The American Foxhound is the oldest American hound breed. Dogs are used for collective fox hunting. They follow the trail, giving a voice that is easily distinguishable in each specific individual. Restrained, do not show aggressiveness either towards people or towards other dogs. This breed should be started only by hunters who regularly travel to the grounds, since the most valuable thing in a Foxhound is its working qualities..
The content of the article:
- 1. History of the origin of the breed
- 2. Description of the breed
- 3. The character of the American Foxhound
- 4. American Foxhound and other pets
- 5. American Foxhound Care
- 6. American Foxhound Food
- 7. American Foxhound Training
- 8. American Foxhound Health
- 9. Estimated cost of an American Foxhound puppy
- 10. Photos of American Foxhound
- 11. Video
History of the origin of the breed
The American Foxhound is descended from the working English Foxhounds, which came to America in the XXVII century. European colonialists used these dogs to search for Indians.
When the first settlers arrived in North America, they brought dogs with them. Among the animals was the breed of dogs introduced by Robert Brook – English Foxhounds. The history of the American Foxhound breed began in 1650, when Robert Brooke introduced purebred English Foxhounds to America, and his family kept the breed pure for three centuries.
As authoritative experts on the American fox hound testify, the first mention of the import of hounds to America we meet in the diary of one of Desoto’s cannibals. It is also known that hounds were used to search and pursue Indians, and not foxes and hares. From the same source, we learn that in 1650 Robert Brooke sailed to the British colony in America, taking with him a pack of hounds. Their family existed for almost three hundred years. They are believed to have served as the basis for several varieties of American hounds.
Bred in this way, the American Foxhound (the oldest American hound) was used to hunt foxes and big game. It has many types.
In North America, together with the first European settlers, hunting dogs lived, which were brought from England, Ireland and France. Thanks to many crosses from these dogs, the ancestors of the American hound came. George Washington imported a number of hunting dogs from England in 1770. And in 1785, the Frenchman Lafayette presented him with French Foxhounds. And it was these dogs that became the basis for the breeding of American Foxhounds.
In 1785 he received several specimens of French hounds as a gift from the Marquis. Hounds interbred with English Foxhounds, who lived in the Brook family, and later Irish Kerry Beagle blood was added to the dogs. As a result of all the actions, a new breed of hounds was obtained, very peculiar and very fast – the American Foxhound.
From the French hounds, the American Foxhound inherited an extremely energetic character, fortitude, and from the English Foxhound, it probably inherited nobility in appearance. In the process of breeding this breed, the dogs developed their own special signs and characteristics. Like its ancestor, the English Foxhound, the American Foxhound is endowed with a strong unmistakable flair, very hardy. But the American Foxhound, moreover, is also more mobile, energetic, cannot sit still, and is ready to tirelessly pursue prey.
First of all, with the help of a new breed of dogs, they were looking for Indians, and only after a long time they began to use it for hunting. Systematic breeding of the breed was practiced, thanks to which the dogs acquired more speed and grace than the English Foxhounds.
The American Foxhound is considered the oldest American hound. It was used to hunt foxes and large game. You can use your dog to hunt possum, raccoon, and even bear. It happens that the American Foxhound is also used to hunt puma or wild boar. Thanks to its endurance, the American Foxhound can be effective regardless of weather conditions, terrain and other terrain features. Thick coat can protect the dog from bad weather, from cold.
Since 1886, when the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Association, it has been considered independent. AKC (American Kennel Club) was one of the first to register the breed. The American Foxhound has been considered the official symbol of Virginia since 1966. As an independent breed, the American Foxhound was recognized by the FCI in 1994. Little is known outside the United States..
Foxhound in the United States is used in four ways, which requires different qualities from him:
- a hound for field trials, competing with others in the field – in this case, agility and rather jealous – protective character are important;
- hound for fox hunting – a slow rut with a sonorous bark is required from the dog;
- search hounds – running at speed along the trail left by the trail2 (where only speed is important);
- hounds for hunting in a pack (15 – 20 dogs and more) – hunting clubs and hunting farmers participate.
The types of American Hounds vary widely from region to region, but in recent years the American Foxhound Club and members of the Foxhound Owners’ Association have taken great strides towards creating a single breed.
In Europe, where English Foxhounds are bred, this breed is not found.
Description of the breed
The American Foxhound is a large and very attractive dog with a short and thick coat. Her color can be any. The long forelimbs stand out, which are very helpful when hunting wild animals. The wide and drooping ears, which are set at eye level, are also striking. A characteristic detail of the American Foxhound: the lips hanging below the jaw.
