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History of the Basset Hound breed (Origin)
Theories and hypotheses for the development of this amazing breed of dog are different. Its name is formed from two words derived from the French “bas” – low and English “hound” – a hound. Most researchers are inclined to believe that the short-legged basset hounds are descended from artesian-Norman French hounds: “… They are very beautiful, good growth, have a cheerful appearance and generally give great pleasure.”
By the middle of the XIV century, the sign of short legs and long body was fixed and became hereditary. The appearance of the Bassets did not cause surprise or controversy, since the dogs were mainly used for underground hunting. In the 17th and 18th centuries they were “retrained” as rabbit hunters.
The Englishman Snapshot in his work on the Basset, written in the last century, says: “… They are divided into bow-legged, half-bow-legged and straight-legged … the most thoroughbred of all bow-legged Bassets, which require more careful selection, since the admixture immediately affects the legs. When such a basset is running, he literally drags his long ears along the ground. Short-legged ones are distinguished by independence in search, and if one of them finds a track, then the others do not rush after the one who has driven. In general, everyone works by himself and chases his beast, not paying attention on others…”
“… Modern Bassetts can hardly be called the descendants of dogs of the same breed of the times of du Fuliu and Celincourt (XIV century) and descended relatively recently from ordinary hounds, which had ugly limbs due to the English disease. Shortening of the hind limbs and curvature of the front in young dogs is observed not very rare … ”
Until the 60s of the last century, basset hounds were rare and had no established signs. Count Lecute and Mr. Lan turned their attention to them. The types of dogs that they managed to create are now called “Basset Lekute” and “Basset Lana”. Count Lekute preferred small dogs with straight or slightly curved limbs, and Mr. Lan preferred massive, large, bow-legged with large heads and long ears..
Bassetts Lecourt and Lana appeared in England in 1863, but the official mention of the import of French representatives of this breed to England in 1866, when Lord Galway received a magnificent pair of Belly and Bassett. They gave the legendary Basset Hound Belman. Around 1874 Sir Ivereith received from the French kennel “Conte de Couter” an excellent male Model, who became the ancestor of the oldest English line of Basset Hounds. Champions emerged from it – Faino, Termino, Proctor and others.
“… However, the British, following their habit of enhancing the typical characteristics of the breed, did not confine themselves to mixing two varieties (Basset Lecute and Lana), but began to add the blood of English Blundhounds to the French Bassets … In his report on the 1894 Kennel Club exhibition, Millays directly speaks about the Basset descendants (grandchildren) of the champion of the Blundhound Cromwell. Thus, the British developed their own, special, peculiar type of Basset …
The specialized “Basset-Club” founded in England in 1883 developed and adopted the Basset standard. Acquaintance with him proves that, in fact, the English Basset Blundhound on short legs, with its typical head, long ears and wrinkled skin, bears a rather distant resemblance to its relative, the Basset Hound Lekure. And the amount of blood Basset Lana is so insignificant that there is nothing to talk about. “Following this development, we can conclude that the Basset Hound breed owes its appearance to English breeders and has the right to be called English. It is not surprising that the interest of the cynological community is most manifested in the results the work of British breeders.
Basset Hound breed description
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The Basset Hound is a stocky, short-legged breed of hound. These are dogs following the trail, they have a great sense of smell. The name Bassett comes from the French word “bas” meaning “low” or “dwarf”.
They are stocky dogs, with short, thick legs and a long body that is not very proportional to them. They have a sleek, short coat and tricolor (black, red and white), red and white, or lemon and white, although less common..
Constitution type. Strong, with elements of dampness. The skeleton is massive, the musculature is well-developed and relief. The skin is elastic, loose, in folds on the head and limbs, which allows the dog to work freely in the thorny bush.
Disadvantages. Some lightness or roughness of addition; poorly developed muscles; insufficiently pronounced folds of skin on the head and limbs.
Vices. Lightness, coarseness or dryness of constitution, obesity,
Height and weight. The ideal height at the withers is 33-38 cm. The average weight is 18-27 kg.
Vices. Height below 33 or above 38 cm.
