There is no reliable information on the history of the breeding of this breed of dogs. There are several types of lapdogs, differing in appearance and character traits. The emergence of each breed has its own version. The first information about small dogs, according to the description, resembling lapdogs, comes from the beginning of our era and is described in the documents of the island of Melita (Maltese lapdog). There was a trading port on the island, which was visited by merchants from many countries and exchanged their goods, including dogs. So lapdogs appeared in China.
During the Middle Ages, tetrapods ceased to be just “little dogs”, the breed got its name. It comes from the Italian city of Bologna. This breed was in great demand in the aristocratic houses of Europe. They were owned by wealthy women, giving birth to these animals as decorative ornaments. Breeders were specially engaged in breeding lapdogs, trying to please the royal court and noble families. The common man was not interested in purchasing and keeping such dogs. They, first of all, required endurance and work capacity from the animal.
Today lapdogs are pets in many countries and are in great demand..
The content of the article:
- 1. Bolonka breed description and characteristics
- 2. Breed standard
- 3. Bolonka – character
- 4. Types of Bolonki
- 5. Maintenance and care of the lapdog
- 6. Advantages and disadvantages
- 7. Estimated puppy price
- 8. Nurseries
- 9. Photos Bolonka
- 10. Video
Bolonka breed description and characteristics
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Lapdogs are indoor tetrapods, they are very loyal to the owner, sweet, friendly and welcoming. Each type of this breed has its own characteristics, therefore it needs some care. Varieties differ in their characteristics, but all types of the breed are characterized by light long hair, an elongated body, a straight back and legs, and correct stance. On the white muzzle, a dark edging of the lips stands out, the lower jaw does not protrude forward and fits tightly to the upper one. The teeth are sharp, small, and perfectly shaped. The muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull, the cheekbones are practically proportional to the length and width.
Each breed has its own characteristics. The standard for all representatives, regardless of the species, is a small size, soft wool of a light color: ivory, light orange, boiling white (the only exception in color is the Russian colored lapdog), a round head with a square muzzle, on which deep-set shiny dark eyes and a bluish-black nose. The frontal lobe is clearly defined on a large, flat skull. The neck has no folds. The ears are triangular in shape, close to the head and close set. The forelimbs are much less muscular than the forelimbs. The height of the dog rarely exceeds 30 cm and the weight is no more than 5 kg.
Height – 30 cm
Weight – 4 kg
Bolonka – character
The lapdog is a very touching creature, insanely charming, which will melt the heart of even the most callous person. She has a kind and cheerful character. Differs in touchiness and vulnerability, needs love and constant attention of all household members. Is the best friend of children and under no circumstances will harm. Living in a large family, these small four-legged animals give vibes of joy to every family member every second.
Types of Bolonki
This type is the most popular not only among lapdogs, but in general for all decorative dogs. The Maltese (or Maltese) lapdog is characterized by long hair of white or ivory color. During the time of the Chinese emperors, they were considered “royal” dogs. The breed itself is unpretentious. Due to the length of the coat, it requires constant grooming that can be easily done at home. With proper care, it practically does not shed. The dog has an obedient and good-natured disposition..
The peculiarity of this breed is curly white wool, which grows throughout the life of the animal. Therefore, it requires special care. Individuals participating in exhibitions need regular visits to grooming salons and professional care all their lives. Another distinctive feature is the black expressive eyes, which give out the curiosity of the owner.
The historical roots of this species of lapdogs are deeply rooted in the past. Despite the past centuries, the modern appearance is not much different from its ancestors..
Relatively, the breed is young, bred in Cuba. It is rapidly gaining popularity all over the world. The Havanese is a glamorous breed sought after by wealthy people. Due to the need to live in comfortable conditions inherent at the genetic level, it is not suitable for the average layman or for people who do not have the opportunity to devote sufficient time for proper care, high-quality nutrition.
The appearance of a pet, at one glance at it, causes an irresistible desire to stroke a soft fur coat, pick it up and enjoy the sight of a charming face.
Russian colored lapdog
A distinctive feature of this species is its unusual coat color. Unlike other types of white, it has all shades of beige, gray and brown. The smallest white spot is classified as a defect. The breed was bred in Leningrad and for a long time was not officially recognized due to the admixture of poodles and Shih Tzu. It was recognized only in the 60s of the last century. Another unusual feature for lapdogs is the instinct of a guard. A dwarf dog rushes at anyone if it feels a threat to its owner. In everyday life, she is quite friendly, flexible and compliant.