Height at withers: Males: 56 – 64cm. Bitches: 53-61 cm.
- The skull is of medium length, slightly arched, wide and voluminous. The ears are set rather low, long, extended forward, they almost reach the nose, thin to the touch, rather wide, drooping, tightly pressed to the head with the front edge slightly turned towards the neck, rounded at the ends. The eyes are large, widely spaced, with a gentle and characteristic of a hound, a gentle and questioning expression, brown or hazel in color. Muzzle of medium length, straight and square, with moderate transition from forehead to muzzle..
- The eyes are large with a meek inquiring gaze, set wide apart, brown or hazel. Large white teeth with a scissor bite, incisors in line.
- The neck is high set, of medium length, quite firm, dry, without dewlap, but not heavy. Two small, but necessarily symmetrical folds are possible under the jaw. The accentuated withers pass with a slight spring into the back, slightly inclined towards the croup. The muscular shoulder blades pressed against the back are set obliquely, not loaded and give the impression of activity, freedom and strength. The strong and muscular back is of medium length and sloping slightly towards the croup. The wide, short loin is slightly convex. Rounded and firm croup, moderately sloping. The saber-shaped, high-set tail (rut) is of medium length. The hair on the lower surface is coarse.
- The block is narrower than that of an English hound, but spacious, deep, wide and long enough. With a height at the withers of an American Foxhound of 58 cm, the circumference should ideally be 71 cm. The ribs are prominent and long. The belly is moderately tucked up, and a lean or drooping belly is considered a defect. The groin, the length of which is less than 7.5 cm, is also considered a defect..
- The straight forelegs are well boned and located under the body. The shoulders are long, moderately muscular. Situated directly below the withers and pointing backward, the elbows are close to the chest. Long and steep forearms are lightly boned. The headstock of the dogs is vertical and short.
- The hind legs are also lightly boned with long, lean muscles. They are strictly parallel and drawn beyond the line on which the ischial tubercles are located. Strong, muscular hips are designed to provide powerful propulsion. The angles of the strong knee joints are well defined. Strong hocks with moderate angulation. The puddles are also sturdy and steep. Arched oval feet are provided with thick pads. Strong claws.
- Free, sweeping movements are achieved by good throw of the front legs and strong drive from the hind legs. Thick and lustrous, coarse coat is of medium length and color typical of hounds.
The coat of this hound is straight, of medium length, dense and harsh. The color is varied, typical of hounds, but the most popular is tricolor.
Separately, it is worth noting a melodious, sonorous, and individual voice for each dog of this breed, which can be distinguished from the voice of other dogs. If the owner remembers the voice of his pet, he will be able to distinguish it in the choir of the rest of the American Foxhounds, since each dog has a peculiar barking vibration. At exhibitions and competitions, this feature is also paid attention, the timbre and tonality of the voice are important for determining the merits of the dog. They even arrange special competitions, both in running and barking for this breed..
The character of the American Foxhound
The American Foxhound is an excellent hunter who has excellent instinct, stamina and can run very fast. Most often, the American hound hunts foxes and boars, less often opossums and raccoons. Some hunters use it to hunt bear or puma. Often these dogs work in a pack, but they can work alone. The American Foxhound is a very intelligent, quick-witted and independent dog. This dog breed also performs well on the hot trail, allowing it to find prey quickly. If you are not a true hunter, then this breed will not suit you, because hunting is an integral part of the life of the American hound. The American Foxhound has a calm nature, does not show aggression towards people and other pets.
American Foxhounds are very fond of children and will play their fun games with them, even though they are not a family dog.
The American Foxhound cannot be called a good guard, as it is easily distracted by a running cat or rat. But her loud barking can frighten off an outsider.
Being in the family, Foxhounds are affectionate, gentle, but when they go hunting, they turn into a beast with courage and fighting qualities. A feature of the breed is sociability, friendliness, loneliness badly affects these dogs. High activity, companionable qualities are very valuable for hunting. American Foxhounds love children, are very sociable and affectionate with them, they have friendly qualities to people, but they can show aggression towards unfamiliar dogs. Also, if other pets live in the house, in addition to the American Foxhound, then until he gets used to them, he will be very careful, although he may not show obvious aggression. However, in their pack, they are sociable, obey the will of the pack. It will not be suitable for them to be kept in an apartment, American Foxhounds are not alone, they like to live among other dogs.
Although balance is characteristic of Foxhounds, if from childhood you do not educate a dog, do not train, then its character will deteriorate, it will become very wayward. Training a dog is difficult because of its independence and stubbornness. Severity is a must in the process of handling them, but Foxhounds cannot stand cruelty. Independence of character sometimes leads to disobedience to commands, so, in case of difficulties with upbringing, it is better to trust a specialist.