Suit. Two-color – white-lemon-yellow, tricolor – white-black-tan and various combinations of these colors with a pattern typical for all hounds.
Vices. Single color suit.
Head. Large, in proportion to the body, of medium width, flat on the sides. The skin is loose, when the head is tilted, it gathers in deep folds to the superciliary arches, like a hood falling over the eyes. The skull is domed, with a distinctly prominent occipital protuberance, rather long than wide, slightly shorter than half the length of the head. Cheekbones and cheeks not protruding. The lines of the muzzle and skull are almost parallel. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is moderate. The muzzle is long (slightly more than half the length of the head), deep, heavy, strong, slightly tapering to a large black nose with well-open nostrils, but not pointed. The lips are dark, damp, the upper lip overlaps the lower, forming large flews. The jaws are strong, moderately wide and deep, strong, with a fairly wide, but not prominent chin.
Disadvantages. Dryish, lightish, somewhat rough head; wide, flat skull; insufficient loose skin on the head; brown nose; dry lips. Vices. The same deviations, but expressed in a sharper form; liver-colored nose.
Ears. Very long (pulled forward, they freely close behind the nose) – when on foot, a basset hound can even step on them. They are set low (below the line of the eyes), attached far at the base of the skull (when the dog is in a calm state, it seems that the ears are set on the neck), hang down in loose soft folds (curls) and are covered with mole hair, velvety to the touch. Disadvantages. Ears are short, set on the line of the eyes. Vices. Ears set high, flat, short.
Eyes. Large, oval, with drawn lower eyelids, dark brown, not convex, but not too deeply sunken, with a noticeable third eyelid. At rest, the expression is soft, sad, in tears, and when excited, fiery and self-confident. Disadvantages. Light-colored, smallish eyes. Vices. Light-colored, large, or porky, with dry lower eyelids.
Teeth. Large, white, included. The incisors are in line. Scissor bite. Disadvantages. Smallish teeth worn out of age; initial manifestations of caries; incisors not in a straight line. Vices. Rare, small, carious teeth; the presence of broken incisors, if this interferes with the determination of the correct bite; any deviation from the scissor bite, lack of teeth, misalignment of the lower jaw.
Neck. Powerful, muscular, rather long, with a beautiful and strong nape and pronounced dewlap. Disadvantages. Dryish, lightish and rather weak or short and somewhat loaded neck. Vices. The same deviations, but expressed in a sharper form.
Withers. Well defined, goes into a straight topline. The shoulder blades are long, muscular, wide, set obliquely, close to the back. Vices. Withers too long or short, narrow, weak or loaded; loose, sheer or sharp shoulder blades.
Back. Straight, long, rather broad, strong and well muscled. Disadvantages. Softish, slightly arched, narrowish, rather weak back. Vices. The same deviations, but expressed in a sharper form.
Small of the back. Slightly arched, strong, muscular, deep. Disadvantages. Weak loin. Vices. Too long or too short, shallow, narrow, weak, sagging loins or tops.
Block. Long, oval in section, deep (2/3 of the dog’s height at the withers) and wide. Falcon of the chest protrudes beyond the line of the shoulder joints with depressions on the sides. Ribs are convex, long, directed backwards. Disadvantages. A short, narrowish, smallish, slightly open block. Vices. Short, breamy, shallow, sunken, barrel-shaped, chicken breast.
Stomach. Slightly tucked up. Disadvantages. Tucked up or straight belly.
Vices. A drooping or lean belly.
Front limbs. Short (one third of the dog’s height at the withers), strong, muscular, with a strong bone. The shoulders are strong, set obliquely, the elbows are close to the chest, directed back and located directly under the withers. The forearms are straight, although a slight S-shaped curvature is allowed, vertical. The wrist joints are somewhat close together, strong, the paws are small. The loose skin forms light folds between the wrist and the paw. Disadvantages. Slight deviations from the specified set and slightly twisted elbows, rather weak pasterns.
Vices. High legs, weak bones and muscles, steep or oblique shoulders, free elbows, very close wrists, weak pasterns, with a significant deviation from the vertical set, dry, tightly stretched skin.
