The Bull Terrier is a rather controversial breed. Some consider them a model of strength and courage, others dislike bull terriers..
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History of the origin of the breed
The dwarf, or rather miniature, bull terrier has been known since the 19th century, when in England there were fashionable bull terriers weighing 3.6 kg, which became famous as excellent rat catchers: Tiny’s dog strangled 50 rats in 18 minutes. In the 1820-1850s, toy bull terriers, which weighed only 2-3 kg, were especially popular. In any case, then special fights were held for dogs weighing 3-10 kg. Small Bull Terriers were obtained by crossing Standard Bull Terriers and Old English Toy Terriers (Manchester Black and Tan Toy Terriers).
Bull Terrier dogs, along with other animals, bulls and roosters, took part in battles, demonstrating remarkable endurance and courage. After 1835, the English parliament abolished this sport. Thanks to numerous crosses of a bulldog with a terrier, and then with a Dalmatian, fighting bull terriers appeared. The Hinx family from Birmingham was engaged in similar experiments for several generations.
Taking into account the fact that in breeding such small bull terriers there were difficulties (dogs did not differ in health), the weight for bull terriers of “small stature” in 1883 was raised to a little over 11 kg. Although the larger dogs were sturdier, Toy Bull Terriers continued to attract fans.
So, in the early 1900s, the breed was divided into three weight categories: heavy, medium and toy bull terriers. As in other breeds, miniaturization has inevitably led to a deterioration in the general constitution and structure of the head. In any case, those miniature individuals, among whose ancestors were large dogs, were better built, and the descendants of dwarf dogs had a rounded skull, protruding eyes and a shortened snout.
In 1914, 5 kg was accepted as the desired weight for the Miniature Bull Terrier. In the 1920s, breeding of mini-bull terriers fell into decay, and toy bull terriers completely disappeared. In this regard, the weight limit was raised to 8 kg, which allowed breeders to obtain larger and healthier dogs..
In 1938, the first Miniature Bull Terrier club was founded, and its chairman, Richard H. Glyn, ensured that in 1939 the breed was officially recognized by the English Kennel Club. Since then, the Bull Terrier breed has been subdivided into standard and miniature dogs. Modern “mini” is devoid of dwarf features, retains the shape and proportions of a standard bull terrier. Without knowing the exact size of a dog, it is almost impossible to determine from a photograph which species it belongs to..
Description of the breed
- The head of the bull terrier is not rough, powerful, long and deep in relation to the muzzle. Its shape resembles an egg, and its profile is not very steep. There is no pronounced transition from the forehead, which is flat in Bull Terriers, to the muzzle. The ratio of the height of the withers to the depth of the muzzle is 3: 1. The head is slightly lowered, without depressions. The lips are tight and dry and the lower jaw is strong and deep.
- The ears of such dogs are at a short distance from each other. They are quite thin and small in size. Their shape resembles a triangle, the ends of which have been extended and sharpened. This part of the head should be firmly extended..
- The eyes are small, dry, triangular, dark brown or black, narrow, set off. They have a brilliant and piercing look. The distance from the eyes to the top of the head is much less than from the nose to the eyelids. Bull Terrier nose has a black lobe.
- Scissor bite, which should be either straight or slightly off. The teeth are very strong, rather large, and white.
- The body is strong, well developed, especially its musculature and base.
- The chest is deep and broad. In addition to the usual rounded elastic ribs, there are false ribs that are located far behind. The back of bull terriers is muscular and strong, short.
- The forelegs look wide apart from the front, and the shoulder blades are flat, wide and obliquely close to the chest. The shoulders are at an angle of 90º relative to the shoulder blades, and the elbow joints are oriented strictly backward. The pasterns are almost vertical, very strong and short, and the length of the legs is equal not only to their center-to-center distance, but also to the width and length of the chest.
- The hindquarters are muscular and broad and appear parallel and straight when viewed from the rear. The knee joints are perfectly formed. The angles are well pronounced in the push nodes, which are located just below the buttocks. The space between the legs and the length of the hocks are equal.
- The tail is low set and tapering towards the end, short in length at the base, thick.
- The coat shimmers very beautifully in the sun. Quite thick, tough, short and close-fitting. The skin is elastic, and in winter it can grow a soft undercoat.
The color can be of 2 main types: brindle (one-, two- or three-color) or pure white, known to everyone under the name “white gentleman”. Skin marks or pigmentation are acceptable.
Bull Terrier personality
Bull Terrier dogs, despite their reputation as aggressive dogs, bred specifically for dog fights, are actually gentle and kind dogs in relation to people.
The Bull Terrier is a dog strong, like a bulldog, brave and persistent in its actions, like a true terrier, has erect ears like a white English terrier, agile and fast enough like a Dalmatian, and also has something else that no one else has. a different breed of dog. The Bull Terrier is easily recognizable, mainly by its peculiar head shape. Thus, this breed occupies an intermediate position between the group of mastiff-like (bulldogs) and spitz-like (terriers) dogs, however, mastiff-like traits prevail significantly.
The Bull Terrier is most often started as a companion-athlete by adherents of everything durable and solid, but at the same time elegant. This dog loves to soak up the chair or on the couch, but for a normal life he definitely needs good physical activity that can help the dog throw out the accumulated energy. A bored bull terrier in an apartment can chop a chair into small pieces to get his favorite ball under it. The Bull Terrier has not only great physical strength, but also a very strong character, which is strongly recommended to be taken into account by future owners..
