Taking responsibility for the life and health of the pet, the owners must understand that the dog, as well as the person, will need daily hygienic care. Many people often miss the point that a dog’s oral cavity needs to be looked after. If some hygiene procedures are not followed, then in the future this can lead to a number of difficulties. Therefore, let’s find out how to properly care for the oral cavity in dogs, what can be done at home, and in which cases you should seek help from a specialist.
The content of the article:
- 1. How many times and how often should you brush your dog’s teeth at home
- 2. How to brush your dog’s teeth at home
- 3. How to brush your dog’s teeth at home?
- 4. Variety of toothpastes for dogs
- 5. Cleaning your dog’s teeth with ultrasound
- 6. How to train your dog to brush its teeth
- 7. How to brush your dog’s teeth at home – step by step instructions
- 8. How to brush teeth for large breed dogs
- 9. How to brush teeth for small dogs?
- 10. How is dental calculus removed in dogs?
- 11. General recommendations for oral care in dogs of various breeds
- 12. Video
How many times and how often should you brush your dog’s teeth at home
Everyone knows that if a person does not brush his teeth, it will lead to a number of dental problems. Also threatens the four-legged friend. It is recommended to brush your dog’s teeth at home daily. If you can’t brush your teeth every day, then it should be done at least twice a week. At what age should a dog brush his teeth? Puppies require less oral care. This is due to the fact that they have milk teeth up to 4 months, which are replaced by permanent ones by the age of six months. Then it is worth starting to care for the oral cavity.
How to brush your dog’s teeth at home
Before you start brushing your teeth, you need to prepare carefully. For regular cleaning of the mouth you will need: a special toothbrush, toothpaste, a brush for massaging the gums. If you do not have a dog’s toothbrush, a human toothbrush will do, but it should be borne in mind that the brush for dogs has softer nap, so you should brush it gently to avoid damaging the gums. For teaching a dog to brush its teeth, a children’s silicone brush, which is worn on a finger, or a bandage is suitable.
How to brush your dog’s teeth at home?
You can find several different types of toothbrushes for dogs at the pet store..
- Brush with an extended handle. Such a brush will be required in order to thoroughly brush the teeth deep in the mouth..
- Three-sided brush. This brush will help you clean your teeth from all sides due to the fact that it has three flexible tips on different sides.
- Gum massager. A special brush that looks like a fingertip. It can be used to massage the dog’s gums in order to avoid bleeding..
- The electric toothbrush. This brush should be used only after the dog gets used to mechanical cleaning of teeth..
You need to change your toothbrush at least once every 5 months. It is also worth replacing the brush when used during a dog’s illness..
In order not to harm your pet during hygiene procedures, a toothbrush should be chosen carefully. It is worth considering the quality of the toothbrush, the softness of the nap and pay attention to the sensitivity of the pet’s gums.
Variety of toothpastes for dogs
Many veterinarians advise against brushing a dog’s teeth with human toothpaste. It is unfortunately not suitable for dogs. Regular paste contains a lot of xylitol, sulfates and other additives that will be harmful to the dog’s body. After all, the dog will not be able to rinse his mouth and spit out its contents. Therefore, a paste that can be swallowed should be applied to the animal. For dogs, more gentle formulations are being developed that, if swallowed, will not harm the body. Dog paste is not like human paste. The main difference is that it does not foam. This is precisely due to the composition. Also, there is a significant difference in the shape of the toothpaste. For dogs, the paste is available in the form of: gel, wipes, spray, tablets. The choice of shape depends on the degree of mouth contamination and the preferences of the animal itself. It is much easier for a pet to chew on a pill than to undergo a full brushing procedure. Toothpaste for dogs often contains fragrances that the dogs enjoy. Most often, pasta smells like an inviting meat smell..
Cleaning your dog’s teeth with ultrasound
If the owner does not properly follow the rules of hygiene for the dog’s oral cavity, then soon his pet will need the help of a veterinarian-dentist. You should brush your teeth with ultrasound no more than once a year. This procedure is performed under light anesthesia. Can you do without anesthesia? The veterinarian will not answer you positively to this question, since during ultrasonic cleaning the dog will not lie still and wait for the end of the procedure. Also, your beloved pet will be able to get scared and show aggression. This cleaning is needed in order to clean the dog’s teeth from strong plaque and tartar. No special preparation is required, you just need not feed the dog a couple of hours before the procedure.
