The content of the article:
- 1. History of the origin of the breed
- 2. American Cocker Spaniel characteristics and description of the breed
- 3. American Cocker Spaniel character
- 4. American Cocker Spaniel and other pets
- 5. American Cocker Spaniel maintenance and care
- 6. Nutrition
- 7. Training the American Cocker Spaniel
- 8. Health of the American Cocker Spaniel
- 9. American cocker spaniel nicknames
- 10. How much does an American Cocker Spaniel cost
- 11. Photos of the American Cocker Spaniel
- 12. Video
History of the origin of the breed
The American Cocker Spaniel was bred in the United States by breeding from the English Cocker Spaniel. First of all, the breed was positioned as decorative, domestic, but it has many other talents – hunting, searching, tracking and agility. Cocker Spaniels are also excellent guard dogs.
There is no exact information about the origin of the breed. Working English cockers are called the progenitors. There is a legend that the very first cocker spaniel came to America back in 1629 with the first settlers from the Old World. It was these dogs that were allegedly seen on board the Mayflower, which landed on American shores. Initially, all spaniels were considered one breed.
It was only much later, when breeders began systematic selection of especially desirable traits in dogs, and standards for the modern breed of American Cocker Spaniel were developed. Originally, the American Cocker Spaniel is a pure hunting dog with keen hearing, keen eyes and wonderful sense of smell. But those who have encountered this “beast” must have felt tenderness and dreamed of such their own pet. He can’t help but like him, this is so cute and charming creature, you can fall in love with him at first sight.
Today it is more like an indoor dog breed, since people are fond of hunting less and less often. They have a height of no more than thirty-eight centimeters, which means that they are quite small and will get along well even in the smallest apartment. It should be noted here that the American Cocker Spaniel is very mobile, or rather, he is always in motion, except for those rare moments, of course, when he is sleeping.
The predecessors of the American Cocker Spaniel are the larger English Cocker Spaniel. Dogs, outwardly similar to modern American Cocker Spaniels, lived on the American continent before, but it was the dogs brought from the Old World that created the basis for the formation of a new breed. The breed was first presented at an exhibition in 1883.
American breeders sought to differentiate “their” dogs from their English ancestors. Since 1935, Cocker Spaniel breeding enthusiasts have taken decisive steps to separate one breed from another, and after a few years they succeeded..
American Cocker Spaniel characteristics and description of the breed
American Cocker Spaniels are lovable dogs renowned for their affectionate and good-natured disposition. Their body is covered with beautiful, very thick long hair. The color can be any (fawn, white with black, red, etc.). The long flexible neck deserves special mention, allowing the dog to find tracks on the ground with particular ease.
The American Cocker Spaniel is the shortest breed among hunting spaniels. They have a compact body with a short back and a gentle top. Their legs are strong, straight, with strong bones.
The current breed standard was adopted in 1999. The American Cocker Spaniel is the smallest of the sporting dogs: the height of the males is 39.4 cm, the bitch is 36.8 cm.The characteristic features of the breed are harmonious constitution, gracefulness and a cheerful disposition..
- The head of the American Cocker Spaniel is proportional to the size of the dog. The muzzle is deep and broad, the expression is soft, intelligent, touching and alive. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle and the brow ridges are well defined.
- The ears should be set no higher than the lower eye line. The ear leaf is long, drooping, the skin is thin. The ears are thickly covered with hair.
- The eyes look straight ahead. Due to the shape of the eyelids, the eyes look almond-shaped, not deeply set, but not bulging either. The eye color is dark brown and the darker the shade the better. The dog’s nose is straight, the nostrils are well developed. The nose is rather large. Black and white, black and tan and black dogs have black lobes. For dogs of other colors, brown or liver color of the nose is acceptable..
- Scissor bite. The jaws are straight, rectangular, the teeth are strong and not too small. The upper lip covers the lower jaw.
- The body of the American Cocker Spaniel features a sloping topline to the muscular rump.
