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History of the breed (Origin)
The American Bulldog has retained all the features of a real bulldog, bred in England four centuries ago. If you look at the engravings of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, in the scenes of hunting and bull-baiting, dogs are depicted, in appearance, identical to the modern American Bulldog. The modern American Bulldog is a young breed with roots dating back centuries. Modern dogs are descended from dogs, the descendants of real “old bulldogs”, brought to the United States by immigrants from the Old World, who survived and were bred in isolation on farms in the southern states of the United States.
Today, all modern American Bulldogs are descended from four main lines: Williamson, Scott, Bailey and Johnson. The difference in the approach to the criteria of appearance among the founders of the modern breed has led to the fact that today it is possible to distinguish between two intra-breed types, differing in conformation: standard (old term “Scott”) and classic (old term “Johnson”). This division reflects the different traditions and preferences existing today in the requirements for the American Bulldog. In show rings these two types of dogs are judged separately.
However, most dogs are still mixed. The breed has been known under the name “American Bulldog” relatively recently. Before the name was established, these dogs were called differently in different southern regions of the United States. They were known under the names “English White” or “White Englishman”, due to the fact that these dogs are predominantly white, “Alabama”, “Southern Bulldog”, but more often they were called simply “Bulldog”. The name “Bulldog” stuck to them due to their main job, working with livestock.
American Bulldog breed description
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The American Bulldog has a sturdy and strong compact body. Males are stockier and more powerful in bone, females are more refined. Height at withers: bull / johnson type – males – 59-69 cm, females – 53-64 cm; standard type – males – 58-71 cm, females – 49-64 cm. Weight: bull / johnson type – males – 34-54 kg, females – 27-41 kg; standard type – males – 34-50 kg, females – 27-39 kg. The color is white, white with red or reddish markings, brindle. A voluminous head with massive jaws and voluminous cheekbones. The muzzle is short with pendulous lips. The chest is wide. The tail is usually docked. The coat is short and smooth.
Color: Completely white or with a variety of white markings. All shades are brindle, brown, red, fawn. Pure black, black and tan and / or any amount of mottling is not acceptable. Mottling – small markings on the base color (black or red), not to be confused with brindle, in which darker blotches create a streaky effect. A black mask is undesirable.
Coat: Short, less than one inch (2.54 cm). Varies from soft to hard. Long, feathery or curly hair is not allowed.
Head: Should be relatively large and wide in relation to the size and general structure of the dog. It should be flat on top to give it a square look. Between the eyes – a notch (groove) with a pronounced deep stop. The head is well muscled with prominent cheeks. An overly narrow head is not acceptable for both types.
Standard type: Usually square-wedge with less pronounced stop and fewer folds.
Classic type: square-rounded with a more pronounced stop and deeper folds.
Eyes: Should be round or almond-shaped, of medium size, set well apart. The preferred eye colors are black and dark brown. Other colors are acceptable. Black pigmentation of the eye rim is preferred. Strabismus and / or non-symmetry of the eyes are not acceptable.
Muzzle: The muzzle should be relatively wide and square. The powerful jaws are well muscled and show great strength. The lips are thick but not saggy. Black pigmentation of the lip border is preferred. An overly narrow muzzle is not acceptable in both types.
Standard type: The muzzle should be 30-40% of the total head length.
Classic type: The muzzle should be 25-35% of the total head length.
Teeth: Number of teeth 42 -44. Large teeth are preferred. Working dogs should not be fined for broken teeth. In case of tooth extraction, medical confirmation is required.
Bite: Standard type: Reverse scissors preferred. Moderate undershot, scissor or pincer bite are acceptable.
Classic type: 6 to 1.3 mm undershot preferred. A pincer bite is not desirable. Scissor – not allowed.
For both types, it is not acceptable when the dog’s teeth are visible when the mouth is closed.
Nose: Black is preferred. Red, brown, gray – let’s say. A pink or flesh-colored nose is not acceptable.
Ears: Should be of medium size and carried forward or with a rose petal. Cropped ears are acceptable.
Neck: The neck should be very muscular and of medium length. The neck should taper from the shoulders to the head and be slightly arched.
Shoulders: The shoulders should be well muscled with well defined wide, sloping shoulder blades giving the impression of great strength.
Chest: Should be deep and moderately broad, giving an impression of strength and athletic ability. The front should be straight and well balanced. The ribcage should not be too narrow or too wide. The elbows should be turned neither in nor out.
Body: Should be compact and moderately short and appear powerful and athletic. Well balanced. The ribs should be prominent, the belly should be moderately tucked up. The torso should not be very stretched.
Back: Should be strong, broad and moderately short, slightly arched at the loin. The back should not be narrow or saggy.
Standard type: Straighter topline is preferred.
Classic type: Preferred when the top line is slightly higher at the back.
Extremities: Should be strong with straight, moderately heavy bones. Well muscled. The hind legs should be sufficiently angulated and parallel. The hind legs should have neither too strong nor straight angles. An excessively barrel-shaped or “cow” position of the hind limbs is unacceptable.
Hindquarters: Should be well balanced, broad with well defined muscles, but not as broad as the shoulders. The thighs should not be tight, with poorly defined muscles.
Tail: Set low. Thick at the base and tapering towards the tip. When calm, it should reach the hocks. A docked tail is allowed. The end of the tail should not be twisted into a ring.
Feet: Should be of medium size with tightly knit toes. The paw should not be loose.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: The American Bulldog should move quickly, dexterously, powerfully with a pronounced springiness in stride. When moving, all limbs should be parallel to the direction of movement. The front legs are clearly extended, and the hind legs push the dog forward. When moving, the legs should not be too wide apart. Crossing when moving the hind and / or front limbs is not allowed.