How to train your dog to brush its teeth
From early childhood, the puppy needs to be taught to brush his teeth. The sooner you start this, the easier it will be for your dog to get used to this procedure. Not every pet will like the fact that someone is reaching into his mouth with his hands. Be patient and persistent. Do not forget to use an affectionate tone, praise the dog for perseverance and obedience. You can motivate with a tasty treat before or after brushing your teeth. We start with the basics, trying to stroke the teeth in the dog’s mouth with our fingers. Next, we wrap the bandage in several layers, dip it in clean warm water and wipe our teeth.
Observe the following rules during training:
- Train your dog to brush his teeth gradually. For example, start once every two weeks and gradually work up the number of treatments to 2 times every 7 days..
- Clean at the same time, such as after an evening or morning meal.
- Always talk to your pet when brushing.
- When the first signs of aggression appear, it is necessary to interrupt the procedure and calm the animal.
- Every time after brushing your teeth, be sure to praise your pet, stroke, give him his favorite toys or treats.
By following these rules, your pet will be able to get used to brushing much faster..
How to brush your dog’s teeth at home – step by step instructions
In order to have an idea of how the teeth are cleaned in dogs at home, we recommend watching the training video at the bottom of the page. After you see the whole process, it will be easier for you to understand the instructions for brushing your teeth..
How to brush teeth for large breed dogs
- Tune in to the positive. Don’t scold or raise your tone
- Place the dog in a comfortable position (sitting)
- If necessary, then fix the pet.
- Pet the animal.
- Gently pull back the upper lip on the desired side and clean the teeth of plaque, brushing from top to bottom.
- Do the same procedure on the other side of the upper lip and with the front teeth..
- Gently pull back your lower lip and brush up plaque from your teeth..
- To brush the back teeth from the inside, place the bristles of the brush from the inside of the dog’s jaw and try to make a scrubbing motion..
- Examine the animal’s mouth. If there are minor lesions on the gums, treat them with hydrogen peroxide. Apply a soothing agent as needed.
- Praise your pet. Give him your favorite toy or treat.
How to brush teeth for small dogs?
The smallest representatives of dogs also need to brush their teeth, and even more thoroughly than the rest. The structure of the mouth of a Spitz, York, Toy Terrier differs in that it is more narrowed and because of this, the teeth are closer. How can you do this at home? How can such small dogs get into the mouth?
The main points of our instructions will not change. The main difference is that small breed dogs will find it difficult to brush their teeth while sitting. It is better to put a small dog on the table, fix it if necessary. You can resort to the help of relatives. Otherwise, all points of the plan remain the same..
How is dental calculus removed in dogs?
Tartar is common in dogs. This is due to several factors: neglect of hygiene procedures, heredity, the use of sweet foods, a small amount of solid food in the pet’s diet, high acidity of saliva. Tartar is formed from loose plaque, which must be cleaned off regularly. If the disease is neglected, the pet’s condition may worsen.
The process of cleaning tartar is very painful, so it is often performed under anesthesia. Anesthesia is necessary for dogs that show aggression, animals with an unstable psyche, representatives of guard breeds. Before anesthesia, the veterinarian will examine you and send you for additional examinations (X-ray, ECG, blood test).
Brushing your teeth with ultrasound is a more modern procedure. It allows you to quickly and effectively get rid of tartar. At the end of the procedure, the oral cavity is treated with disinfectants. Anti-inflammatory or antibacterial therapy is prescribed if necessary.
Mechanical cleaning of teeth to remove tartar is a cheaper procedure, but also less effective. This cleaning is always performed under anesthesia, since it is more painful. A special device manually removes the accumulated deposits on the teeth. After the procedure, the oral cavity is also disinfected. The disadvantage of this procedure is that from mechanical stress, microcracks form on the teeth, in which plaque then accumulates much faster.
Some dogs of small breeds have a predisposition to the formation of dental calculus in the oral cavity, due to the fact that the structure of their mouths are narrow and the teeth are closer together. These dogs include Yorkies, Spitz, Toy Terriers. They will need more preventative care than other dogs.
General recommendations for oral care in dogs of various breeds
You have already realized that caring for a dog’s oral cavity requires additional effort on the part of the owner. We must not forget that dental health can affect the general condition of the animal. You should be careful and patient and use different methods of cleaning your teeth if necessary. Which way to use – each owner chooses independently, focusing on his pet. If you can’t train your dog to brush your teeth, try other training methods or contact a training specialist for help..