- The chest is deep, reaching down to the elbows. The chest is wide enough, but its width should not interfere with the straightness of the movement of the forelimbs. Curved ribs. The back of the American Cocker Spaniel breed is strong, to the base of the tail – sloping.
- The forelimbs of the American Cocker Spaniel are well muscled and have strong bones. The elbows are under the highest point of the shoulder blades. The feet are compact and rest on firm pads. Should not be turned outwards or inwards.
- The hindquarters of the American Cocker Spaniel are parallel to each other when the dog is standing and when it is moving. The thighs are well defined, powerful. Dewclaws, if any, are removed. Paws are large, but compact, rounded. Hard pads.
- The tail of the American Cocker Spaniel is docked. The tail harmoniously continues the topline, it can be slightly raised upward, but not as much as that of the terrier. The tail should also not be pulled down. In a lively state, the dog wags its tail.
- The coat of the American Cocker Spaniel is of varying quality on different parts of the body. On the head, the hair is thin and short, on the body, the length of the coat is medium, the undercoat is developed. Belly, ears, limbs and chest are covered with decorating hair. It should not be too abundant, hiding the silhouette of the dog and its movements. The coat is slightly wavy or straight, silky.
The color can be any (fawn, white with black, red, etc.). With a one-color color, there may be a small white spot on the chest, with mixed ones – individual colors should be evenly distributed over the body (1: 1 or 1: 1: 1), and none of them should prevail, while white hairs should be evenly distributed throughout the body. Roans can have different shades: blue, red, red-brown, lemon. In black and tan dogs, tan spots should be located above the eyes, on the sides of the muzzle, on the throat and chest, on the front legs to the elbows, on the hind legs to the hocks, as well as on the inner surface of the legs and under the tail, around the anus. Disadvantages: Small white markings on the chest in monochromatic dogs, smudged or slightly blackened markings, insufficiently clearly demarcated spots in mixed colors.
American Cocker Spaniel character
American Cocker Spaniels are friendly and enthusiastic optimists. As a rule, they are obedient and well trained. Affectionate and good-natured character, tenderness, devotion, willingness to obey any commands of the owner, lack of pronounced aggressiveness towards strangers and other dogs, the ability to get along well with children – these qualities modern American Cocker Spaniels owe their popularity.
American Cocker Spaniels are commonly used as pets, but sometimes serve humans at work. They are naturally kind, gentle and sensitive, respect the authority of the owner. American Cocker Spaniels are quite intelligent, trusting and funny dogs. They tend to get along well with children and are very level-headed. However, there are differences in temperament due to the popularity of the breed.
When buying an American Cocker Spaniel, it is important to choose a reputable breeder. Poor pedigree breeding can cause the appearance of unattractive character traits and bad behavior in individuals. Purebred Cocker Spaniels are lively, sociable and playful. Constant training is necessary from a very young age to avoid excessive shyness.
This is, perhaps, the only breed of dogs that, even in adulthood, do not lose the behavior of puppies, they are just as funny and playful. Even if there are small children in your house, this dog will become their loyal companion and guard. In spite of its small size and “plush” appearance, it is very courageous, besides, it treats everything that is connected with its owners with great understanding.
American Cocker Spaniels can deal with loneliness, but not for long, so don’t leave your Cocker alone for too long periods of time. They need constant contact with people and without sufficient attention, they can develop bad habits such as excessive barking and others, which can become a problem for the owner.
The need for a lot of attention makes these dogs quite demanding pets, so some people may find them affectionate. It is better not to have an American Cocker Spaniel for people who do not have enough time to deal with their pet or those who do not want to do it.
American Cocker Spaniels are adorable creatures with sophisticated manners and dignity. American Cocker Spaniels are quite adapted to living in a metropolis. Fun games, walks always give them pleasure.
American Cocker Spaniel and other pets
American Cocker Spaniels are wonderful companions ready to interact and play with dogs, cats and other pets. When an American Cocker Spaniel grows with a cat, they often have a very close relationship..
