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History of the breed
In the very name of the breed, a German accent is clearly heard – the birthplace of compact shepherd dogs is the Swiss valley of Entlebuch, located in the cantons of Bern and Lucerne, and the mountain dog is translated as “alpine shepherd”.
Presumably, the ancestors of the Sennenhund were Roman Molossian Great Danes, but there is no solid evidence.
The main functions of the breed are grazing cattle in the highlands.
The first description of these dogs dates back to 1889, where they appear under the name “Entlebucher” – the researchers followed a simple path, naming the breed according to its main habitat. The Entlebuchers are the smallest of the four known species of Swiss herding dogs. For a long time, the Entlebucher Sennenhund was not separated from another breed – the Appenzeller.
At the beginning of the 20th century, in 1913, the small mountain dog was entered in the Swiss herd book as a separate species – following the results of the exhibition in Langenthal, where four representatives of the Entlebucher were presented. The well-known expert on mountain shepherd dogs, Professor Albert Heim, greatly influenced the decision of the judging committee..
The First World War had a strong negative impact on the development of the breed – after its end it was discovered that there were practically no purebred miniature mountain shepherds left. Dr. Kobler made a huge contribution to the restoration of the number of the smallest Mountain Dogs. He has traveled all over the Swiss highlands trying to find purebred breeders. As a result, the restoration of the breed was entrusted to the bitch Babeli, with which she successfully coped.
In 1926, on the initiative of Kobler, the Mountain Dog Entlebuch Club was created. The breed standard was developed a year later, and from that moment on, breeding and participation in specialized exhibitions of purebred dogs began. The breed did not gain much popularity, and the breeding of the Mountain Dog was progressing rather slowly.
The situation changed only in the middle of the 20th century, when really bright representatives of the breed appeared, possessing pronounced physical and external signs of the Sennenhund. The male Much, who won the title of international champion and won prizes at many European exhibitions, became a role model. Small dogs were seen as good companions and the demand for them increased.
In Europe, Mountain Dogs are famous and popular, and in Russia they are considered rather unusual pets. The first domestic breeders of this breed appeared only in the early 2000s, and there are still few nurseries dealing only with entles..
Description of the breed
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A compact, medium-sized dog with an elongated body. Like all Swiss Mountain Dogs, it has a tricolor color: red and white spots on a black background. Active and hardy.
- Height at withers – males: from 44 to 52 centimeters, females: from 42 to 50 centimeters.
- Weight – from 18 to 23 kilograms.
- Life span – up to 15 years old.
- Head – with a flat, wide skull tapering to the muzzle, the occipital protuberances are almost invisible. Muzzle – Well developed, creates a sense of power, tapers slightly, but not pointed. The nose line is straight. The lobe is black, protruding beyond the line of slightly pronounced lips adjacent to the jaw. The cheeks are almost invisible. The bite is correct, powerful. It can be scissor or pincer. The absence of premolars and 3 molars is acceptable.
- Eyes – small, round. The color ranges from dark to light brown. Eyelids with black edges fit snugly.
- Ears – small in size, set high and wide apart. Lobes hang, triangular in shape, distinctly rounded at the ends. The ear cartilage is strong and well-defined. The ears are flat in their normal state, when active they are slightly raised and acquire a forward direction.
- Neck – medium, muscular, dry, blending smoothly into the body.
- Body – strong, muscular, slightly elongated.
- Back – straight, broad, powerful, with a flexible and muscular lower back.
- Pelvis – rather long, slightly sloping.
- Chest – deep, elongated and wide, reaching to the elbows. The front part is pronounced. The ribs are sufficiently convex.
- Stomach – slightly tightened.
- Tail – extends the back, horizontal or hanging. There are dogs with a congenital short tail – this is permissible.
- Front limbs – developed, but not heavy, set of medium width. Feet – rather short and powerful, parallel, placed strictly under the body. Long shoulder blades, well muscled, oblique, reclining. The shoulders are slightly shorter than the shoulder blades. The forearms are short and straight, strong bones, dry. Elbows are close fitting. Pasterns – short, continuing the forearms, a small angle is visible from the side.
- Hind limbs – well-developed, well-muscled. Set straight, parallel to each other, medium. Long, broad, strong thighs form a wide angle with the lower leg. Dry drumsticks are approximately equal in length to the thighs. Hock joint – Strong, low, well angulated. Metatarsus are short and strong. Dewclaws are removed, except in states where it is legally prohibited..
- Paws – Rounded, arched toes fit tightly and point straight. Sufficient short, strong nails. Thick pillows.
- Wool – short, close to the skin, hard, shiny. Slightly wavy hair on the withers and back is acceptable but not desirable. Sufficiently thick undercoat.
- Color – tricolor. The main one is black, with markings: red (from yellow to red-brown) and white. Red – above the eyes, on the cheeks, front neck, muzzle, sides of the chest, all paws. On the paws, red markings are necessarily located between the black background and the white markings. White – from the top of the head to the muzzle, from the chin to the chest, on all legs, at the tip of the tail with a long tail. A small mark on the back of the head is possible, but not desirable. Undercoat – dark gray or brown.
Vices affecting the recognition of a purebred dog:
- Colors other than tricolor.
- Curled tail.
- Violation of the size and location of the eyelids.
- Long or soft coat.
- An iris colored yellow or blue.
- The main background of wool is not black.
- Growth impairment, both downward and upward.
- Shyness or excessive aggression.