Separately, it is worth noting a melodious, sonorous, and individual voice for each dog of this breed, which can be distinguished from the voice of other dogs. If the owner remembers the voice of his pet, he will be able to distinguish it in the choir of the rest of the American Foxhounds, since each dog has a peculiar barking vibration. At exhibitions and competitions, this feature is also paid attention, the timbre and tonality of the voice are important for determining the merits of the dog. They even arrange special competitions, both in running and barking for this breed.
American Foxhounds are dogs that need an active lifestyle. If you live in an ordinary city apartment and do not have the opportunity to provide your pet with a playground, do not despair: long walks will solve this problem.
American Foxhound and other pets
American Foxhound dog feels better living in a pack, but for solo work it is also applicable.
American Foxhound Care
American Foxhounds are very noisy dogs. You cannot call this dog a pet, it needs a suburban space and a flock of its own relatives. American Foxhound grooming is the regular brushing of the coat.
The American Hound (Foxhound) is a true hunter who does not want to live within four walls. Frequent walks are necessary, if there is no opportunity to go hunting, it is better to keep the dog in an aviary.
A lot of exercise is required and regular brushing is essential.
In dogs of this breed, the coat is coarse, short, and periodic brushing is enough to care for it. Wool protects Foxhounds well from bad weather, as it closely adheres to the body. Molting occurs twice a year, they do not molt too much. Wool, which is hard to the touch, is most often tricolor, black, brown, and white are present. Although, if the color variations differ, then this is acceptable by the standard. Bathing is recommended for these dogs only as a last resort. Ears require care, regular checks, and cleaning.
American Foxhounds are characterized by their unusual, increased activity, and a love of running. So that the dog does not get bored and does not lose its working qualities, it must be in motion, therefore, only those who play sports or hunting should start it and have time for long walks and work with the animal. In the city, a dog needs a place to run for a long time. It is also worth considering that American Foxhounds are noisy, constantly on the move, so keeping them in an apartment is extremely inconvenient. If the Foxhound gets bored, it will howl and sabotage. It does not promise to be easy and training the dog, it will obey, but it is very stubborn, easily distracted, sniffing out the trail.
American Foxhound Food
It is harmful to overfeed them, because of this, the quality deteriorates, and health problems appear.
Experts advise feeding the dog raw meat, but boiled meat can also be given if necessary. The following types of meat are well suited for feeding the animal: beef, horse meat, veal, chicken. All this is lean meat that is well digested. Boiled lean pork is also allowed in the diet.
If you feed your dog raw meat, be sure to rinse it and remove any bone fragments. Wash your heads, legs, stomachs, liver especially thoroughly and carefully, and then boil them except for the liver.
Heads, legs, stomachs – all these offal are perfectly absorbed by the body, but because of the need to cook them, the energy and nutritional value is lost almost one and a half times. Therefore, if you feed your dog with these foods, then you should increase the portion size by half.
If you are providing your pet with premium quality food, there is no need to offer additional supplements. An overdose of nutrients can only worsen the general condition of your pet’s body.
It is impossible to exclude vegetables from the dog’s diet under any pretext. Experts advise using carrots, cabbage, zucchini, beets and pumpkin to feed the dog. Dill, green onions, garlic, spinach, lettuce, parsley, and even nettles should be included in the diet of greens!
Usually greens and vegetables are added to another dish – porridge or meat, but they can also be given as an independent treat. For example, give grated carrots.
American Foxhound Training
The training of the American Hound must be demanding and competent, with great physical exertion. An inexperienced person cannot cope with this breed.
The American Foxhound, like the English one, has a keen instinct, but it is more mobile. Has a melodic voice, used for hunting foxes and wild boars.
Works well on the trail, has great speed and endurance when chasing a fox. This hound looks beautiful at the exhibition, but it is completely unsuitable for the role of a pet, only true hunters should keep it.
As for training, if you have no experience, you will have to turn to a professional, as Foxhounds are independent and stubborn..
American Foxhound Health
Dog breed American Hound (Foxhound) can suffer from diseases of the joints and spine. It is imperative to do all preventive vaccinations.
Life expectancy up to 12 years.
American Foxhounds have excellent health and do not have genetic diseases such as hip dysplasia. It should be noted that these dogs should not be overfeeded, as excess weight can adversely affect hunting abilities..
Estimated cost of an American Foxhound puppy
The price of puppies is from 15,000 to 20,000 rubles.
Photos of American Foxhound
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