American Cocker Spaniel maintenance and care
In everyday life, Cocker Spaniels are not too whimsical, but you still need to take care of them. Luxurious attire for a dog requires care and attention. The puppy should be taught to comb from the first days of his life in your house. Be consistent: once you start brushing, work it through to the end. Puppies are brushed daily, and adult dogs at least once every 10 days.
The requirements for the quality of the coat and the styling of the American Cocker Spaniel are quite high. Its coat should be both silky and not too soft, straight, but slightly wavy. The Cocker Spaniel is cut short on its head. A medium length coat is left on the back and shoulders. Ears, chest, belly and paws are covered with very long hair.
The eyes and ears of a Cocker Spaniel need special care. The eyes should be thoroughly cleaned with a cotton pad with water, do not use soap. Regular eye care can help prevent infection. Brush your American Cocker Spaniel’s ears regularly. Otherwise, ear infections may develop or mites may develop. A deep bowl is required for dogs with such long ears.
Due to the fact that Cocker Spaniels are active dogs, they need daily walks. While they may tolerate short periods of inactivity, it is best to avoid this. Daily walks and vigorous play will help the American Cocker Spaniel stay in shape. Involve the cocker spaniel in the family’s daily activities, training him to bring you slippers, for example, can help him avoid boredom and maintain a healthy mind..
The disadvantages of the breed include the need for careful care of the dog’s coat, claws and eyes, as well as the breed’s susceptibility to certain diseases. But if these difficulties do not scare you, feel free to choose a puppy: you will get a gentle and devoted friend, and your children – a cheerful companion for playing!
Great appetite and expressive eyes allow the American Cocker Spaniel to get as much food as he wants and a little more on top. Be careful! It is easy to overfeed a dog, and at a puppy age – to stretch the stomach.
Training the American Cocker Spaniel
Dogs respond well to training and get along easily with other animals. Training for the American Cocker Spaniel is essential, especially if you plan to take your dog to shows. For a breed with such a striking appearance, it is extremely important to be able to profitably “present” itself in the ring, and given the fact that the dog is considered to be athletic, it must also actively demonstrate a desire to work.
Certainly, a slight decrease in interest in the breed is a consequence of a significant distortion of the original purpose of the breed. The American Cocker was bred as a hunting breed, but gradually, thanks to a more developed coat and its show successes, turned into a show dog and companion dog. Now it is already difficult, looking at a well-dressed cocker, to imagine him on the hunt – in the bushes, in a swamp and with a duck in his teeth.
True, in America, Finland and some other countries, now they pay great attention to the hunting abilities of the “Americans”, and they often become winners at prestigious hunting competitions.
Many of the outstanding show winners proudly carry the CD (Companion Dog) title, which is awarded after passing special tests. Therefore, the American cocker can rightfully be considered a universal dog, and its purpose will depend only on our goals and preferences..
Health of the American Cocker Spaniel
The breed is characterized by several diseases, among which the most common diseases of the ears and eyes, diseases such as epilepsy, disorders of the cardiovascular system, disorders of the musculoskeletal system are noted. Closely monitor the condition of the dog and at the first sign of illness, contact a specialist. Immune-mediated hemolytic anemia is highly common in this breed and is a life-threatening condition.
American Cocker Spaniels are prone to the following conditions:
- Urolithiasis disease
- Chronic hepatitis
- Food allergy
- Dysplasia of the hip joint
Eye diseases in the American Cocker Spaniel:
- progressive retinal degeneration
- corneal dystrophy
- corneal ulcer
American cocker spaniel nicknames
Most often, dogs are called:
How much does an American Cocker Spaniel cost
Cocker puppies are relatively inexpensive, you can find a price tag of 2.5-3 thousand rubles on Avito, but you will get a dog without a pedigree and with incomprehensible parents. So it is better to focus on prices from 10 to 35 thousand rubles. Remember:
Photos of the American Cocker Spaniel
Materials for the article were taken from the following sites:
- https: // pets.rf