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History of the breed
The Scottish Terrier is considered one of the oldest hunting breeds in Scotland. The nationality of Scotch tapes is reflected even in their name: “Scottish Terrier”. The mountainous climate requires maximum adaptability and undemandingness. Hence the small size and thick coat.
Foxes and badgers were the objects of hunting of Scotch Terriers. And those specimens who were lucky enough to find shelter in the castles of the aristocracy rid the premises of rats.
For a long time, the owners willingly crossed short-legged Scottish and long-haired English terriers. But in the middle of the 19th century, the Scotch Terriers became an independent breed. True, uniform standards were not developed, therefore, until the end of the century, Scotch Terriers were called any dogs of a suitable species, engaged in catching rats and hunting in holes. Other terrier species and the West Highlands also had this specialization.
Spontaneous breeding seriously hindered the emergence of uniform standards. Every locality in Scotland had its own type of terrier, which breeders considered ideal for the task. Terriers, this unimaginable mixture of genes of different pores could only be called terriers for hunting.
A fundamental factor in the formation of the Scottish Terrier breed was the decision of the English Kennel Club to divide the Scottish Terrier into different classes – depending on color.
Much credit for the selection of the Scottish Terrier into an independent breed belongs to Captain McKee. This officer has spent a lot of time and money traveling throughout Scotland, buying up black and wheat-colored Terriers. As a result, in 1883, the Scotch Terriers became the owners of the breed standard, finally separating from the West Highlands and Skye Terriers.
The appearance of the dog, as close as possible to the modern one, was brought out by the breeders of the city of Aberdeen, the breed was originally called “Aberdeen Terrier”. The first Scottish Terrier club was founded in 1892.
Brave hunters were brought to the New World at the end of the 19th century, but were not appreciated – the Americans did not understand why these dogs were needed. Franklin Roosevelt became the trendsetter for scotch tape. The Scottish Terrier named Fala, presented to the president for Christmas, has become his constant companion and an integral part of his image. The breed immediately received the popular love of the inhabitants of the United States. After his death, Fala was buried next to the owner.
Breeding of the breed in Russia seems to have been opposed by fate itself. At the beginning of the 20th century, members of the royal family became the first owners of Scotch Terriers in Russia. But, during the 1917 revolution, small shaggy dogs ceased to exist along with the aristocracy. In the 1930s, breeders again became interested in the Scottish breed, but the Great Patriotic War, which began in 1941, again put an end to the breeding of a new breed for the USSR.
It was only in the 1970s that it was possible to fully breed Scotch Terriers in the USSR. The Krasnaya Zvezda kennel bought pedigree dogs abroad, and they became the founders of the breed in Russia.
Marketers also did not fail to take advantage of the memorable appearance – images of Scotch Terriers are often used to create the image of products. The most famous example – whiskey “Black and White”, on the label of which depicts the Scottish Terrier and West Highland.
A long and difficult selection did not damage the natural qualities of the Scotch Terriers: they are strong, brave, cunning, aggressive dogs. But as hunters shaggy kids are rarely used now. But they are known as one of the best breeds that can become companions..
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Do not fall for the cute appearance of scotch tape. They are strong-willed and courageous dogs, not afraid to throw and accept challenges. Without strong evidence, the Scottish Terrier will not accept the leading role of the owner, strength tests will certainly be. But if a proud hunter is convinced of the owner’s strength and confidence, he will become a loyal and devoted friend.
Scotch tapes will not consider all family members friends: they have only one owner and friend. The rest are comrades to play with, to be petted, but never completely trusted.
The mood of the Scotch Terriers is changeable and invariably difficult. In a minute, it can change several times: a loving, playful dog instantly turns into an irritable snob. They love to express dissatisfaction with the actions of the owner: they take offense at criticism, prohibition, refusal of a delicacy.
An innate dignity and tendency to dominate makes hunters aggressive towards other animals, even dogs of their own breed. Hot temper, pugnaciousness and a willingness to go to conflict can lead a brave man to attack a dog twice his size. Protecting property is in their blood. And the concept of ownership is stretched, depending on the circumstances. The hunting instinct takes its toll: Scotch tapes cannot deny themselves the pleasure of chasing animals that are smaller than them. The problem of peaceful coexistence can only be solved by early socialization.
Scottish Terriers not only subtly feel the intonation, perfectly understanding criticism and praise, but also adjust to the owner’s mood, adjusting their own behavior. The “Scots” consider it their sacred duty to participate in all the affairs of the owner.
Scotch tapes will not show aggression to strangers without reason, but they demand respect for their own integrity. They do not like unnecessary attention from strangers and are ready to tolerate only members of the owner’s family.
You should not take such a dog if there are small children – the Scotch Terrier is not inclined to forgive insults and violation of personal space. He will not refuse affection, but only when he himself needs it. But with the teenagers, the “Scotsman” will get along well and become a playmate. The pet loves to play, walk and run. The most suitable toy is a ball that you can hunt: catch up, grab, bring.
Left alone the Scotch Terrier will not make a tragedy out of the situation. The owner’s absences are part of his concept of the world order. The main thing is not to abuse it, leaving the animal for a long time and depriving it of walks.
On the other hand, with the appropriate mood, the Scotch Terrier will luxuriate with pleasure next to the owner, warm his legs, and caress. Key words: “with the appropriate mood.” Coercion is inappropriate. A pet that requires respect for itself is just as sensitive to the wishes of the owner. He will not actively demand attention to himself, but simply come and sit next to him, hinting that he is not against talking. Contact with the owner is very important for the tape, the dog needs a joint pastime, so it is worth taking it with you more often – to a barbecue, to the dacha, even to cleaning.
