If you need not only a good guard but also a loyal friend, meet the wonderful Ca de Bo breed. This dog deserves close attention! A dream dog that can destroy an apartment, but remain a true friend at the same time.
The content of the article:
- 1. History of the Major Mastiff breed
- 2. Characteristics and description of the ca-de-bou
- 3. Basic standards of the ca-de-bou breed
- 4. The character of the ca-de-bou
- 5. Colors
- 6. Care and maintenance
- 7. How to choose a puppy
- 8. Price for a puppy of the Ca-de-Bo breed
- 9. Ca-de-Bo Photos
- 10. Video
History of the Major Mastiff breed
His homeland is the Mediterranean island of Mallorca (Spanish: Mallorca), the largest in the Balearic archipelago. The breed was bred by crossing an Iberian Mastiff with an English fighting dog introduced to the islands in the 13th century. The goal is protection and brutal combat, inevitable in that era. The result met expectations – Ca-de-Bo is fully endowed with protective and warlike qualities. Further selection was made in a merciless natural way:
- Only a bitch was engaged in raising offspring;
- During childbirth, no one intervened in the process, that is, the “problem” mother died with her offspring;
- The slightest aggression towards the owner had one outcome – the destruction of the individual;
- The complete absence of vaccinations led to natural selection – the strongest survived, transferring this power to their offspring;
Tough methods made the breed almost perfect: strong, courageous, intelligent and tolerant. That is why the dog became a full participant in bullfighting later, in the 18th century. Then he was given the name Ca-de-Bo, that is, “bull dog”. However, the “hardening” had a significant disadvantage – the breed could cease to exist. Fortunately, this did not happen.
Later, history made a “turn” again – bullfighting was banned in the country, and fighting dogs were no longer needed. Only a few survived.
In 1923, the Major Mastiff is mentioned in the Spanish studbook, the official record will be made later – in 1929, after performing at an exhibition in Barcelona. But these were single representatives, that is, the revival of the breed was required. But few people were interested in her, interest arose sporadically only among enthusiasts. Nevertheless, by the end of the 20th century, the world received a titled dog, recognized in 1997 by the IFS. True, it was registered with a new name – Perrault Dogo Mallorquin.
Characteristics and description of the ca-de-bou
The first impression is often misleading to the observer: the dog seems incredibly massive. This effect is created by his robust, muscular physique. In fact, the size of the Ca-de-Bo is medium, you cannot call this dog large. But this fact does not prevent him from being really strong.
And also Ca-de-Bo is a true mastiff! Each facet of this dog is clearly delineated: a head with a developed jaw, a long tail, neat ears laid in the form of a “rose”, a thick long tail without kinks, hard short hair. Sex differences are obvious, first of all they are indicated by the shape of the head (with cables it is more rounded). The dog’s figure is somewhat stretched, which only emphasizes its massiveness. The adopted standards allow us to preserve the purity of this unique breed.
Basic standards of the ca-de-bou breed
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By standards, the height of males at the withers can reach 58 cm (weight up to 38 kg), the height of bitches at the withers reaches 55 cm (up to 34 kg). This breed is directly related to Molossians, and the standards only underline this similarity:
- Strong, well-developed head with a wide conical muzzle, which is 1/3 of the length of the skull;
- The nose with a black lobe is also well developed; the straight nasal bridge is slightly turned up;
- The upper lip, when viewed from the side, overlaps the lower one, so the dog’s teeth are not visible;
- Large, slanting, deep-set eyes, set wide apart;
- The ears are small, triangular in shape, rolled up in the form of a “rose”; stop them is not allowed;
- Neck, thick and strong, fully consistent with the structure of the body;
- Widely spaced shoulder blades make the deep chest appear wide;
- The limbs are strong and muscular: the front legs are moderately short, the hind legs are prominent;
- The body is tucked up, let’s say a slight dewlap of the skin in the neck;
- The coat is short, stiff;
Three colors are preferred: black, brindle, deer.
