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History of the Basset Hound breed (Origin)
Theories and hypotheses for the development of this amazing breed of dog are different. Its name is formed from two words derived from the French “bas” – low and English “hound” – a hound. Most researchers are inclined to believe that the short-legged basset hounds are descended from artesian-Norman French hounds: “… They are very beautiful, good growth, have a cheerful appearance and generally give great pleasure.”
By the middle of the XIV century, the sign of short legs and long body was fixed and became hereditary. The appearance of the Bassets did not cause surprise or controversy, since the dogs were mainly used for underground hunting. In the 17th and 18th centuries they were “retrained” as rabbit hunters.
The Englishman Snapshot in his work on the Basset, written in the last century, says: “… They are divided into bow-legged, half-bow-legged and straight-legged … the most thoroughbred of all bow-legged Bassets, which require more careful selection, since the admixture immediately affects the legs. When such a basset is running, he literally drags his long ears along the ground. Short-legged ones are distinguished by independence in search, and if one of them finds a track, then the others do not rush after the one who has driven. In general, everyone works by himself and chases his beast, not paying attention on others…”
“… Modern Bassetts can hardly be called the descendants of dogs of the same breed of the times of du Fuliu and Celincourt (XIV century) and descended relatively recently from ordinary hounds, which had ugly limbs due to the English disease. Shortening of the hind limbs and curvature of the front in young dogs is observed not very rare … ”
Until the 60s of the last century, basset hounds were rare and had no established signs. Count Lecute and Mr. Lan turned their attention to them. The types of dogs that they managed to create are now called “Basset Lekute” and “Basset Lana”. Count Lekute preferred small dogs with straight or slightly curved limbs, and Mr. Lan preferred massive, large, bow-legged with large heads and long ears..
Bassetts Lecourt and Lana appeared in England in 1863, but the official mention of the import of French representatives of this breed to England in 1866, when Lord Galway received a magnificent pair of Belly and Bassett. They gave the legendary Basset Hound Belman. Around 1874 Sir Ivereith received from the French kennel “Conte de Couter” an excellent male Model, who became the ancestor of the oldest English line of Basset Hounds. Champions emerged from it – Faino, Termino, Proctor and others.
“… However, the British, following their habit of enhancing the typical characteristics of the breed, did not confine themselves to mixing two varieties (Basset Lecute and Lana), but began to add the blood of English Blundhounds to the French Bassets … In his report on the 1894 Kennel Club exhibition, Millays directly speaks about the Basset descendants (grandchildren) of the champion of the Blundhound Cromwell. Thus, the British developed their own, special, peculiar type of Basset …
The specialized “Basset-Club” founded in England in 1883 developed and adopted the Basset standard. Acquaintance with him proves that, in fact, the English Basset Blundhound on short legs, with its typical head, long ears and wrinkled skin, bears a rather distant resemblance to its relative, the Basset Hound Lekure. And the amount of blood Basset Lana is so insignificant that there is nothing to talk about. “Following this development, we can conclude that the Basset Hound breed owes its appearance to English breeders and has the right to be called English. It is not surprising that the interest of the cynological community is most manifested in the results the work of British breeders.
Basset Hound breed description
Basset hounds are always ready to play with the owner, especially in the fresh air. They love to walk. Since hunting skills have not been lost by modern representatives of the breed, you can take Bassets with you to the forest: they perfectly catch odors and are indispensable for hunting. [/color-box]
Perhaps the most important thing in the character of a Basset Hound is his gentleness and good nature. He instantly becomes a full member of the family. His obedience and readiness to follow the master’s commands greatly facilitate the training process. Basset Hounds love to play with children. They do not show aggression towards strangers or other dogs. It is impossible to see a basset chasing a cat or any other small animal. The attention of the owner is very important for Basset Hounds, whose peace they are ready to protect from anyone. The latter quality allows the Basset to be used as watchmen.
It happens that basset hounds are quite difficult to learn skills. Excessive barking is characteristic of these dogs. When the Basset Hnund are left alone for a long time, they start howling. If the room in which the basset is located is not closed, then, without hesitation, it can escape – due to the dormant hunting instincts in us, prompting us to explore everything new and unfamiliar. The owner who forgets to consistently and systematically work with the dog runs the risk that his bassette may stop obeying commands without question. Refusing to obey, basset hounds often run in circles around the owner.
Compared to other breeds, the Basset Hound is a fairly healthy breed, but there are several diseases to which they are prone. Many dogs of this breed are genetically susceptible to the development of glaucoma and ectropia (“Cherry Eye”).
Older Basset Hounds may be overtaken by von Willebrand disease. Long dogs with short legs often have back pain, especially if they are already overweight.
Volvulus. A life-threatening condition for the dog. Hip dysplasia is also a problem for this breed. It should also be remembered that due to short legs it is difficult for him to walk up stairs..
Estimated price for Basset Hound
Basset hound puppy price from 15,000 to 25,000 rubles.
List of nurseries
- From the blueberry paradise of Velikiye Luki – dora-ray.narod.ru/buy_puppy.html
- My affectionate and gentle animal in Kiev – basset-hound.com.ua/ru
- Baltic Show, St. Petersburg – pitomez.ru/ru/club/show/2313/
Basset Hound Photos