The Doberman has everything: a spectacular bright appearance, perfect body proportions, a lively developed mind, a wonderful protective instinct. And such qualities as devotion and loyalty to the owner are brought to absolute values by the breeders.
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History of the origin of the breed
Today, such a breed as the Doberman is known to everyone without exception. However, quite a few people are familiar with the history of the representatives of this breed. Unfortunately, we are rarely interested in the origin of those who are dear to us, but Dobermans today live in very many families, they are perhaps the most widespread and popular pets.
The homeland of the Doberman is the small German town of Apolda. The breed itself is relatively young, since the beginning of its formation dates back to the middle of the 19th century. The “author” of the breed, by whose name it is called today, is a self-taught dog breeder F. L. Dobermann. It was he who, using the Beauceron (a shepherd’s dog like a shepherd dog), butcher dogs (the ancestors of the Rottweiler), old German pinschers and hunting dogs (including the Weimaraner), created a new breed.
Fame came to the breed pretty quickly: in the 1870s and 1880s, Dobermans were known only in their own town and surroundings, and by the first quarter of the 20th century, the fame of the best wanted dog had already been fixed for them.
The first name of the breed was “Thuringian Pinscher”, later the first professional breeder of the breed proposed a name that preserves the name of the creator: “Doberman Pinscher”. This breed received its name in honor of the person who bred it, namely Ludwig Dobermann. It was not possible to identify the mixture of which species gave such an excellent result, since these events took place a very long time ago, and no documentary evidence has survived to this day. However, scientists suggest that the Doberman Pinscher appeared as a result of crossing Greyhound, Rottweiler, Pinscher, German dogs and possibly some other breeds..
Today the name “Doberman” is enshrined in the FCI standard, and in the USA the dog is still called “Doberman Pinscher”. Since 1900, Dobermans have become an official breed, they have been recognized by the German Kennel Club. This breed was quickly spread all over the world. The fact is that its representatives have an amazing visual appeal, it is simply impossible not to fall in love with these beautiful dogs. They are stately, slender, very “bright” and smart.
Description of the breed
Doberman’s movements are light, elastic. The step is free and sweeping. Running is easy, beautiful, fast.
- The Doberman’s head is strong, proportionate to the body, with well-developed muscles, when viewed from above it resembles a blunt wedge. The muzzle is developed and deep. Mouth gap – up to molars.
- The ears of the dog are set high and carried upright. The ears are cropped in proportion to the size of the head. In countries where cropping is prohibited, uncropped ears are considered equivalent. They should be medium in size with the front edge close to the cheek..
- The Doberman’s eyes are oval, dark, of medium size. Light shade is acceptable for blue and brown dogs. The edges of the eyelids are lowered. Nose in dogs with a well-formed lobe. It can be called broad rather than round. The nostrils are large. In black dogs, the color of the nose is black, in blue and brown animals – a lighter shade.
- The Doberman’s bite is scissor-shaped, the set of teeth is complete (42 teeth). The jaws are wide and strong.
- The body in dogs is distinguished by the protruding height and length of the withers, which determines the ascending (from the croup) direction of the topline.
- The chest is wide and convex in front. The length and width of the chest are in the correct ratio to the length of the body, the depth of the chest is approximately equal to half the height at the withers. The back of the Doberman is strong and short, the lumbar and dorsal regions are muscular and wide.
- The forelegs of the dog are perpendicular to the ground, well developed. Paws are short, protruding fingers – in a ball (“cat’s paw”). Nails black, short.
- The hind limbs of the Doberman are distinguished by pronounced musculature of the thighs. Hind legs are strong and straight, parallel. Femora long and wide, angle to horizontal: 80-85 °. The legs are of medium length, commensurate with the total length of the limbs. The toes of the hind legs are short, convex, tightly closed. The nails are short and black.
- The tail is set high. It is docked briefly, leaving two visible vertebrae.
- The Doberman’s coat has no undercoat, it is thick, short and stiff. The coat evenly covers the body of the dog, fitting tightly and smoothly.
The color is dark brown or black. Until recently there was a blue variant, but today it has been removed from the standard. The tan-red, rusty-red tan markings must be clean and well-defined. The location of the markings: on the face, spots on the upper eyelids and cheeks, two spots on the chest, on the throat, on the paws, metatarsals and pasterns, on the inner side of the thighs, around the anus and on the ischial tubercles.
A Doberman dog should be of medium size, muscular and strong build, but not overly massive. With elegant lines of his body, proud and slender posture, temperamental demeanor and decisive action, he matches the ideal image of a dog with normal anatomy.
The Doberman is generally friendly, peaceful, very attached to the family and loves children. Moderate temperament, mild viciousness, and mild excitability are preferred. Along with obedience and hard work, a Doberman should pay attention to the presence of a protective and combat instinct, courage and firmness of character. Self-confidence and fearlessness while maintaining a sensitive attitude towards others are of particular importance for assessment.
Dobermans are credited with being angry and agitated, nervous and almost hysterical. A dog cannot have such qualities from birth. Where do the legs of such myths come from? It’s all about the vigor, liveliness of the dog, the sensitivity of its reactions to what is happening.
This reputation with this breed stems from the fact that these dogs were often used as guard dogs, but mainly because of their size and strength. However, Dobermans usually attack only when they feel that their family or property is in danger.
