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History of the breed
Dogs with an unusually keen sense of smell existed in the Mediterranean countries, long before the advent of our era. Bloodhounds are representatives of the oldest type of hounds, although the appearance of dogs has seriously changed, thanks to the efforts of people.
Bloodhounds were bred in ancient Greece. Over time, these dogs appeared in Ancient Rome. From there, hunting dogs spread throughout Europe.
The author of the book “History of Animals”, Claudius Elian, in the 3rd century, spoke with enthusiasm about bloodhounds: in his opinion, these hounds have no rivals in terms of instinct and determination. If the dog is on the trail, it will not stop until it finds the animal.
In the 8th century, black and white Bloodhounds came under the patronage of the brethren of St. Hubert’s Monastery. The monks preserved and improved the breed – for several centuries they bred and crossed bloodhounds with other dogs, having received several new breeds of hounds: English, French, Swiss. All new breeds showed characteristic bloodhound features: skin folds and long, drooping ears.
Representatives of the highest clergy of the 12th century did not consider participation in dog hunting as shameful, there was a place for kennels in any monastery, and special attention was always paid to bloodhounds in huge packs of hounds. No other dog could successfully find the animal on the old trail. The breed was appreciated and carefully preserved.
Hounds were also actively used as bloodhounds. In 17th century Great Britain there were laws obliging to call bloodhounds on guard duty and forbidding residents to obstruct the passage of a dog into a house. Moreover, if a dog on duty showed a desire to enter, the owners were obliged to open the door for him. There was one penalty for refusing to cooperate with a dog: the death penalty.
The name of the breed gave the desire to preserve the best qualities of dogs: bloodhound is translated from English as “purebred hound”.
The English doctor Johann Cayus, a famous dog lover, explained this name in another way: dogs follow the bloody trail of the victim. The wounded beast, which has enough strength left to escape from the hunter, still leaves blood, and these hounds begin to pursue by the smell of blood. Therefore, they are rightfully called “blood”.
It was Kayus who mentioned the alternative use of the breed: if the thieves did not leave traces of blood, the dog will still follow the trail for long distances, find the thief in the crowd, make his way through impassable thickets, even swim across the river and get on the trail on the other bank, spinning a little so that find him.
At the beginning of the 17th century, black bloodhounds became constant companions of English hunters, helping in the extraction of deer, wolves, and lynxes. By this time the appearance of the dogs was as close as possible to the modern one. They do not differ in speed, but their amazing flair and dedication in pursuing animals on the trail have no analogues. The rest of the hounds were already following the Bloodhound that had taken the trail..
Bloodhounds entered the New World at the same time as the Europeans. There, dogs received a new use and hatred of blacks: slave hunters. Bloodhounds were allowed to follow the trail of slaves who had escaped from plantations. Persistent hunters could pursue a victim over a distance of over 100 kilometers. It was in the USA that Bloodhounds finally acquired their modern look. But during the civil war, pedigree dogs were almost completely exterminated by former slaves.
Artists belonging to the movement of fighters for the abolition of slavery in the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries often chose the persecution of escaped slaves by bloodhounds as a subject for their paintings.
In the International Cynological Association, the breed is registered as Belgian, although it acquired its qualities thanks to the English monks, and was finally formed with the active participation of American slave owners.
Bloodhounds appeared in Russia under Peter the Great – the dogs were bought for the Izmailovsky menagerie for a lot of money. But after the death of the emperor, no one was interested in the hounds. Professional breeders of this breed appeared only in the USSR in the late 1980s.
Now the main purpose of the breed is companion dogs or show specimens. Although hunting dogs have also survived, they are equally successful in tracking down large and small game – from moose to badgers. Bitches are believed to be more suitable for hunting. Bloodhounds work most effectively on the trail of blood – tracking down wounded.
Description of the breed
Classes should not be stretched out – bloodhound will not stand more than 15-20 minutes: boredom and a lot of distracting odors will knock your concentration. [/сolor-box]
Puppies have a tendency to play pranks from boredom and follow smells, so the first commands they are taught are “Come to me” and “You mustn’t.” Education begins at the age of two months. Over time, the list of commands expands. Bloodhound is capable of standard training programs, subject to the competent approach of the trainer.
- Dysplasia of the pelvis and elbows.
- Distended belly.
- Skin diseases in deep folds.
- Cherry eye.
- Inversion or inversion of the eyelid.
A thoroughbred Blundhound puppy will cost the new owner from 25,000 to 45,000 rubles. The exact price depends on many factors: pedigree, how developed are the qualities inherent in the breed, the medical history of the parents, age.
List of nurseries
- Xenia’s Nadezhda Moscow – www.bloodhound-nadezhda-ksenii.ru/guest.htm
- SKYWOOD HUNTER Stupino – www.hochusobaku.ru/kennel/1532/
- Davlet Khan Lipetsk – www.hochusobaku.ru/kennel/3562/
- BAGRIVERA Belgorod – www.hochusobaku.ru/kennel/4228/