the tail, it is insignificant and visible only in profile – in general, the line of the croup should be straight. The correct height of the dog is easy to check – you need to measure the distance in centimeters from the withers to the elbow, and then from the elbow to the fingers. If the indicators coincide, the bully meets the standards (slight downward deviations are acceptable).
The size of the American Bully can be described as medium – the dogs seem large due to the developed muscles and wide chest. In fact, the breed cannot be called a large dog..
Thanks to the limbs, the bulls can keep their balance so well and “carry” their body with a significant advantage in the front part. It is not surprising that the standards clearly indicate their parameters – an American bully with defective legs will not be able not only to exhibit, but will also experience significant difficulties in their daily life.
What exactly should not be is the dystrophic structure of the hind limb girdle. The loin of the bull is strong and deep set, the hind legs are powerful and muscular. The arch of the hock is well defined and the legs are straight from the rear view.
Front feet are straight, well set and do not “spread apart”.
The coat of the American bull is exceptionally smooth and there can be no exceptions. A dog with a pronounced undercoat, wavy coat and other similar deviations cannot be considered standard. A healthy sheen of the coat, uniformity is required, and the dog should also be smooth to the touch.
With a deeper analysis of the coat, it should be rough and equal on all parts of the dog’s body. Curly coat is a serious reason for disqualification, but not like long coat.
In principle, any critical non-compliance with the standards adopted by the organization can be considered a defect. In especially severe cases (or if there are several discrepancies), the dog will not be allowed to compete at all and other events where the breed qualities of dogs are assessed.
Critical Vices for American Bully:
- Disproportionate head (too large or small).
- Weak, narrow or short muzzle, weak jaws and drooping flews.
- Short and upturned muzzle, wrinkles.
- Crooked, poorly set feet (front and back).
- Weak hindquarters – thin, devoid of musculature.
- Too wide chest.
- Too tall or too short.
All of the above will definitely prevent the dog from taking prizes or near-prize places, but if there are other qualities that are suitable for the breed standard, it will be admitted to the competition (depending on the level of the event). Complete disqualification is guaranteed by the following points:
- color like “merle”;
- cryptochism in males of any type;
- long wool;
- unequivocal dwarfism;
- wide non-standard ears “spread out” (the dog cannot bring them up);
- the opposite of aggressive behavior – shyness and stupor.
The latter characteristics relate to the behavior of the dog and are no less important than external factors – socialization for American bulls is strictly mandatory.
Height and weight of American bully
The breeder’s task when choosing a breed was to create a dog that, with all its companionable skills, looks impressive and can scare off the owner’s offender with its appearance. These pets cannot be called giants, but the weight (especially in males) can be compared with the weight of a child or a fragile woman. Thus, the bulls fall into the middle weight category adjacent to the heavy one.
The growth of dogs does not exceed half a meter – all the weight is placed in the developed musculature of the animal. At exhibitions and other events where the quality of a dog is assessed, it is not so much height and weight that are important separately, but the correct ratio of height and weight. This directly depends on the coordination of the bully in space, his mobility and future state of health.
American Bully: Weight and Height:
- Males – from 30 to 58 kg; 43-52 cm;
- Bitches – from 30 to 40 kg; 40-48 cm;
There are many defects associated with growth, upon detection of which the dog is automatically disqualified – for example, dwarfism, which is a common mutation, in contrast to abnormally long legs for the breed..
American bully colors
Merle is banned for bully for a reason. The fact is that this color appears as a result of a genetic mutation – the pigment spreads unevenly, as a result of which these spots appear, which many non-professional dog breeders consider to be the external advantage of the animal. It has been established that the genetic processes of color formation are directly related to similar processes of the formation of the psyche. Mental problems for a dog with such strong jaws and body weight are unacceptable, even in theory, as people and other dogs can be hurt.
- Black bully. Such dogs look very impressive – it’s hard to argue with that. The combination of a jet-black coat with the typical bright and expressive eyes of the breed attracts many owners. The dog does not have to be completely black – typical white blotches on the chest and legs of different sizes are allowed.
