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History of the breed
In the very name of the breed, a German accent is clearly heard – the birthplace of compact shepherd dogs is the Swiss valley of Entlebuch, located in the cantons of Bern and Lucerne, and the mountain dog is translated as “alpine shepherd”.
Presumably, the ancestors of the Sennenhund were Roman Molossian Great Danes, but there is no solid evidence.
The main functions of the breed are grazing cattle in the highlands.
The first description of these dogs dates back to 1889, where they appear under the name “Entlebucher” – the researchers followed a simple path, naming the breed according to its main habitat. The Entlebuchers are the smallest of the four known species of Swiss herding dogs. For a long time, the Entlebucher Sennenhund was not separated from another breed – the Appenzeller.
At the beginning of the 20th century, in 1913, the small mountain dog was entered in the Swiss herd book as a separate species – following the results of the exhibition in Langenthal, where four representatives of the Entlebucher were presented. The well-known expert on mountain shepherd dogs, Professor Albert Heim, greatly influenced the decision of the judging committee..
The First World War had a strong negative impact on the development of the breed – after its end it was discovered that there were practically no purebred miniature mountain shepherds left. Dr. Kobler made a huge contribution to the restoration of the number of the smallest Mountain Dogs. He has traveled all over the Swiss highlands trying to find purebred breeders. As a result, the restoration of the breed was entrusted to the bitch Babeli, with which she successfully coped.
In 1926, on the initiative of Kobler, the Mountain Dog Entlebuch Club was created. The breed standard was developed a year later, and from that moment on, breeding and participation in specialized exhibitions of purebred dogs began. The breed did not gain much popularity, and the breeding of the Mountain Dog was progressing rather slowly.
The situation changed only in the middle of the 20th century, when really bright representatives of the breed appeared, possessing pronounced physical and external signs of the Sennenhund. The male Much, who won the title of international champion and won prizes at many European exhibitions, became a role model. Small dogs were seen as good companions and the demand for them increased.
In Europe, Mountain Dogs are famous and popular, and in Russia they are considered rather unusual pets. The first domestic breeders of this breed appeared only in the early 2000s, and there are still few nurseries dealing only with entles..
Description of the breed
Leadership does not mean tyranny. It is enough for the dog to recognize the owner as the leader. In general, the Ently value friendship and mutual respect. [/сolor-box]
Training should begin with socialization – the dog must get used to the fact that there are other living things around, and the sounds of the big world.
Household norms are desirable to instill in a puppy up to six months: you can not bite, damage furniture, run away. Somewhere from the age of four months, the baby will begin “growing pains”: he becomes disobedient, obeys with reluctance. By this point, the rules should already be established. This period will end at the age of one.
Entlebucher Mountain Dogs are very healthy animals with a huge amount of energy, willpower and endurance. But there are diseases inherent in the breed:
- Eye diseases.
- Dysplasia of the pelvis.
Breed-specific illnesses can be prevented by taking precautions and examinations. It is recommended to visit your veterinarian every two to three months.
Eye rinsing will be helpful in preventing hereditary problems. It will not be superfluous to periodically monitor the condition of the eyeballs. At the slightest change in the transparency of the retina, an urgent need to consult a doctor: it is better to stop the disease in the early stages.
Excessive nutrition harms not only the activity and appearance of the pet, but also negatively affects health: the risk of heart disease, blood vessels, gastrointestinal tract, and locomotor apparatus increases. In addition, excess weight also reduces the dog’s lifespan.
At puppyhood, you need to strictly dose the load so as not to harm the pelvic bones.
It is not so easy to buy a puppy of this breed. There are not many Entleys in the world, and the number of breeders is also small. Most of all specialized nurseries are in Switzerland, Germany and Austria. In Russia, there is a National Club of this breed, created in 2005.
The puppy will likely have to wait a long time. It is better to pre-order the breeder by first visiting the nursery to look at the parents, study pedigrees and veterinary documents.
Due to the rarity of the breed and the small gene pool around the world, breeders are scrupulous about breed standards.
The price of a puppy for the smallest Mountain Dog starts from 60,000 rubles.
List of nurseries
You can buy a puppy in the following kennels
- Entlebucher Magic Force Vidnoe – bengal.su
- Fresh Energy Moscow – fresh-energy.jimdo.com
- Alert Escort, St. Petersburg – spb-sennen.ucoz.ru
- From the Noble House in Moscow – www.allfoursennenhunds.ru
- MOOO Zoomir Podolsk – zoomir-club.ru
- NKP Entlebucher Sennenhund Moscow – www.entlebucher.ru
Photo by Entlebucher Sennenhund