Hind limbs. Strong, muscular, powerful, seen from behind straight, parallel to each other, with well-angulated knee and hock; in a natural stance – slightly placed under the body. The thighs are strong, rounded, the lower legs are short, the hocks are lowered low. Grooves are strong, short, slightly sloping. Above the hocks, between them and above the feet, loose skin folds. Disadvantages. Slight deviations from the specified set; dewclaws; insufficiently pronounced skin folds.
Vices. Right angles of joints, narrow, too wide, barrel-shaped, cow-like or saber-set; poorly developed muscles; straight or vysokoost; dry, tightly stretched skin.
Paws. Round, massive, very heavy, with strong pads and claws. The front ones are small, slightly larger than the rear ones. The fingers are not too tightly clenched, but also not loose. The hind legs are directed straight forward. Disadvantages. Weak, straight forefeet. Vices. Long, flat, loose legs; sweeping or clubfoot.
Basset hounds are docile and contact breeds. They are friendly towards other dogs and children. Due to their hunting roots, Basset Hounds love to sniff and stalk. Basset hound can be so carried away by this activity that he will not notice how lost. He is slow and stubborn. Can bark very loudly, especially when carried away. Bassets are very curious and love to be around people. When the Basset Hound is left alone, he begins to eat and sleep a lot.
The temperament is balanced, calm, mobile. The character is friendly, loyal, affable, although persistent. Bassett does not tolerate loneliness. Disadvantages. Lethargy, nervousness. Vices. Malice, timidity, cowardice.
Movement. Free, rhythmic, unhurried, powerful, effortless. The movements of the front and hind limbs are perfectly coordinated, rectilinear. The knee and hock joints are free to move. Claws should not cling to the ground.
Disadvantages. Deviations from rectilinear limb movements; several related movements. Vices. Tied, heavy, discoordinated movements.
Care and training of Basset Hound
Basset hounds tend to shed quite hard, but do not require frequent brushing. They are “wet” dogs and can salivate. Therefore, they need regular care of the skin around the mouth and folds. Since Basset Hounds often overeat, their diet needs to be regulated to keep them from getting fat.
Large ears are prone to infection if not cleaned regularly. A drooping belly and massive paws bring home a lot of dirt, unfortunately for many owners. Basset hound is not easy to teach to go to the toilet on the street. Regular brushing and ear and eye care are essential.
Perhaps the most important thing in the character of a Basset Hound is his gentleness and good nature. He instantly becomes a full member of the family. His obedience and readiness to follow the master’s commands greatly facilitate the training process. Basset Hounds love to play with children. They do not show aggression towards strangers or other dogs. It is impossible to see a basset chasing a cat or any other small animal. The attention of the owner is very important for Basset Hounds, whose peace they are ready to protect from anyone. The latter quality allows the Basset to be used as watchmen.
It happens that basset hounds are quite difficult to learn skills. Excessive barking is characteristic of these dogs. When the Basset Hnund are left alone for a long time, they start howling. If the room in which the basset is located is not closed, then, without hesitation, it can escape – due to the dormant hunting instincts in us, prompting us to explore everything new and unfamiliar. The owner who forgets to consistently and systematically work with the dog runs the risk that his bassette may stop obeying commands without question. Refusing to obey, basset hounds often run in circles around the owner.
Compared to other breeds, the Basset Hound is a fairly healthy breed, but there are several diseases to which they are prone. Many dogs of this breed are genetically susceptible to the development of glaucoma and ectropia (“Cherry Eye”).
Older Basset Hounds may be overtaken by von Willebrand disease. Long dogs with short legs often have back pain, especially if they are already overweight.
Volvulus. A life-threatening condition for the dog. Hip dysplasia is also a problem for this breed. It should also be remembered that due to short legs it is difficult for him to walk up stairs..
Estimated price for Basset Hound
Basset hound puppy price from 15,000 to 25,000 rubles.
List of nurseries
- From the blueberry paradise of Velikiye Luki – dora-ray.narod.ru/buy_puppy.html
- My affectionate and gentle animal in Kiev – basset-hound.com.ua/ru
- Baltic Show, St. Petersburg – pitomez.ru/ru/club/show/2313/
Basset Hound Photos