- Blue bully. Canine taxonomy blue is a special shade of gray that is difficult to mislead with any other. Blue bulls look very regal and aristocratic, the color of the coat shines in the sun and the pet seems to “shine” under its rays – that is why there is such a demand for blue puppies. White spots on the chest and legs are also acceptable.
- Bully “tricolor”. Unusual color, popular along with the classic options presented above. The tricolor looks very original and unusual – in dogs of this color, three colors are combined in different proportions. White and fawn are required, and the third color can be either black or blue. Bulls of this color are less similar to each other and can appear in different variations – a good place to choose.
These colors are ideal for companion dogs and are familiar to the human eye. Bully owners are not driven into a rigid framework of standards and have a good palette of preferred colors to choose from. Bully albinos are also sold for connoisseurs, but such a dog will not be able to participate in competitions, not to mention the mass of potential problems that the lack of pigment in the animal “promises” – for example, a high probability of allergic reactions.
Types of dogs
Not all American bulls are created equal – considering the needs of modern dog breeders, breeders have developed several types of bulls. This is a normal practice, since now not everyone who wants to keep such a pet can keep a large dog.
Variation in height within the same breed is a generally accepted norm, due to which there are fewer and fewer barriers for those wishing to become the owner of the bull.
Types of American Bully:
- Pocket. As the name implies (pocket from English “pocket”) these are the smallest representatives of the breed. You can keep such a bully in any conditions (of course, in compliance with everything necessary for a dog). Pockets do not require as much physical activity as larger bully options, take up less space, so they can be kept in apartments without fear.
- Standard. You can also understand from the name that this type is preferred by most dog breeders. Most likely, if you search for “American Bully”, you will find pictures of “standards”. As a rule, the ideal ratio of height and weight is observed here – no kinks in both directions. The standard is suitable for people who generally like the appearance of the dog, but excessive muscularity deters.
- Classic. The type differs from the “standard” by a slightly higher stature and a generally more even posture. The typical bully’s squat gait is less pronounced, the muzzle is drier and smoother. The weight of the classics is more evenly distributed throughout the body, so such dogs are suitable for those who want a bully, as little as possible like a bulldog.
- Excel (XL). The Excel bull is the tallest and most impressive dog of the entire breed line. The weight of such an animal can be comparable to that of a thin person or a grown-up child, and the appearance is quite impressive and even threatening. The size of the dog does not in any way affect its character and other mental characteristics, but for those who would like a clear defender for themselves, scaring away all unfriendly passers-by, XL is ideal.
- Extreme. Not everyone agrees that extreme bullies still fit breed standards, as their physique is close to disqualification. The peculiarity of such dogs is very developed musculature with more or less standard growth rates. With this ratio of parameters, the bull looks very squat, its legs are widely spaced. For many, this type of pet is not suitable for aesthetic reasons..
The main criteria for selection:
- living space owned by the owner;
- the presence of very young children in the family (the baby can harm the puppy);
- aesthetic preferences;
- claims for participation in exhibitions or their absence;
- other pets in the family.
But the main criterion should always be a personal feeling of attachment to a particular type of dog – to choose an animal that will subsequently live with you a significant segment of your life, you should only with your heart (of course, provided that the dog will be provided with all the conditions necessary for a healthy and happy life ).
Proper parenting and training of American Bully
Training a bull for the needs of the average dog owner is not much different from training other dogs, which also perform exclusively as pets. You will need to learn a set of standard commands with the dog, undergo concentration training and exclude any rudiments of aggression towards other animals, and even more so towards people.
It is also worth considering that males of the breed express more “amateurism” than females. Owners of bull bulls should be more attentive to their pets and establish the correct hierarchy in the home pack as early as possible. If the development of obedience and other positive qualities in a dog is critical, it is better to turn to a dog handler for help in a basic training course..
American Bully Training
For an owner who is directly interested in bull training, it will be a little more difficult with the freedom-loving temperament of these dogs. If the authority of the owner is not established in time, only a course with a dog handler can correct the wayward strong man.