Standard Type: Elastic, more athletic movements
Classical type: A rolling gait is acceptable (some wobbling, swaying during movement of the back of the body).
American Bulldog character
The American Bulldog is a loving family pet that gets along well with children. At the same time, it is a fearless guard, decisively attacking anyone who poses a threat to its master.
American Bulldogs can handle a variety of tasks besides guarding, hunting, herding livestock, and are known as working dogs. However, American Bulldogs are very stubborn, dominant and willful. They strive to be in charge in any situation. American Bulldogs always feel when they can be forced to do what they do not want. The American Bulldog owner must be persistent, firm and always keep in mind what he says.
Dogs of this breed should be regularly introduced to friendly strangers so that they can learn to distinguish between good people who are not dangerous and bad people who can do harm. Since American Bulldogs have a strong protective instinct, they need careful socialization with strangers. If this is not done, it can reach the point that the American Bulldog will be extremely suspicious, and bite everyone who gets in his way.
Vigilance is in the blood of the American Bulldog, so no training is required in this regard, but some attention should be paid to such types of training as training for an accompanying dog, tracking and many types of dog sports. With early contact with other animals, good upbringing and sensitivity, the American Bulldog can become an enjoyable and loyal family dog. Instances with white color may be prone to deafness and are more prone to skin diseases than their brownish counterparts. Some distrust of people and a desire for superiority in relation to other dogs is acceptable. Meanwhile, the American Bulldog should not be overly fearful and timid, or very aggressive towards people, or be overly aggressive towards dogs. With its distinctive physical appearance and mental characteristics, the American Bulldog can undoubtedly be a companion and a working dog..
American Bulldog Grooming and Training
The American Bulldog has a short, smooth coat that requires little maintenance. However, this breed sheds regularly, so frequent brushing at least once a week can reduce hair loss in the house. You can use a brush or rubber glove to groom the American Bulldog’s coat.
It is recommended to bathe the American Bulldog only as needed and not often.
American Bulldog claws should be trimmed about once a week unless they are naturally ground. Also remember to clean your ears periodically, especially if your dog has ear infections or allergies.
American Bulldogs do their best when they are assigned a job. These dogs love to play with family members and wander around the site.
The American Bulldog is a wonderful loyal and courageous pets who, if raised correctly, will never betray their owner, but on the contrary, will obey him in everything and do everything possible to please. Despite the fact that this is a very strong and strong dog, some indecision is peculiar to it. Being in the family, surrounded by people who love her, she turns into an affectionate and playful puppy, ready to give her love and tenderness to everyone who will need it. This is a wonderful breed that delights thousands of modern dog breeders with its good nature and pliability.
For representatives of the American Bulldog breed, constant control is required, they do not like loneliness and can hardly tolerate prolonged confinement in a confined space. They should be brought up by professionals who know how to instill good manners in such dogs from puppyhood.
Start training your puppy yourself as soon as he arrives at your home. Stop all actions that are undesirable for you in the future at once. If something is “not allowed”, then “it is impossible always”. For serious training – courses of obedience – CD, OKD, UGS and so on. – it is better to start no earlier than 7-8 months.
Bulldogs are dogs with retarded psychological development. At an earlier age, the bulldog simply cannot perceive a large amount of information at once. It is up to the owner to do it in a group or individually, each type of training has its own advantages and disadvantages. The only thing is, if you decide to study in a group, check if you can then pass the standards for the course passed and get a RKF diploma.
Power training methods, electric shock – these are extreme methods of training inadequate animals, they are not applicable to puppies. Obedience and defense training should not be practiced at the same time. First, consolidate the obedience skills of your pet and only after that (but not earlier than 12 months) begin training for defense.
When your dog has completed the course of obedience (OKD, UGS …), you can already start protection classes. For the American Bulldog, such training does not mean “persecution”, of course, provided it is properly trained, but on the contrary serves as a kind of emotional “release”. In the process of training, the dog must learn when and how to act when the owner is in danger, and when you just need to carefully monitor what is happening without unnecessary aggression.
Having started to practice, many are surprised at how quickly their bulldog grasps seemingly completely new information, and what a huge potential in protective disciplines this breed has. In fact, everything is quite simple, the breed is not so long ago in our country and some representatives of homo sapiens have not yet managed to spoil it by commercial “breeding”. Therefore, all the accumulated genetic experience of this breed sleeps soundly for the time being in your bulldog, but if the owner wishes to continue the development of the breed, even within the framework of his own dog, genetics will take its toll. Indeed, in the homeland of the American Bulldog, working qualities were much more important than appearance. And this is often why uninformed people have a question, why are they all so different.
Despite the fact that the American Bulldog is a healthy and robust animal, it is most prone to the following diseases:
- Dysplasia of the hip joint
- Elbow dysplasia
- Entropion (turn of the century)
- Allergies and skin conditions that may be signs of immune problems
- Unilateral or bilateral deafness
Estimated cost of an American Bulldog
The cost of a puppy in Russia varies from 12,000 to 70,000 rubles.
List of nurseries
- Imperial Choice Mr. Aleksandrov //www.dressirovka.spb.ru/breeders?sobi2Task=sobi2Details&catid = 47&sobi2Id = 830
- Tigerbull Moscow //www.dressirovka.spb.ru/breeders?catid=47
- Triple Plast, Kstovo //hotdogs.ru/
- Bull Baiting Dogs Moscow //dog.pet2me.com/ru/club/id/681/
American Bulldog Photo
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