The Bichon Frize is a cute dog with white hair, black nose and dark rimmed eyes. As a rule, these dogs are distinguished by a friendly disposition and are often used to participate in dog shows.
Thinking about what kind of dog you need, you tend to think that you want to see a gentle, friendly, beautiful creature nearby. You are ready to devote the necessary time to caring for the dog, but you would be glad if you did not have to walk with your pet for hours in any weather. And if you have small children in your house, then you would like the dog to play with them with pleasure. Take a closer look at the Bichon Frize, he has everything you need!
The content of the article:
History of the origin of the breed
The word “bichoner” means “pamper”, “comb”, and “frize” means “curled”. The name of the breed reflects both the unusual appearance of the dogs, and the attitude of the owners towards them. The breed has a rather impressive history, since 1 400 the Bichon Frize has been recognized as a separate breed of dog.
It is generally believed that this is a purely French breed, but there is another version, namely, that its historical homeland is the Canary Islands. It came to France by pure chance, and from there it spread throughout the world. If during the existence of royal dynasties, this breed was considered especially privileged and lived exclusively in noble families. Then after the revolution, their fate changed, they became purely circus dogs. This “work” was predetermined for them, since nature generously rewarded them with intelligence and intelligence, as well as exceptional obedience, and all these qualities were used with might and main by circus trainers.
The breed originated in the Mediterranean, on the island of Tenerife in the XIV century. From about 1400 it was considered an independent breed. These dogs served as an object of sale and purchase among Spanish sailors, won the love of the French and Italian aristocracy, acted as organ-grinders’ assistants, and also in the circus. Today it is one of the most popular companion dogs in the world..
The Bichon Frize appeared in the United States only in 1956, but quickly gained many admirers, and already in 1973 it was recognized as the American Kennel Club. American breeders and especially specialists in preparation and display at exhibitions (groomers, handlers) worked so hard on the Bichon’s appearance that he became a true decoration of the rings. Now is the time for his triumphant return to Europe.
European bichon lovers quickly adopted the American style of wool decoration, which attracts everyone’s attention. There are more and more fans of the curly-haired Bichon, and his amazing appearance increasingly helps him to defeat dogs of other breeds in the final rings of the most prestigious exhibitions. Very good bichons were recently brought to Russia. But, unfortunately, there are still too few of them for sustainable breeding.
At some point, circumstances developed in such a way that the Bichon Frize were on the verge of extinction, but they managed to be saved, putting a lot of effort into this. Now the representatives of this breed are purely domestic animals, as it actually should be, because it is not for nothing that in translation from French, the name of this breed is translated as – curly-haired indoor dog.
Description of the breed
Its snow-white fluffy coat and black eye buttons make it look like a wonderful soft toy. Small size allows the dog to feel great in a city apartment.
- The head of the Bichon Frize is round in appearance (due to the decorating wool), flat when probed. The muzzle is not massive or rough, but it should not taper towards the nose either.
- Hanging ears. They are adorned with long, gracefully curled hair. Ear length – to the middle of the muzzle, ears are not wide, graceful. When the dog is alert, keep in front, touching the head with the front edge, without moving to the side at an angle.
- The eyes are rounded, not almond-shaped, not protruding, lively and expressive. The eye section is not oblique. The color is as dark as possible. The eye sockets should not protrude, and the eyeballs should stand out strongly. The nose of the Bichon Frize is straight. The nose is strictly black, round, shiny, with delicate skin.
- Scissor bite in dogs: the incisors of the lower jaw are located behind the incisors of the upper jaw and fit tightly to them. Cheekbones are flat, not muscular..
- The body of the dogs is distinguished by a long neck smoothly merging into the withers, a fairly wide chest and a taut belly.
- The chest is well developed, descends rather low horizontally, the ribs are rounded. The back of the Bichon Frizee breed is straight, the loin is muscular and wide, turning into a slightly rounded croup.
- The forelimbs of the Bichon Frize, viewed from the front, are vertical, straight, with thin bones. The elbows should not be turned out. Paws are round, sinewy, resting on black pads. The ideal nail color is black, but this color can be difficult to achieve.
- The hind legs of the Bichon Frize are muscular, the thighs are wide and sloping. Feet, like the front, round and sinewy, with black pads and, if possible, claws.
- The tail is set slightly below the back line. The dog keeps it raised, gracefully curved along the spine. The tail should not curl up into a ring and touch the back, but the suspension can fall over the back. The tail is not docked.
The wool of the Bichon Frize consists of an undercoat and a top coat. The combination of a thick and soft undercoat with a wavy top coat creates a feeling of softness and density, springy when stroked. Top coat – corkscrew-curly, but not separated into bundles.
The color of the Bichon Frize must be pure white. Only for puppies are cream spots around the ears acceptable. On the other hand, the skin of dogs is highly pigmented, the darker the shade, the better.
A Bichon Frize can be disqualified if his height is above 30.5 cm or less than 22.8 cm, if the dog has almond-shaped, protruding or oblique eyes, silky or coarse hair. Eye color other than black and dark brown, partial pigmentation of the nose, pads, eyelids, lips, undershot, overshot, low set, hanging down or curled up in a ring tail are also grounds for disqualification.
Bichon Frize character
Bichon Frizee are very lively, sociable and cheerful dogs with a very gentle and sensitive nature. They love to amuse themselves and their owners. They need a lot of attention and love and love to spend time with their family and other animals.
Bichon Frizee adapt well to various conditions and will be happy in almost any setting. However, while they love to play and frolic outside, these dogs are not very good companions for people who spend a lot of time outdoors.
