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History of the breed
It is impossible to pinpoint the exact date of birth of the Chow Chow, but there is no doubt that similar dogs have already traced their history before our era. Mentions about them were kept in the library of the imperial family of China, in the 3rd century BC. Written sources have not survived to this day.
Dogs came to China from the warlike Mongols, as gifts to the emperor. To those, in turn, the Chow-Chow passed as trophies after fights with Siberian aborigines. The found remains of similar dogs in Siberia speak in favor of this theory. The question of how such an amazing breed appeared is still open..
- Some researchers believe that such an amazing creature could have appeared as a result of mixing the blood of a dog and a polar wolf..
- Another version of the origin of the breed – from a husky and a bear – can only bring a smile.
The gifts of the Mongols remained in the imperial family and the palaces of nobles. But the novelty was soon lost, the increased interest disappeared, and Chow Chows spread throughout the country – right down to the poor huts. Nobody thought about control over the purity of blood. The breed was rescued from the monasteries – Buddhist monks from different regions took care of the selection and breeding of purebred dogs in time, kept detailed records of the pedigrees of black and blue Chow Chows.
The first representatives of the breed appeared in Europe in the 18th century and were considered exotic curiosities. Changed the situation, impressed by the “plush” pet, Queen Victoria, in the middle of the 19th century. Loyal British people took up Her Majesty’s interest and began breeding the breed in 1887. In 1895, a breed standard was adopted and a chow-chow club was organized. In the Old World, the breed began with several dogs purchased from China.
In the Russian Far East, “plush” dogs appeared at the beginning of the 20th century. After the victory in the Great Patriotic War, European specimens were imported from Germany. But domestic chows were able to come up to world standards only by the end of the 1970s – “thoroughbreds” from world-renowned champions were brought to Leningrad.
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Obviously, the name of the Chinese breed should be translated from the Chinese language, but even the Chinese themselves have difficulties with the correct translation – over the long history, both written and spoken language have changed a lot. Therefore, there are several versions:
- “Chow” is “an animal that can be eaten.” Dogs are part of the diet of Koreans, but Chinese food is a delicate matter.
- “Kau” – “dog”. The words sound very similar and this version is more popular..
- “Chaou” – “strong and courageous dog”. The reference to character traits is clear.
- Europeans have also contributed to efforts to find sources of the name. The English word “chow-chow” means an equipped room for transporting these dogs with water.
“Thoroughbreds” are not intended for exotic cuisine – they were used as impeccable watchmen and hunters. Most likely, the result of mixing blood was served on the table.
But in North Korea there are special farms where Chow Chow is bred for restaurants. Dishes from this dog breed are considered a delicacy. Elite restaurants offer tourists a similar menu to order..
Description of the breed
Once you see a chow-chow, it is impossible to forget it. Solid mane, “angry” expression of the muzzle and purple tongue clearly distinguish the dog from the crowd.
- Height at withers – males: from 48 to 56 centimeters, females: from 46 to 51 centimeters.
- Weight – males: from 25 to 32 kilograms, bitches: from 20 to 27 kilograms.
- Life span – from 9 to 12 years old.
- Head – large, with a wide skull. No transition from forehead to muzzle.
- Ears small, dense, rounded, wide apart and leaning forward, which gives the dog a permanent “angry” look.
- Eyes – medium in size, dark. Blue dogs can match the color of the coat.
- Nose – straight, with a large and wide lobe. Black color. In white and fawn dogs it can be light, in blue dogs it can match the color.
- Jaws – strong, palate, lips and gums – black. Tongue – blue-black.
- Housing – proportional, with a strong, voluminous neck. The chest is wide. Arched ribs. Back – short, well developed.
- Front limbs – medium in length, straight, with rounded small paws, fingers are compressed into a ball.
- Hind limbs – well-muscled, not bending forward. It is to them that the breed owes its specific gait..
- Tail – set high.
- Wool – can be of two types. The first is a rough long coat: thick, straight, fluffy, around the neck – a muff, and on the hips – “pants”. The second type is short, uniform, straight, plush to the touch, thick.
- Color – differs: red, black, fawn, blue, white. Variations in shades are possible, but stains are unacceptable. Piebald color is a sign of a mixture of blood. The back of the thighs and bottom of the tail are often lighter than the base shade..
The breed is characterized by intelligence and pride. Self-esteem comes first. Independent, strong-willed dogs. The downside is stubbornness and imperiousness.
Chow-chow character is not a gift for the owner. Finding the right approach to a pet is more difficult than to other breeds. The dog really needs the attention of the human family, but at the same time, they can keep the approval or disapproval with themselves.
Sudden mood swings and lack of restraint in expressing emotions are characteristic of these dogs. They don’t ask for respect, they demand it. The owner will need patience. While exhibiting mood swings, dogs nevertheless have very warm feelings for the owner and, to a lesser extent, for all family members.
It is difficult to assess the behavior of this breed: they love the owner, but try to take a dominant position, they are ready to give their lives for him, but do not seek to please.
Chow Chow will not embarrass any opponent if the owner is in danger. The dog will defend itself without hesitation, using all the advantages: strong jaws, large size, thick hair that protects from wounds.
Representatives of the breed are calm about children, but if a child offends a pet, trust will be lost forever. They are distrustful of strangers – they will not show aggression without a reason, but they will not accept the attention of a stranger.
This problem is solved by raising and socializing the puppy at an early age – in order to understand that aggression is not needed in most situations. It is worth remembering that centuries of working as guard dogs could not help but cultivate aggression as a natural reaction..
Representatives of the breed form an opinion about people and animals at the first meeting, and in the future it remains unchanged: friend, enemy, acquaintance.
