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History of the origin of the breed
The Alaskan Malmouth is a very ancient breed, it first appeared in Alaska. This name was given to it in honor of the Alaskan Malmouth tribe, who lived in this area several centuries ago. This breed of dog does an excellent job in a team, that is, in a team and is used mainly as a sled dog. Representatives of this breed are very large, sixty-three, seventy centimeters tall, weighing up to sixty-six kilograms, they are hardy and very strong. With such a four-legged friend, it is not scary to go on an expedition, since he will never leave his master in trouble.
The breed owes its name to the local tribe, whose members harnessed these dogs to the sledges. The tribe lived in the upper reaches of the Anvik River (Alaska). Dogs were intended to transport significant loads over long distances, and at a high and stable speed, the Gold Rush of 1896 provided Alaskan Malamutes with considerable demand and popularity in the whole region. Today there are two varieties of this breed: M’lut and Kotzebue. The first one is distinguished by more significant sizes and a variety of colors, while the second is characterized by a wolf-like coat color along with less pronounced physical parameters.
Malamutes are unusually hardy, so they, like sled dogs, have been participants in many expeditions to the North Pole. Since then, worldwide fame has come to them. With the advent of snowmobiles, Malamutes are now less used for riding, but they remain a very popular breed..
Since the early 20th century, the Alaskan Malamute has been widely used in the United States as a guide dog. This breed came to Europe only 50 years later and immediately acquired its fans there..
Description of the breed
Malamutes look like a wolf and as a result, many believe that it has a ferocious appearance. However, Malamutes are usually friendly and cheerful dogs. They love games, they love the master, they love the family of the owner … and they love almost all members of the human race as well. But if the owner has an indecisive character, malamutes try to dominate him and can brawl.
Size: height 58-71 cm, weight 39-56 kg
The usual color is from light gray through intermediate tones to black; the lower part of the body, partly legs, legs and part of the markings on the muzzle are always white. Markings should be in the form of a cap on the head and / or a mask on the muzzle. A white blaze on the forehead and / or a collar or chest patch is attractive and acceptable, but isolated body patches or washed out color “smudges” are undesirable. It is necessary to distinguish between black-and-back dogs and dogs with blurred markings. The only allowed solid color is pure white.
- Head. The head should be indicative of high intelligence; very broad and powerful compared to other root breeds, but in proportion to the size of the dog so that the overall appearance does not seem awkward or rude.
- Paws. The shoulder blades are moderately oblique, the forelegs are strongly boned and muscular, straight to the pastern, short and strong and almost vertical when viewed from the side. The paws are large, compact, the toes are tightly knit and arched, the pads are dense and thick, the nails are short and strong. There should be protective hair between the toes.
- The hind legs are broad, with powerful muscles on the thighs, the angle of the knee joint is moderate, the joints are wide and strong, the angles are moderate; metatarsus sufficiently lowered. When viewed from behind, the hind legs should not appear to be barrel-curved; in movement and standing they should be strictly parallel to the forelegs, not wider or narrower than the last. The legs of the Malamute exhibit extraordinary strength and tremendous pushing power. Any sign of unhealthy posture or limb movement of the Malamute should be considered a serious defect. Dewclaws on the hind feet are undesirable and should be removed soon after puppies are born.
- Tail. Set on a medium level, the root continues the line of the spine, well furred, raised above the dorsal line, without forming a ring lying on it and not resembling a fox; rather like a fluttering plume.
Alaskan Malamute personality
Alaskan Malmouth needs constant physical activity, it needs space and constant movement in order not to lose shape and feel good. Its color ranges from light gray to jet black with white spots on the muzzle. As a rule, the only color that can be spotless is white. They are very beautiful and intelligent dogs, who do not care about severe winters and heavy snowfalls..
Alaskan Malamute is naturally adapted to live in cold climates. These dogs feel most comfortable in the suburbs or in the countryside. With a violent and energetic disposition, they need experienced owners. Nevertheless, Alaskan Malamutes accept strangers quite calmly, get along well with children, as, indeed, with all the other members of the owner’s family. Individuals of this breed love to run, do some work, and walk. They require a fair amount of physical activity. For the best content, a fairly spacious and necessarily fenced area is best suited.
The head of the Alaskan Malmouth is well developed and massive, but still it does not have rough shapes. What is most important in this breed is the eyes, looking into which you can see a completely meaningful, almost human look. No wonder they say that the eyes are the mirror of the soul, apparently, these dogs are really very understanding and kind. They are perfectly trainable, disciplined and extremely affectionate.
Alaskan Malamutes are very energetic dogs, intelligent and highly trainable. They are gentle and loving animals. This breed, as a rule, never barks for no reason, but can make strange sounds, often “talking” with the owner for a long time.
Although, the most comfortable malamute will feel in the countryside. These dogs need a firm, decisive owner, as dogs are distinguished by their violent disposition.
Malamute perceives strangers very calmly, with children it also gets along pretty well. Malamutes are very strong animals and can handle even heavy weight. They can use their strength when walking on a leash. Anyone who is unable to resist this force should not walk alone with the Malamute. This rule applies primarily to children..
Malamute is a working dog, therefore, he will not sit in one place, for individuals of this breed it is necessary to run, jump and frolic. And puppies of the Alaskan Malamute attract with their appearance, they are very much like teddy bears.