A dog of this breed must be brought up from puppyhood so that it does not even think of contradicting the wishes of the owner, otherwise it will be impossible to cope with an adult dog, endowed with powerful muscles and extremely strong jaws. Strength from a bull terrier, whose stubbornness is inherent in character, will not achieve anything, and it is almost impossible to correct the flaws of upbringing made at an early age. The owner of a bull terrier should never forget about the responsibility that lies precisely with him, since no one knows better than him what his favorite gladiator is capable of.
Those who have started such a breed at home doom the dog to eternal torment, since it needs to walk a lot and put huge energy somewhere (a significant part of dog handlers and dog breeders disagrees with this statement, believing that bull terriers will be happy in an apartment with loving host). It is quite another matter when the owner lives in a private house with a large yard, and preferably in a village or a village. The bull terrier will also be immensely pleased with physical activity. Usually these dogs are put on a leash if taken out into a crowded place. This is quite correct, only the leash must be carefully selected so that it can withstand the bull terrier, because its weight is about twenty-five kilograms and add to this unrestrained energy.
Due to the unique shape of the muzzle, they often seem to be very focused on their owner and watch him closely. They seem to understand well what their owners are thinking and planning.
Bull terriers, like many terriers, are often possessive and jealous, so they need to be trained to share. Bull Terriers do not like to be teased, therefore, adults and children should not involve these dogs in games that may not be correctly regarded by them.
These dogs need the presence of people quite badly and do not tolerate loneliness very well. They are not bad watchdogs and will bark when a stranger approaches. However, these dogs are not ideal as guards, as aggression towards people is not in their nature..
Bull Terrier and other pets
With other dogs, Bull Terriers can be very aggressive, especially if they were not well socialized at a young age. Uncastrated males are the most aggressive and are not recommended to be kept in the house with other uncastrated males or even neutered males of the dominant types.
It is also better not to keep bull terriers in the same house with other pets. Sometimes, when these dogs grow up with cats from a very young age, they can be on good terms with them, but such a relationship still requires supervision from the owner..
Bull Terrier Care
Bull Terriers have short, smooth coats that are very easy to groom, so these dogs are well suited for people who don’t have time for complex, routine grooming. Wearing a rubber glove weekly is all it takes to groom a bull terrier coat.
Checking the ears and eyes for any signs of irritation from time to time is also important, although this breed is not prone to ear and eye infections.
Dogs of this breed are very clean and do not require regular bathing, so Bull Terriers can be washed as needed. Bull Terriers molt, but not very much. Most Bull Terriers molt twice a year in spring and autumn. During this time, extra grooming will help remove dead hair before it is scattered throughout the house.
Bull Terrier’s nails are very hard and grind off on their own if the dog spends a lot of time outside. If your dog’s claws become too long, they can cause lameness, so it is always worth checking the length of the claws on the animal. The end of the claw should not be lower than the base of the dog’s pad.
Bull Terriers are very athletic dogs that need regular, varied exercise to the maximum extent possible. They can adapt to less physical activity, but in this case, it is necessary to ensure a good balance between the diet and the exertion of the dog, since Bull Terriers tend to be overweight.
If the owner does not pay attention to the physical form of the dog, the Bull Terrier will not engage in self-training and will become rather lazy. Walking regularly is a great way to keep your dog in shape. Bull Terriers make good companions for jogging and hiking.
There are no difficulties in feeding dogs of this breed, you just need to monitor their weight and not allow the relief muscles to become covered with a layer of fat. Your pet’s diet should contain the maximum amount of fat and protein, especially in winter. Don’t let the bull terrier get fat, he should spend a lot of time in active games. On the other hand, if the food is not high in calories, it will badly affect the dog’s health. It is important to maintain balance here, but if the dog leads an active lifestyle, the problem will disappear by itself.
Bull Terrier training
With bull terriers, you can start training classes from three to four months, while with other breeds, you can start from six.
From an athletic point of view, Bull Terriers have no equal among other breeds. They are agile and fast, have a lot of energy compared to dogs of similar configuration and size. Their movements are sweeping, light and wide. This breed has excellent fighting qualities. However, there are also disadvantages, they are stubborn, they may not obey weak-willed owners, are aggressive towards the dog breeder at the time of training.
Bull Terrier health
As for the health of the bull terrier, it was noted that sometimes a weakened immune system caused by a lack of zinc occurs, which manifests itself from puppyhood in the form of acrodermatitis. The disease is accompanied by nervous phenomena and changes in skin color. Small puppies don’t usually survive. In dogs of this breed, skin diseases are not uncommon, especially in individuals of white color, which is also associated with a weakened immune system. Such a dog needs to review the feeding diet and exclude foods that it does not tolerate well. Deafness, inherited from white terriers and Dalmatians, can also occur in the breed, and it is rather difficult to identify a puppy affected by only one ear. It is clear that you cannot use deaf dogs in breeding. Like many terriers, bull terriers can also develop secondary glaucoma, and although most of the cases are surgically corrected, affected dogs cannot be used as sires.
Most often, they have the following diseases:
- Congenital dislocation of the elbow
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Aortic stenosis
- Mast cell cancer (mastocytoma)
- Entropion (turn of the century)
- Ectropion (eversion of the eyelid)
- Sunburn of the skin
- Interdigital dermatitis (pododermatitis)
Bull Terrier Photos
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