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History of the breed
The first images of the Afghan Hound were discovered in 1809 in India and published in England four years later. For a long time there have been disputes about the origin of the breed. There were plenty of versions – from a multi-thousand-year history dating back to Ancient Egypt to the original genetic material for all modern greyhounds. Not a single theory has been confirmed.
It is no longer possible to determine which dogs served as the basis for the Afghan hound, just like the date of appearance. A large, strong dog has distinctive features due to the climatic characteristics of the homeland. Very thin and long hair was formed from the indigenous representatives of the breed living in the highlands of Afghanistan. Climatic features also explain the short hair on the protruding muzzle, back and upper side of the tail.
At home, there are at least five types of Afghan hounds. The classification depends on the habitat and color. But while recognizing different subtypes, European breeders only recognize two types:
- Desert – dogs living in the south and west of Afghanistan, in desert areas. This species is characterized by lean, light shades and a rarer coat..
- Mountain – representatives of the highlands of the north of the country, more compact, dark colors and with thick wool.
The variety in size, addition, color and length of wool is due to the unique nature of Afghanistan – in a small area there are different climatic conditions, traditions and way of life – nature and people have adapted dogs for these features.
The breed was discovered in Afghanistan, but initially similar dogs lived in other Asian countries – Iran, India, Pakistan.
Afghan peasants use greyhounds as guard dogs and herding dogs, and the shaggy, graceful animals do this job perfectly. For its intended purpose – as a hunting dog – for many years the Afghan hound has been used by the rulers and high-ranking officials of this country, who have kept huge packs for hunting for centuries.
The Afghan hound chases the game, seeing it, and the hunters are already galloping after the dog. The speed of the dog is higher, therefore, at long distances, greyhounds broke away from people and drove the beast on their own, without prompting from a person. Largely due to this, a distinctive feature has developed in the Afghan hounds: independence and independence.
There were many ways of hunting with this breed of dogs – everything depended on the desires of the hunter, traditions, locality, type of game. Greyhounds participated in the paddock alone, in pairs, in packs, in tandem with hunting birds. There were no animals in Afghanistan that a greyhound could not hunt. Mountain deer, lowland antelopes, hares, jackals, snow leopards – the dog followed any animal with the same passion. They were even used for taking off partridges and quails – for gun hunting and for hunting birds, and in the extraction of marmots, appreciated by local residents, the greyhound can compete on equal terms with terriers.
The Afghan Hound has impressive speed on straight sections, but its main advantage is sharp maneuvers on rough terrain – the dog performs jumps and changes of direction easily and gracefully, without slowing down the pace of running. The breed has enough endurance to drive any game to the bitter end.
In Europe, namely England, “Afghans” arrived after a series of Indo-Afghan clashes at the end of the 19th century, in which the soldiers of “the empire over which the sun never sets” took an active part. The dogs were brought to the continent and islands by British officers and military personnel. The dog’s eye-catching eyes were immediately noted at various exhibitions. They were positioned precisely as “Afghan hounds”.
In 1907, when an elegant dog with the characteristic features of “Afghans”, long hair and a dark mask on the face was brought from Persia, British connoisseurs immediately decided: an Afghan hound should look just like that. But the development of the breed was prevented by the First World War. Afghan hounds have practically disappeared in Europe.
Modern representatives of the breed originate from the greyhounds introduced to Scotland in 1920 and are associated with the name of the British officer J. Bell Murray. It was he, together with his wife, who was engaged in breeding the breed while in Baluchistan (at the beginning of the 20th century – an independent state, now part of Pakistan). Returning to his homeland, he brought a whole group of Afghan hounds, most of which were representatives of the “desert” species – lungs, not having a very thick coat.
For a decade, English breeders have been forming the breed based on the Bell Murray line. In 1925, the gene pool was replenished – from her own nursery in Kabul, Mary Emps transported to Britain a group of “mountain” greyhounds – strong, short dogs with thick hair. From them came another line of the breed – “Ghazni”.
In the USA, in the Studbook, the first records of Afghan hounds appeared in 1926. These were the Bell Murray dogs taken to the New World. But a little later, in 1931, the Ghazni greyhound lines also came to America. From mixing these two lines, the American version of the Afghan Hound is obtained.
In 1948, the “Afghans” standard was finally adopted, which included the distinctive properties of dogs obtained from mixing the lines “Bell Murray” and “Ghazni”.
The spectacular appearance and graceful lynx of the Afghan Hound influenced the breed to become a “show” breed. The creative nature of these dogs does not allow them to perform tasks exactly, but the way the animals obey is beyond praise.
We have confidently occupied the niche of companion dogs. Thick coat and increased independence will not suit everyone, but if the owner and the pet find each other, a more devoted friend will not be found.
The export of the breed from the country is prohibited by the authorities of Afghanistan.
Description of the breed
It is recommended to train the Afghan Hound in basic commands. This set is enough for a city or country dog. [/сolor-box]
To participate in exhibitions, you have to learn additional commands and stands. Praise and encouragement is recommended during exercise. Greyhound should like the process – otherwise, she will just go about her business.
The rules for raising a puppy are the same as for other breeds – show a bed, a toilet, instill norms of behavior.
Disposition to disease
- Problems with heart.
- Spinal cord lesions.
- Impaired nose pigment.
- Eye diseases.
Club puppies from parents with diplomas of international champions will cost from 40,000 to 50,000 rubles. The price tag for a puppy from parents-champions of the country or without the right to breed will range from 20,000 to 30,000 rubles.
Afghan Hound puppies do not have the grace and grace of an adult, they do not show signs of the breed. Therefore, you need to buy a baby either in proven nurseries, or with the assistance of a third-party specialist.
The best choice would be the most curious puppy trying to make contact right away.
For home keeping, a puppy can be taken at the age of two to three months, and for visiting exhibitions it is better to take a teenager in which signs of the breed are already visible.
List of nurseries
- Eternity Moscow – www.afilana.ru/rus/care.php
- Salam Isfahan Moscow – www.alvas.ru/isfahan.htm
- Elkhor Afghani Moscow – www.alvas.ru/elxor.htm
Afghan Hound Photo