Chow-chow chooses the “leader” in the house on his own, the decision cannot be changed. She does not flaunt her tender feelings, but is always ready to help and protect. Restraint in everything: a barely audible whimpering, nose-poking, slight twitching of the tail can serve for the manifestation of emotions. The dog expresses dissatisfaction with a growl, the volume and intensity of which depends on the degree of anxiety.
The pet is sensitive to the mood and state of health of the owner, tries to help and comfort, but absolutely cannot stand excessive emotions and irascibility.
Neatness and cleanliness are inherent in the breed, probably from the time of education in Chinese monasteries. Puppies quickly get used to the toilet, ask to go outside, try not to get dirty. And high self-esteem does not allow one to sink to such platitudes as damage to household things.
- Chow Chow coat requires combing. Once or twice a week. Dogs are sympathetic to the procedure, after which the coat does not tangle and has an elegant look.
- You need to pay attention to remove all particles of dead wool, otherwise it threatens with tangles and skin problems.
- The breed molts twice a year. You don’t need to cut your dog: the coat is a natural skin protection and protection from the sun’s rays. Its absence can lead to sunburn..
- Experts recommend bathing your dog no more than once a month..
It has been noted that males have longer and thicker coat. But she gets the most elegant look from those dogs who spend a lot of time on the street or live in an aviary. In puppies, up to six months of age, instead of wool – fluff, which quickly gets wet and dries for a long time. It is not recommended to bathe babies before the first adult coat at all.
Representatives of the breed do not need serious stress, but daily walks serve to maintain physical fitness. It is impossible to predict the dog’s reaction to events during a walk (those very outbursts of aggression), therefore it is recommended to keep the pet on a leash, fortunately, the Chow-Chow themselves have nothing against him.
A standard collar does not fit “plush”: it deteriorates and the coat is wiped off. A narrow leather or fabric accessory will be a good replacement. A harness will work too.
Long exposure to the sun is contraindicated for “plush” dogs. They need shade and lots of cold water.
A self-respecting dog will not eat for no reason. In addition, the breed’s increased allergy tendencies require particular attention to food. Dry food is not suitable for everyone, you need to reduce the amount of protein and fat in it. Usually breeders use specialized food for allergy-prone dogs or diet food.
A high carbohydrate content provokes skin problems – a dog can comb itself to open wounds, gnaw out fur. Only a strict diet will help.
The opinion that this breed does not lend itself to training and training is seriously entrenched – because of stubbornness. In fact, assimilation of the program is a little slower than in other dogs, but stubbornness is not to blame. Chows are serious dogs. Before executing the command, they will assess who is giving it, why it is needed, whether there is a desire to do what is required. If the answers satisfy the pet, he will execute the command.
The biggest problems await the trainer when working out service commands. The chow-chow is especially bewildered by endurance. The dog cannot understand why it needs to remain in one position for so long. There is no sense – it means that there is no need to perform.
At home, training is almost impossible. Lack of time or experience, lack of confidence will make the pet understand that it is not necessary and not interesting to follow commands. The consequences of such training will be sad – the dog will be confident in its own leadership, and it is unlikely that it will be possible to change its point of view. It is better to initially entrust training to an experienced dog handler.
More difficult to train males. Bitches are more obedient and receptive – they are not disposed to fight for leadership in the pack.
Chow Chows are prone to problems with ligaments and joints – the weight of an adult dog often exceeds the capacity of the limbs. Insufficiently strong ligaments can cause the hock joints to bend forward, unreliable fixation.
Even minor trauma can cause arthritis. If a pet is limping for a long time, veterinarians usually pass a verdict: “Sprain of the joint”, but the lameness can last around a month, and then we are talking about a rupture of ligaments and other serious injuries.
To prevent such problems, you need to develop the ligaments:
- long walks;
- a company of dogs of similar size and build;
And, of course, watch out for the absence of high loads: it is better to exclude jumping from a decent height – stairs, chairs, sofas, benches.
Dermatitis also seriously annoy “plush” dogs. Itching and eczema cause the pet to constantly itch and lick. In the advanced phase, it can cause otitis media. For successful treatment, it is imperative to find out the substance that causes the allergy and remove the appropriate food from the diet.
Revealed a tendency of the breed to the following diseases:
- Distended belly.
- Dysplasia of the pelvis and elbow.
- Eye diseases.
The breed is popular – many people are attracted by the non-standard appearance and behavior of funny pets. High demand contributes to the rise in prices and the emergence of scam breeders offering low-quality dogs for decent money.
Last but not least, the price depends on the purpose of the purchase.
- A domestic dog with defects and signs that are not typical of a thoroughbred will cost around 5000-7000 rubles.
- A puppy without a passport, but with full compliance with the standards, will cost about 20,000-25,000 rubles.
- For an exhibition specimen from a well-known kennel, a descendant of champions, you will have to pay at least 40,000 rubles, and a bitch will cost more than a dog.
List of nurseries
- Il De Bote Khabarovsk – www.ildebote.ru/1.shtml
- Alegro Bravo Arkhangelsk – alegro-bravo.jimdo.com/
- From the Sursky Region, Penza – pitomez.ru/ru/club/show/894/
- Prim from Krasnaya Gorka, Podolsk – www.kennel-prim.narod.ru/
- From the Gradsky Mine, Chelyabinsk – chowdogs.ru/
- Savengri Rostov-on-Don – pitomnik-savengri.blizko.ru/
- Honiland, Ufa – www.honiland.narod.ru/
- Russian Risk Moscow – www.r-risk.ru/
- Сhowshine St. Petersburg – www.chowshine.narod.ru/index.html
Chow Chow Photos