The character of the ca-de-bou
High intelligence and tremendous poise endow the dog with virtues that not every breed can boast. He is not just affectionate towards his household, it is better to call his attitude towards them careful. It applies to all family members. A dog’s patience is amazing, especially for children. He can only be intolerant in battle, when he receives a command, or when a stranger does not inspire confidence. In the latter case, alertness immediately arises, intelligence turns on. This breed also has an amazing flair that allows the dog to be sure of the intention of uninvited guests. Attacks Ca-de-Bo only when there is an obvious threat. He tolerates acquaintances of his family, does not offend, even is supportive of them, but in the absence of the owners, he will not let them into the house. Everyone who comes to him is not a family!
Ca-de-Bo is loyal to other animals, moreover, he is inclined to patronize those who are weaker. Finds a common language with lightning speed. But this applies mainly to dogs and cats, since this breed still does not like rodents and poultry.
The color palette is “laconic”: black, fawn (deer or red) and brindle. But such “laconicism” does not prejudice the breed at all, thanks to it it is much easier to make a choice.
Care and maintenance
The average age of the Major Mastiff is 15 years. The dog’s health is excellent, that is, it will get sick sooner from poor care than from a genetic predisposition. It is worth noting the common diseases that this fearless animal is occasionally susceptible to:
- food allergy;
- dysplasia of the hip and elbow joints;
For the rest, caring for a dog is about hygiene, housekeeping and upbringing..
Here general concepts are meant: washing, combing, eye care, etc. It is not recommended to wash such a dog often – once a month, or even less often. It is necessary to comb it out every two days, for which a rubber brush is used. It is imperative to keep your eyes / ears clean. Special products and saline solutions are suitable here (for example, chlorhexidine solution can be used to wash the eyes). Caring for claws that need to be cut is implied a priori.
Like any large dog, the Major Mastiff needs meat, which is the basis of the daily diet. There are practically no restrictions in this direction, which is due to the strength of the body, but reasoning will be required: it is worth choosing those types of meat that are more easily absorbed by the dog’s body, do not disrupt liver function and do not cause allergies. Supplement the diet with minerals, vitamins, etc., which are found in cereals, vegetables and fruits. Bones are a great substitute for factory “snacks”. You should refrain from desserts.
It is necessary to feed the dog at a certain time of the day, so it will get accustomed to order, learn discipline. At puppyhood, foods with a high calcium content are added to the diet: cottage cheese, cartilage, etc. This contributes to the correct formation of the skeleton.
The most crucial period in the life of a Major Mastiff is the first year when a puppy is able to declare that he has character. So, this character will need to be directed in the right direction. Yes, a puppy can be stubborn, wayward. Here you need not only a steady hand, it will take patience and enough time to work with your baby. Early socialization is a prerequisite at first; if time is lost, it will not be possible to correct the “error” later. And at any age, this animal needs good walks – long and interesting.
These dogs lend themselves well to training, understanding any command at a glance. But here sex also plays a role: the males are quite stubborn. Raise a real loyal dog, it’s worth it.
How to choose a puppy
If you have a desire to have such a dog, find a good kennel or a good breeder. Next, make sure of your choice. A good breeder is someone who keeps the breed clean. The slightest deviation in this case will not meet expectations: there will be a bias either in the character of the dog, or in its constitution.
Ca-de-Bo puppies are taken to the house no earlier than 1.5 or 2 months. When choosing, be sure to pay attention to the bump on the head, which indicates the size of the future dog: the larger this bump, the larger it will be when it grows up.
An important criterion is behavior. Everything here should be in moderation: activity, courage, curiosity. Watch him. A good puppy is sure to make you smile.
Price for a puppy of the Ca-de-Bo breed
It is possible to talk about the cost of a puppy only approximately, since many factors are involved in its formation: pedigree, region, class of the puppy, etc. The average price for a puppy is 50 thousand rubles. Cheaper, for 10 – 15 thousand rubles, you can buy a mestizo or a puppy with marriage. In this case, there is no guarantee of the safety of the breed qualities, although it is not a fact, it is worthwhile to thoroughly study the parents and draw conclusions. Once the goal is known, the choice is easier. A good puppy is worth any money.