To achieve an ideal result, you should also contact a specialist with a puppy. Contrary to popular myth, a dog handler exists not only to correct dogs that make mistakes in their behavior – the specialist also works with very young dogs. A timely visit to the dog training area will keep the psyche of the animal healthy, as well as the relationship between the pet and the owner.
As for the rest, there will be no problems with bully training – these dogs are smart enough and happily support the game, under the pretext of which you can develop all the skills the owner needs in it. The main thing is to be persistent and set your own rules without using violence, which applies to any dog..
Care and maintenance
The main points to which the owner needs to pay attention in this regard now completely depend on the needs of the dog. These are temperature conditions, diet and norms of physical activity. By following these simple rules, your dog can be kept healthy and happy without any special effort.
Bullies are smooth-haired breeds, which means they do not resist cold well. If you live in a region with long and “angry” winters, get your dog a special blanket. It is also undesirable for the bull to get wet often, therefore it is better to avoid walking in the rain and frequent bathing (no more than once a month).
It is the owner’s direct responsibility to monitor the health of his pet. Even if the pet looks healthy and happy, this does not relieve the owner of the need to periodically examine the dog – superficially, but carefully.
The most sensitive place is the ears. In no case should you wipe them every time, disrupting the natural processes of the body and exposing the animal to a potential threat of infection – it is enough to inspect for edema, extraneous liquids, discoloration. Ears should only be cleaned as needed, when they become so dirty that the dirt becomes visible to the eye.
A short coat is not at all a reason to refuse combing. This is beneficial primarily to the owner, since the bully will look pleasant, shining and glossy, and will also shed less noticeably in the season. A stiff short-haired brush (especially for dogs) is sufficient for complete grooming.
Feeding and activity
Choosing between natural food and specially balanced food mixtures is always difficult for the owner. Both methods of feeding a pet have both advantages and disadvantages. For example, food for a tall male dog can come out in a lump sum, but with natural food for a dog it is easy to make a mistake (dosage, ratio, temperature). It is difficult to wean a dog from dry food, but feeding it does not require any effort from the owner and cleaning after.
Bully can be given:
- cereals (other than legumes) – preferably rice, buckwheat or wheat porridge;
- boiled dietary meat, lightly salted (chicken and fish are undesirable);
- meat offal;
- vegetables in the form of an additive to the main porridge;
- occasionally supplements in the form of dairy products (no more than a couple of times a week).
Vitamin supplements should also be included in the pet’s diet – they are sold in the form of tablets and powders in pet stores. They are needed in order to strengthen bones and keep the dog energetic. Also, do not forget about dental hygiene – dog handlers recommend brushing your pet’s teeth with a special brush and paste, but you can get by with special toys and bones from veins.
It is advisable to walk with an adult bully from an hour to an hour and a half, although he can easily withstand a race for 3-4 hours. Remember that your dog does not have very long legs and can be out of breath if overweight.
The cost of the American Bully (price for a puppy) in Russia depends on the prestige of the kennel, the parents of the puppy and the services that the breeder offers “along with the puppy” – basic vaccinations and education, for example.
Sometimes a price is offered for the bully, which does not at all correspond to the breed. Such understatement can occur if the breeder is trying to sell the droppings from an accidental or simply unsuccessful mating. Most likely, such a dog will have significant and not very defects, often external. If this does not bother you, you can safely take such a puppy (it is very desirable only after a veterinarian examination).
On average, a purebred American Bully puppy will cost from 100 to 200 thousand rubles. Litter from champions can cost up to 300 thousand rubles. Kids without documents or with minor defects can be purchased cheaper – for 80 or even 50 thousand rubles.
List of nurseries in Russia
The American Bully is not the most popular breed in the Russian Federation, if only because it is very young. Not everyone can see the difference between bullies and staffords, pit bulls. However, in Russia you can find several kennels that work and distribute puppies according to international standards..
Photos of American Bully