If in a family where a Doberman lives, squabbles and quarrels are a common thing, and the owners sometimes hiss at the dog, taking out their anger, then rush with affection – most likely, the Doberman will grow up unbalanced. When comparing Dobermans with dogs of other breeds, such as: German Shepherds, Pit Bulls, Rottweilers or Alaskan Malamutes, they are much less likely to attack a person than the dogs of the breeds listed above.
If the Doberman is properly trained to be a family pet, then there is no danger of the Doberman becoming part of your family. You won’t find a more loyal dog who can also be a good guard if you need it..
Dobermans get along well with already grown children when puppies appear in the house. They are extremely intelligent and learn very quickly, and they always try to please their owners.
Dobermans differ in temperament more than dogs of other breeds. Some are more family oriented, others more focused on one specific person. Some Dobermans tend to be aggressive towards other dogs, while others are very submissive. Males are generally less dominant and stubborn than females.
However, since Dobermans are very intelligent and easily trainable dogs, with proper training, a Doberman of almost any nature can make a good pet and a reliable but safe watchdog.
For phlegmatic people, the Doberman will not work as a companion. Doberman needs active walks, exercises, physical and intellectual activity. Not getting what he needs, the Doberman will start playing pranks at home.
Proper upbringing will reveal all the best qualities of a Doberman. He will feel when the owner’s mood changes, he will pick up any shades of voice. For a Doberman, the owner is almost a god, so the dog’s joy after any, even a short separation, is boundless! Rapid leaps and a real, joyful grin of a toothy mouth are the most obvious signs. It’s no exaggeration to say that the Doberman is ideal as a companion. This is a wise, strong and intelligent dog that you will be truly proud of!
It is important to remember that aggressive games such as tug-of-war and wrestling should be avoided in the case of Dobermans. Dobermans sometimes make overly ferocious defenders. Individuals of this breed have an instinctive urge to protect and protect. Of the games, those that are aimed at developing intelligence in dogs are much more preferable. Dobermans are indispensable participants in the dog show.
Dobermans from a very early age get used to communicating with people and in the future they become nice house dogs. However, most of them only recognize the owner. They are good at playing with children if they grow up with them..
If you are an emotional and strong nature, with creative inclinations and developed taste, then the Doberman is “your” breed. They are excellent detectives, excellent watchmen, rescuers and heroic participants in the Second World War. At first glance, their military exploits are fantastic. American films have built the Doberman’s reputation as a “killer dog.” Do not take it seriously, for no reason the Doberman does not attack. His unsurpassed qualities of a bodyguard, developed by training and education, are manifested only when the owner is in real danger.
Doberman and other pets
Doberman is a dog that requires education, then they do not have unreasonable aggression. It all depends on the specific dog and the correct acquaintance with other animals in the house. Dobermans get along well with other pets when puppies appear in the house..
Doberman Pinscher Care
Usually, a Doberman does not need any special care if he is healthy and in good shape. If the puppy gets in the rain, dry it off with a towel. You do not need to wash your dog unless it is very dirty. They shed, but not very much.
If you need a shower, choose a warm day for it. Before bathing the Doberman is recommended to comb to get rid of dead hair. After bathing, dry it well with a dry towel. Doberman’s toenails should be trimmed regularly.
They love it when the owner keeps them company for jogging and walking. Dobermans are also quite good at dog competitions. The Doberman’s participation in various canine activities helps the Doberman stay in shape and also provides the necessary mental workload.
The dog may develop dandruff where the collar is put on. A high-quality shampoo or the introduction of a dessert spoon of vegetable oil into the diet will help.
From the deep-set eyes of the Doberman, you need to remove the discharge accumulating in the corners. Use a clean, soft cloth.
The main thing that needs to be taken into account when making up the Doberman’s diet is the characteristics of the breed, namely: a large muscle mass with a dry type of constitution, a strong skeleton, a stormy temperament. There should be no lack of protein in the diet! Of meat, beef is preferable, chicken, turkey, horse meat are acceptable. Do not give pork! Is that low-fat and well-cooked.
Such dogs lend themselves very well to training, are extremely loyal to their master, so they can live both in an apartment and in a private house, they will feel good where the person involved in education is. Thanks to their well-developed muscles, dexterity and quick wit, they can serve as wonderful guards. If your house is guarded by such a vigilant watchman, you can sleep peacefully, no one outsider will even be able to come close.
Doberman dog owners say it is a real pleasure to train this dog. He works hard and willingly, is full of passion and passion. You don’t have to keep him on fast food for a couple of days before going to the training area to use the food as a reward. Doberman pinscher is pleased with any activities, if they are built interestingly and wisely. For a dog with a developed intellect, the exercises themselves are reward.
Doberman Pinscher has pretty good health, and proper cultivation and nutrition is the key to infrequent meetings with a veterinarian. Since the Doberman is a large dog, after 15 months a test for hip dysplasia is necessary. Possible liver problems. Dobermans live on average about 12-13 years.
Doberman Pinschers are usually healthy and strong dogs. However, they are prone to the following diseases:
- Dysplasia of the hip joint
- Elbow dysplasia
- Bloating (volvulus)
- Compression of the cervical vertebrae (Wobbler syndrome)
- Extended cardiomyopathy
- Von Willebrand disease
- Cutaneous histiocytoma
- Hair loss
- Licked granuloma
- Chronic hepatitis
- Portosystemic shunt
Less commonly, Dobermans have the following diseases:
- Intervertebral disc disease (spinal discs)
- Atrial septal defect
- Primary seborrhea
- Colored mutational alopecia
- Congenital deafness
- Nose depigmentation
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