Malamute is, first of all, a strong and resilient dog. However, in breeding, it was not only the working qualities of the dogs that were important, but also their ability to get along with people. Today, the aggressiveness and fearfulness of the representative of this breed is still considered a vice. Such dogs are not suitable for breeding. Malamutes love to make decisions on their own and do not behave like “Always ready”. Especially if the owner insists on absolute submission.
This dog is very friendly towards people, there are absolutely no guardian qualities in it. Things are different with the hunting instinct. Walking without a leash is possible only after completing the Malamute training course. With a lack of physical activity, the dog may show a tendency to wander.
Malamute estimates its surroundings with high accuracy, quickly identifies the weaknesses of its owner. This is despite the fact that, by nature, Malamutes are not aggressive towards humans. His stubbornness can lead an impatient person into a state of resentment, and his self-confidence and equanimity can make trying to raise a Malamute a test of patience.
It so happens that Alaskan Malamutes refuse to obey their masters. Fortunately, there are cases when refusal to follow the order of the owner of sled Alaskan Malamutes saved the lives of their owners. Thus, such free thinking is not always a negative trait in dogs of this breed.
Alaskan Malamute is distinguished by high intelligence and extraordinary activity. This is a friendly, affectionate dog, although it has a fairly independent disposition. Malamutes live on average 12 years.
Alaskan Malamutes are very friendly, despite the fact that they do not like living together with other pets, they will react positively to the arrival of a new family member.
It is worth noting that Alaskan Malamute puppies are much more energetic than adult dogs. As they age, Alaskan Malamutes often turn into measured and calm pets, especially when they get enough attention and exercise.
Alaskan Malamute is a working breed, such dogs simply need constant employment. They love stress and active pastime. If you do not have a sled, try to provide your pet with long walks with games such as chasing, etc. They love to skateboard. For people who prefer an active lifestyle, travel and adventure, the Alaskan Malamute will become a loyal and reliable companion.
Alaskan Malamute and other pets
Malamute is very disliked by cats and other small pets.
Malamute is a gregarious animal. Although this can be said about any other dog, the Malamute is used to life in a pack. In the Arctic, they are always kept in a group. The need for communication in this breed is especially strong.
The Alaskan Malamute is less in need of life among fellow tribesmen than, for example, the husky. He can, with close contact with family members, do without sharing with other dogs.
Alaskan Malamute Care
Alaskan Malamutes have a thick coat that needs regular grooming. These dogs should be brushed at least several times a week. It is also worth taking care of your dog’s teeth, brush your malamute teeth at least three times a week. Also, trim your dog’s claws in time.
Alaskan Malamutes molt twice a year. During this period, the dog drops out a large amount of hair in clumps, but do not worry, this is normal.
The Malamute has a very thick coat and must be combed out. Twice a year, in spring and autumn, the Malamute sheds heavily.
In a public place, it is best to keep the malamute on a leash because he may not want to follow your command. Also, the owner needs to have sufficient strength, because if the malamute makes a dash, he can drag you very far. Malamutes are always alert and ready to rush after prey.
Finally, Malamutes are very fond of digging. Therefore, if you have a house with a garden, think carefully about what is more dear to you.
Don’t worry about bathing these dogs either. In fact, even in hot weather, the Alaskan Malamute does not need a bath. Dry shampoo can be used once every two months. However, in general, these dogs take care of their own coat cleanliness. At the same time, Alaskan Malamutes do not have a bad smell and are not dirty..
The breed was bred specifically for movement over long distances, so the Malamute needs to run a lot. Alaskan Malamutes are very energetic dogs that require a lot of physical activity. Since they are working dogs, they must work hard and keep busy. Ideally, Alaskan Malamutes have the opportunity to play and walk for at least an hour a day.
It is important to keep Alaskan Malamutes under constant control. Although these are very intelligent dogs, you cannot rely on their composure, especially in the company of small dogs or other pets. Therefore, in public places, the Alaskan Malamute should always be on a leash..
Since malamutes are large dogs, they especially suffer from gastric torsion, so you need to monitor the amount of food eaten and not allow to eat too much. Working dogs, of course, need to be fed more..
Alaskan Malamute training
This breed is very intelligent and can learn a lot, but it should like it. The problem is that even a well-trained Malamute will sometimes disobey commands when in a bad mood..
When choosing activities with a malamute, keep in mind its origin. Carrying heavy weights, sledges, car tires – corresponds to its natural purpose. Such activities release him from the accumulated energy. Long bike rides can be an alternative. If the malamute does not have enough physical activity, he will direct his energy into another, undesirable for the owner, channel.
Malamutes, like most northern dogs, are very stubborn. This quality is difficult for owners who would like to have a perfectly obedient dog. Malamute learns commands very quickly, but at the same time executes them only when he sees the point in it. Competent training of the Malamute and the ability to treat the dog with understanding are essential for the successful keeping of this breed..
Alaskan Malamute Health
Strong and healthy dog. Only with insufficient physical activity it can get bored. Life expectancy up to 12 years.
Alaskan Malamutes are most prone to the following diseases:
- Dysplasia of the hip joint
- Atopic dermatitis
- Adenocarcinoma of the anus
- Ulceration of the cornea
- Progressive retinal atrophy
- Hemeralopia (day blindness)
In addition, these dogs are prone to bloating, dwarfism, diabetes, and hemophilia. Malamute can suffer heatstroke in warm weather.
Photos of Alaskan Malamute
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