What an adult dog will look like depends a lot on the owner. Scotch tapes develop by communicating with the owner. The more attention, the more understanding and friendly the dog will be. But if the dog spends all day in the aviary, due to the busyness of the owner, you should not expect these qualities from it. Most likely, an adult animal will be aggressive and pugnacious, cannot stand touch.
Description of the breed
Compact, but strong and sturdy dog, with short legs. Energetic stance, tight neck. Owner of eyebrows, mustaches and beards. Males are more massive and larger than bitches.
- Constitution – dry, but strong, strong bones, well-developed muscles.
- Height at withers – from 25.4 to 28 centimeters.
- Weight – from 8.6 to 10 kilograms.
- Life span – about 13 years old.
- Wool – long and tough, covering the lower body and limbs. On the face – a long mustache and beard, on the body – a skirt. The undercoat is dense and soft. There is no natural molting.
- Color – black or wheat, a mixture of colors is possible.
- Head – quite wide and long, dry, poorly expressed cheekbones. The muzzle is long, slightly tapering. Eyelids and lips dry, black. Wide, powerful jaws.
- Ears – Medium, erect, with sharp ends, covered with wool. Stand high and straight.
- Eyes – dark shades of brown, set wide enough and recessed.
- Neck – medium, well developed, set high.
- Back – very well developed, straight, fairly short.
- Tail – medium length, tapers towards the end.
- Chest – long, wide, deep.
- Front limbs – short, massive, straight. The shoulders are long, the elbows are pressed. Short, strong pasterns.
- Hind limbs – strong, set wide, parallel. Strong bones, developed muscles. The hock and knee joints are well defined. Short, powerful hock.
The compact dog is perfect for housing – it does not need a lot of space. But frequent walks are a must.
Long hair requires frequent brushing to prevent tangling and to remove loose hair. A haircut is recommended once every two months. If the animal does not participate in exhibitions, the easiest way is to trim. To participate in shows, dogs are trimmed. After clipping, the coat becomes soft and velvety to the touch. Due to the lack of natural shedding, it is imperative to pluck out dead wool from time to time.
- Wash the dog – if necessary, while it is desirable that it dry out on its own, without the help of a hair dryer.
- Claws must be constantly trimmed.
- Be sure to monitor the condition of the ears and eyes – they must be clean and dry.
- The pet’s beard is often dirty when eating, so after each meal you need to clean it.
In the diet, you can get by with premium dry food – in this case, the dog does not need additional vitamins. With natural feeding, preference is given to lean raw beef, for variety and to obtain the necessary substances, add boiled fish, cereals, vegetables. Bone meal supplements will also be beneficial for your pet. You can give turkey and chicken – boneless, skinned. And pork and lamb – strictly contraindicated – cause diarrhea and liver problems.
To protect the puppy from drafts, he should arrange a sleeping place at a short distance from the floor.
A hunting dog needs toys, but, if necessary, they can be replaced by ordinary household things, which are not a pity.
To avoid improper placement of the paws, slippery surfaces in the house should be covered with a non-slip coating.
The harness is not suitable for Scotch Terriers – it will lead to deformation of the front limbs, which are already not very strong.
In training, character traits are reflected: smart, but stubborn, does not tolerate criticism, but loves praise. Learning starts with the energy inherent in the breed, but when the process gets bored, he looks for a more interesting activity.
Skeptical about teams you don’t like. The Scottish Terrier can happily execute the command “Seek”, but absolutely not hear the boring word “Sit”. You can influence the dog by persuasion or a treat. The “Scots” do not accept other methods.
There are no special programs for scotch terriers, although experts are sure of the need for an individual approach to the breed. Cynologists argue that training requires a combination of play and training, and that there should be more play. Scottish Terriers won’t work if they’re bored. On the general training grounds such dogs are not expected either – long lessons are not suitable for the specific character of the “Scots”.
Puppies can spoil a lot of things, it’s impossible to fight it. The only way out is to hide away anything that is a pity, and to schedule repairs after buying the dog. If the destruction goes beyond all boundaries, you can slightly spank the bully, but at the same time be sure to explain why. Otherwise, instead of realizing the wrongdoing, the puppy will be offended.
Young “Scots” love to use their teeth. Such attempts should be terminated immediately. But you should not abuse shouts and prohibitions – what is an incentive for other dogs, for an Scotch Terrier is a reason to be offended.
There is no need to expect a quick result from training – dogs of this breed must first assess the need and attractiveness of teams.
In general – a healthy breed, the basis of a good condition is diet and vitamins. But there is a disposition of representatives of the breed to oncological diseases of the blood and stomach. Most often the disease affects old bitches.
- Skin diseases.
- Heavy labor.
Depending on the region, breed purity, age and characteristics, the cost of a puppy will be from 15,000 to 25,000 rubles.
List of nurseries
1) FROM TVER GRAD Tver – sco-terrier.jimdo.com
2) Gemma Stonehenge Moscow – www.scottish-terrier.su/
3) LANGOBARD Moscow – www.langobard.org/
4) Impish Imp Voronezh – impish-imp.v-r-n.ru/
5) Denwer ZartPiter Novosibirsk – www.hochusobaku.ru/kennel/815/
Photo of Scottish Terrier