The change of role – from shepherds to companions – happened for the Entles organically. They like to be in human society, to participate in the activities of the owner and his family. The dog is ready for any activity if the owner is a company. Friendliness, endurance and energy allow the companion to accompany the family to any place – he will not cause problems. Compact dogs quickly accept the rules of behavior and take care of the environment.
Despite the long years spent in the highlands, pets still prefer to live indoors, falling asleep on a bed with the owner or next to her.
When it snows, pets will be happy to drag sleds with children. Antley are great nannies. But there were some excesses. Dogs do not see the difference between an adult and a child, therefore they do not dose the power of expression of emotions. You should not have a Mountain Dog in a family with very small children – up to 7 years old. In addition, the shepherd’s habit of nibbling on the legs for educational purposes can result in a considerable number of bruises.
Little Mountain Dogs bark only for important reasons: if someone has violated the boundaries established by the dog, if there is a danger, if there is an incomprehensible activity. When the owner returns home, the pet will definitely express its joy with a booming bass. Sentinel, protective and surveillance functions are the duties of a shepherd. Representatives of the breed will not vote for no reason.
Herding skills did not disappear with the retraining of dogs into companions: dogs are jealous of the territory they consider their own, they will not let strangers or animals pass.
Entleys do not enter into conflicts, they are ready to constantly play and run, they are curious and smart, they clearly understand the boundaries of what is permitted. They don’t want leadership wars. Calmly treat other animals in the house. But they do not tolerate insults inflicted by strangers. If on the street a huge dog raised his voice to the pet, the mountain dog will not leave such an insult without a reaction: he will answer instantly. Bitches are more sensitive to insults. But they will defend the owner more violently..
- Virtually no need for grooming – just occasional brushing.
- Ears need to be cleaned from time to time.
- Bathing – only as it gets dirty. Plus, Mountain Dogs love to wash..
- It is better to keep the dog in a warm room, but give it enough time for walks and activity, give it physical activity.
- Even with short hair, dogs of this breed do not tolerate high temperatures, trying to hide in the shade or swim in water.
They can entertain themselves while walking, but they will gratefully accept the owner’s invitation to play together. If the pet does not have enough loads, it will quickly gain excess weight, lose its agility, and become lazy.
An enormous amount of energy will only allow the course of obedience to be curbed. If you do not plan to train a dog, it is better not to start an entley.
The Sennenhunds have a sharp and inquisitive mind, curiosity and interest in new activities are well developed, energy reserves contribute to long-term activity. With the right attitude and approach, training and learning is not a problem. Even if at some point the dog barks and refuses to follow the commands, there may be a reason for this. There is no need to shout and use force – it is better to return to training the next day.
If the pet recognizes the owner’s leadership, it makes living together and learning much easier. In order for the animal to learn the hierarchy, it is recommended to use simple tricks:
- Do not let the dog go forward through the open door. In her understanding, the leader takes responsibility and enters first..
- The place where the owner rests is forbidden for the dog. It is necessary to strictly mark the boundaries of “your” territory and not let the dog lie or sit there – this is the place of the leader.
- If you had to pull the stick with the dog, the owner must win the competition, thereby proving his right to the place of the leader: strength is valued by animals.
- Your dog needs permission to eat. Do not allow self-feeding or snatching food from your hands. There is a pet can start after the word “You can”.
Training should begin with socialization – the dog must get used to the fact that there are other living things around, and the sounds of the big world.
Household norms are desirable to instill in a puppy up to six months: you can not bite, damage furniture, run away. Somewhere from the age of four months, the baby will begin “growing pains”: he becomes disobedient, obeys with reluctance. By this point, the rules should already be established. This period will end at the age of one.
Entlebucher Mountain Dogs are very healthy animals with a huge amount of energy, willpower and endurance. But there are diseases inherent in the breed:
- Eye diseases.
- Dysplasia of the pelvis.
Breed-specific illnesses can be prevented by taking precautions and examinations. It is recommended to visit your veterinarian every two to three months.
Eye rinsing will be helpful in preventing hereditary problems. It will not be superfluous to periodically monitor the condition of the eyeballs. At the slightest change in the transparency of the retina, an urgent need to consult a doctor: it is better to stop the disease in the early stages.
Excessive nutrition harms not only the activity and appearance of the pet, but also negatively affects health: the risk of heart disease, blood vessels, gastrointestinal tract, and locomotor apparatus increases. In addition, excess weight also reduces the dog’s lifespan.
At puppyhood, you need to strictly dose the load so as not to harm the pelvic bones.
It is not so easy to buy a puppy of this breed. There are not many Entleys in the world, and the number of breeders is also small. Most of all specialized nurseries are in Switzerland, Germany and Austria. In Russia, there is a National Club of this breed, created in 2005.
The puppy will likely have to wait a long time. It is better to pre-order the breeder by first visiting the nursery to look at the parents, study pedigrees and veterinary documents.
Due to the rarity of the breed and the small gene pool around the world, breeders are scrupulous about breed standards.
The price of a puppy for the smallest Mountain Dog starts from 60,000 rubles.
List of nurseries
You can buy a puppy in the following kennels
- Entlebucher Magic Force Vidnoe – bengal.su
- Fresh Energy Moscow – fresh-energy.jimdo.com
- Alert Escort, St. Petersburg – spb-sennen.ucoz.ru
- From the Noble House in Moscow – www.allfoursennenhunds.ru
- MOOO Zoomir Podolsk – zoomir-club.ru
- NKP Entlebucher Sennenhund Moscow – www.entlebucher.ru
Photo by Entlebucher Sennenhund