Purebred representatives of this breed have a snow-white color that does not allow any spots. These are true aristocrats with a wayward temperament. Outwardly proud, they constantly require attention and increased care. Back in the twelfth century, these mini-dogs were in great demand in the homes of Italian aristocrats and were an adornment for wealthy ladies and were presented as a gift.
Outwardly, Italian lapdogs, because of the fluffy wool, hiding the graceful body, resemble a round soft lump.
Maintenance and care of the lapdog
If the owner is not going to exhibit dogs at exhibitions and does not plan to participate in competitions, the lapdog does not require a lot of effort and does not cause difficulties in leaving. It is recommended to comb the pet daily, without using a slicker, so as not to damage the delicate skin, choosing mats by hand. To facilitate grooming, the dog can be trimmed. Due to the slow growth of the fur, grooming will be much easier. Regularly, you need to cut the area around the anus, and tie the bangs with an elastic band so as not to get into your eyes. In order for the haircut to be according to all the rules, leave the care of your pet to a highly qualified specialist, a dog hairdresser. Bath procedures are carried out once a week with the use of special shampoos and conditioners, but the limbs are washed after each walk, which is carried out twice a day for at least two hours.
In the cold season, lapdogs need to be walked in clothes. After bathing, the pet should be blotted with a soft towel and dried with a hairdryer. Eyes and ears require care as they become dirty, but at least once every three days. Brushing your teeth is recommended every other day with a soft toothbrush. Clipping is done as needed. It is recommended to have timely vaccinations appropriate for the age of the dog. The muzzle is washed after each meal. The pet’s diet must include beef or chicken, cereals, eggs, dairy products, boneless fish, vegetables and fruits. If the owner is unable to calculate the necessary balance, it is better to buy ready-made dry food or alternate.
Like any other breed, lapdogs need proper education. You should start training no earlier than the puppy is two months old. Provide your toddler with squeaky toys. Even as a puppy, the pet needs to be taught what is allowed and what is not. Do not punish in any way, but reward for each correctly executed command. The dog must take orders from the owner the first time and execute instantly. One of the first commands that you need to teach your pet is “Come to me!” In order to avoid the threat of danger while walking. Small dogs do not understand the difference between size and can be injured by larger animals.
Do not follow the lead of your pet and avoid excessive pampering. Otherwise, he will not accept prohibitions and the command “no”. If possible, go with your pet to a professional trainer, first of all, in order to learn how to communicate with your four-legged friend.
Get vaccinated and take a veterinarian for a checkup.
Advantages and disadvantages
The most important advantages are good health, excellent immunity and longevity. The lapdogs have heightened intellectual inclinations and are perfectly amenable to training, are non-conflict and gentle, they easily get along with other pets, have a playful character that does not give the owner a moment for boredom.
Due to their indefatigable activity, they are cocky and require constant supervision and control during walks in order to avoid injury from larger comrades. Due to the stubborn nature, problems with upbringing may arise. Kids are selective in their diet and will have to try to keep them full and happy. If you do not want to cut your pet and maintain long hair, the owner should be ready for long and regular grooming procedures.
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Estimated puppy price
Residents of cities are increasingly preferring mini-dogs. A decorative pet does not need large spaces, they emit less specific aromas. One of the most popular breeds is the lapdog.
The price of puppies depends on the pedigree, variety and for what purpose it is purchased. If the owner does not plan to participate in exhibitions and contests, but gives birth to a pet for simple maintenance in the family, you can choose the baby from the rejected puppies, for example, absolutely healthy, but there is a defect in color. The price of substandard copies will be at most 15-18 thousand. Offspring with a pedigree and a full package of documents are much more expensive, reaching 120,000 rubles. The cheapest are babies of the Russian colored lapdog, since this species is recognized only by cynologists of the Russian Federation and is not suitable for exhibitions.
When choosing a pet, it is not recommended to trust unverified sources. You should contact dog breeding kennels or reputable kennel clubs. By purchasing a dog in specialized places, the buyer is guaranteed to protect himself from buying a mestizo, sick at the genetic level of the offspring, or droppings from an exhausted sick female. When selling titled puppies, the breeder is obliged to provide a veterinary passport, a stamp of the Russian Kennel Federation, an extract of vaccinations corresponding to age. For more confidence, you should contact an independent expert. It is allowed to wean a puppy from its mother after two months. Breeding lapdogs are engaged in almost all major cities. A list of nurseries and breeders, addresses, photos and reviews can be found on the Internet.