These dogs are not overbearing or dominant, but can be very independent. Some Bichon Frizees can be quite noisy and bark a lot. Overall, the Bichon Frizee is a wonderful little dog, a great family pet or companion dog.
Bichon Frize loves active games and human society. These dogs are known for their friendly, gentle and affectionate disposition. They are indispensable companions on long walks.
Affectionate and cheerful dog that gets along well with other animals. Little Bichon Frizee feels good in the apartment. He is able to both give the owner the joy of communication, and simply deliver aesthetic pleasure with a spectacular appearance.
Unpretentiousness in the administration of natural needs will relieve the owner of the need for daily walks (the dogs easily master the tray). A lively open character, love for children and unconditional devotion to the owner – the qualities of a true friend of a large family – will make him your favorite and a real source of joy.
Bichon Frize and other pets
These dogs show loyalty and affection towards other pets. They get along great with other pets and are very kind to strangers..
Caring for the Bichon Frize
Bichon Frize shows constant grooming. It is better that professional masters do this. When choosing a puppy, it is recommended to carefully study the parents in order to avoid the appearance of undesirable qualities and characteristics in him in the future. Despite the fact that the Bichon Frizee practically does not shed, caring for him requires a sufficient amount of time. It is advisable to comb these dogs daily or every other day, as the Bichon Frizee’s coat is prone to tangling. To make it easier to care for the coat of these dogs, it is recommended to cut and trim them once every few months.
The snow-white coat of the dog requires special care. If you are planning to participate in dog shows, it is better to use the services of a dog grooming specialist. Caring for the wool of a Bichon Frize, which will be just a pet, you can master yourself. The main thing is daily combing with a suitable comb and special combing products.
If you nevertheless decide to cut your dog with a clipper, keep in mind that you will have to do this quite often, since the germinating undercoat will be thin and delicate, but as soon as it outgrows the length with which you were able to cope, it will immediately begin to tangle into felt. This is because the awn after the haircut grows also weak and lifeless, that is, not saturated with pigment and not springy at hand. The effect of “thinned carrot” is created.
The dog’s body throws out young hair faster and more abundantly, the previous one, this is a defensive reaction (stress, natural fright). But the previous sheared wool still grows slowly, or even generally remains unchanged. With each procedure, there are more and more such trimmed stumps and this prevents dense elastic hair from growing. It is getting thinner and weaker. And this hair collects all the dirt on itself, and the dog has to be washed often. As a result – a vicious circle. If you are already clipping your baby for a clipper, then do not use clippers smaller than 5 mm.
Another object of close attention is the dog’s eyes. On the face of the Bichon Frize there is a thick coat that can get into the eyes and cause watery eyes. Rub your eyes with a cotton swab and a special lotion once a day.
The Bichon Frizee needed more frequent bathing compared to some other dog breeds, once a week or once a month, depending on the dog’s lifestyle. If your dog spends little time outside, chances are it won’t get very dirty.
You should also pay attention to the teeth, ears and cut the claws in time.
The Bichon Frizee need only be provided with a small amount of additional exercise, as they are very lively and agile dogs and provide themselves with movement during the day. For this breed there will be enough active games and walks on the street..
It is necessary to pay special attention to maintaining the dog’s coat in good condition – this is the main disadvantage of the breed. It gets dirty easily, especially in slushy weather, and it can look bad from frequent washing. Dogs need daily combing, and a haircut from a specialist every 1.5-2 months.
However, the Bichon Frizee is very good at potty training, and in wet weather you can stay at home with it to keep the dog’s clothing clean. And combing your beloved (and very patient!) Dog is a separate pleasure for the owner, to whom Bichon Frizee is completely devoted!
The Bichon Frize is exceptionally good as a city dweller, whose stylish appearance and confident demeanor inspire interest and respect. But he will be handsome only where they are ready to constantly take care of his coat..
The Bichon Frizee is not picky about food, however, like other pure white dogs, it is prone to allergies. The diet of the Bichon Frize should be balanced; it is not recommended to violate the established diet of the dog. Do not under any circumstances treat the dog with food “from the table” so as not to provoke the development of allergies.
Bichon Frize training
These decorative dogs do not need to demonstrate working qualities. But they are very intelligent and quick-witted, and therefore they are excellent learners, they easily learn all the necessary skills. Experts believe that clicker training is ideal for the Bichon Frize, since with this technique there is no punishment as such.
Bichon Frize health
Bichon Frizes are generally very healthy animals. However, sometimes there are cases of dermatitis, ear infections, and vision problems (cataracts, etc.). It should be noted that Bichon Frizes are prone to plaque and gum disease.
In general, dogs have good health, they live quite a long time – 15-17 years. It is necessary to regularly examine the dog’s ears to rule out the development of ear infections, as well as periodically remove plaque from the teeth of the Bichon Frize to avoid inflammation of the gums. The last procedure is best left to your veterinarian.
Small litters, 3-4 puppies. Labor is usually without complications. Puppies have a dirty yellow coat color. Brighten by about 6 months. Pigmentation of the nose, eyelids and lips in newborns is weak, but by 4-6 weeks should be black and solid. Due to the fact that puppies of Bichon, White Poodle and other related breeds are indistinguishable for a long time, they should only be purchased from legal breeders who have a “Certificate of Origin” for each puppy, even if you just have a pet.
Most often, the following diseases were noted in this breed of dogs:
- Urolithiasis disease
- Hypotrichosis (hair loss)
- Atlantoaxial instability
- Dislocation of the patella
- Entropion (turn of the century)
- Corneal dystrophy
Photos Bichon Frize
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