Even with proper care and constant care of the owner, the life of any active animal can be accompanied by various injuries. They start as small scratches and end in painful bites. While walking, the animal can also cut itself on shards of glass or sharp iron. Each breed has its own characteristics. If one can suffer from sharp wire or metal pieces, then the other – from plants with thorns and thorns (Chinese crested).
However, not only a four-legged pet can be exposed to external influences, but also the owner himself. Often this happens during the game, and in an unfavorable set of circumstances – when he is aggressively disposed towards you. This mood is for the most part characteristic of stray dogs, which, moving in whole packs, make anyone vulnerable.
Today we will discuss how to care for dog sores and cuts, and what to do if the dog scratches you or your baby. The topic is relevant in that the existing skin defects act as a gateway for the penetration of bacteria into deeper layers of tissues and directly into the blood.
The content of the article:
Wounds on the canine body can be found on the pads, eyeballs, abdomen, and nose. They can be obtained both in the process of domestic exposure and in contact with other animals.
It is recommended that you regularly examine your pet for cuts, open wounds, abrasions and bruises. Timely detection of such injuries is an effective way to prevent primary and secondary infections..
Treating scratches on your dog’s body
The treatment of damaged skin depends on the degree of the damaged integrity. Minor abrasions and wounds are not associated with significant changes and do not progress. They heal quickly and do not bother the animal. It will be enough to use an antiseptic. Next, you can apply a bandage. Try to change it every day.
Scratched paw pad
Dog pads on the paws are thick enough and have a protective function. When they are injured, recovery can take quite a long time.
If the pillows are damaged, adhere to the following.
- Remove hair over a scratch or wound surface. This is especially true for long-haired breeds..
- Rinse the pad with excess running water to remove trapped debris, dirt, and foreign objects.
- If the abrasion is accompanied by bleeding, try to stop it with gauze pads or other clean material at hand. Do not use cotton pads, as this can lead to the penetration of small fibers of cotton into the wound and its subsequent suppuration..
- Treat scratched skin on your feet with an antiseptic. It can be chlorhexidine solution, hydrogen peroxide or furacilin solution.
- The last step is to change your antibacterial dressings daily. Levomekol is especially effective in its application. Use fixing materials to prevent the dog from ripping off the bandage. Even a children’s sock will fit them..
- Monitor the condition of the wounds and ensure that the pet does not remove the bandage and lick the wound. If you do not have this opportunity, put a special collar on your pet.
- If pus appears and there is no effect of the treatment, contact the veterinary clinic.
The dog scratched the eye
Traumatic eye damage in dogs is common. How do you know if a dog’s eye has been scratched? Pay attention to your pet’s behavior. It can be restless, the animal may even keep people away from it. The dog may scratch its eye and squint, which is especially pronounced in the first hours after the injury. Further, profuse lacrimation may appear, the eye may turn red. Since a large number of microbes accumulate under the claws, in the future this can lead to the addition of an infection and the development of an inflammatory process.
The fluid from the eyes will become purulent. The development of such a process should not be allowed, since this can lead to violations on the part of the organ of vision, up to and including its loss. If your dog’s eye is scratched, the first thing to do is contact the veterinary service.
Dog First Aid Kit
Starting a dog, every new owner should be aware of the responsibility for his pet. In life, unforeseen situations often arise when first aid must be provided independently. That is why it is recommended that every dog breeder has a first aid kit with him. Its composition may vary, however, the main components include the following.
- dressing material (bandages, cotton wool, gauze napkins);
- antiseptic solutions;
- hemostatic sponge (effective for bleeding);
- dioxidine (antimicrobial agent);
- alcohol-containing drugs – camphor alcohol;
- pain pills;
- ear drops;
- physiological 0.9% solution;
- medicinal shampoo for the prevention and treatment of parasitic diseases;
- antibacterial drugs in the form of ointments and tablets.
Many are familiar with a number of these drugs, but not everyone is fully aware of their effects..
|Perhydrol (hydrogen peroxide)||Brilliant green solution||Iodine-containing substances|
|Antiseptic agent used for the primary treatment of wounds. Has the ability to mechanically clean fabric.||Used externally as an antiseptic for treating skin.||Iodine alcohol solution is used as an antiseptic and irritant. Effective in inflammatory processes of both skin and mucous membranes.|
Wound-healing agents are especially widespread among dog breeders. They come in various forms:
- solutions for subsequent external use.
Indicated for use on wounds larger than 2.5 cm.
Like any living creature, each breed and its individual representative have a number of characteristics. For example, someone suffers from allergies, and someone from a convulsive syndrome. The first aid kit must have first aid supplies for all cases that can potentially happen to your pet. To clarify the required amount of drugs, contact the veterinary clinic.
What to do if a dog scratches you
If you are attacked by a dog, the risk of contracting one or another infection is minimal. However, a number of preventive measures are recommended. Even a pet has a large amount of dirt and pathogenic microorganisms under the nails. They are capable of causing a number of diseases dangerous to humans – tetanus, rabies.
What if you get scratched with claws or even teeth? In this case, it is sufficient to treat the wound if it is small in size. Use a topical antiseptic such as chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide, or brilliant green.
There are a number of things you can do before the medical staff arrives. Use a towel or tissues to stop bleeding. Next, rinse the wound with copious amounts of water. This is especially important if dirt has been introduced into it, which can subsequently lead to the development of infection. Then use a bandage, and in its absence – any available clean material that will help to isolate the wound from the external environment. A T-shirt or scarf is suitable as such material..
Frenzy through the scratch
Human infection with rabies occurs through dog saliva. In rare cases, this is possible through a scratch. At the same time, the chance of getting a rabies virus is extremely negligible. For this, saliva must deliberately fall on the claws, and then into the bloodstream. It is also unrealistic to become infected with rabies if bitten by a dog or bitch who has been vaccinated against this virus. The risk of contracting rabies increases if they scratch a person’s skin with their teeth. This is due to the fact that direct contact with the animal’s saliva is possible..
Damage to the skin and mucous membranes occurs in humans and animals. Regardless of the location, it is necessary to treat the injured areas. This will avoid the development of complications and is important for the prevention of primary infections.
If your skin has been damaged by animal claws, which is often the case even during normal playing with pets, it is recommended to wash the wound and treat it. Also make sure your dog is vaccinated.
If your pet is injured – for example, on a walk – also treat the damaged area. To avoid the development of serious complications, it is necessary to use the services of a specialist.