A peculiar appearance, a peaceful character, a demeanor – these qualities of the English Bulldog attract many.
The content of the article:
- 1. History of the origin of the breed
- 2. Description of the breed
- 3. English Bulldog character
- 4. English Bulldog and other pets
- 5. English Bulldog Care
- 6. Nutrition
- 7. English Bulldog Training
- 8. English Bulldog Health
- 9. English bulldog. Puppy price
- 10. Photo of dogs – English Bulldog
- 11. English Bulldog videos
History of the origin of the breed
Dogs of this breed were originally bred in England as bull fighters. Today, bulldogs are no longer used for fighting bulls, but breeders have tried to preserve the basic fighting qualities of bulldogs and have been very successful in this.
It is believed that the breed began to form in the middle of the XVI-XVII centuries. The original purpose of the breed was to attack bulls. The name bulldog literally translates from English as “bull dog”. Bull-baiting was a popular sight among all walks of life in those days. The dog grabbed the bull by the nose, lip or tongue and hung without unclenching its strong jaws. The first breed standard was adopted in 1875.
However, in the middle of the 20th century, breeding of show dogs, short, wide-chested and stocky, came into fashion. As a result of selection, the English Bulldog lost its aggressiveness and anger, and its peaceful disposition is described in the modern breed standard.
English Bulldogs have a special place in the history of dog breeding. English Bulldogs are related to many other breeds: American, French and various breeds not recognized by the FCI. The famous descendant of the Bulldog is the Molossian – a boxer from Germany, whose history begins in the city of Munich in the second half of the 19th century. Over the years, attempts have been made to cross bulldogs with various breeds of terriers in order to obtain dogs that would combine the best qualities of one and the other breed..
The first results of such crosses (early 19th century) were Bull and Terriers, which became very famous in bloody sports. Popular and spectacular were: high-speed baiting of a flock of rats (ratting), badger baiting (“free” or “in a box”). And, of course, dog fights, where Bull and Terriers were invincible. But the bred dogs were very different from each other, therefore they were not considered a breed. Rather, they were mistaken for a new fighting type.
A memorable year in the history of the Bulldogs was 1862, when James Hinks (Birmingham) presented a white bull terrier, which he bred to the public. The breed was the result of a long-term experiment, the participants of which were a bulldog, a white English terrier and a Dalmatian.
The selectors have done a great job of changing the qualities of the breed. There is speculation that the actual appearance of the bulldog will not change in the future. Some connoisseurs of the breed are still experimenting to return the English Bulldog to its original appearance and qualities for which this breed was so famous..
Description of the breed
The English Bulldog is a smooth-haired, stocky, short dog of compact, athletic build. Bitches are inferior to males in massive constitution.
The current breed standard was approved in 2004.
English Bulldog weight: Males weigh about 25 kg, females – about 23 kg.
- Head. The perimeter of the skull, measured in front of the ears, is approximately equal to the height of the dog. Seen from the front, the head should be high from the corner of the lips of the lower jaw to the dome of the skull. In addition, the head should be wide and square. The cheekbones are round, filled under the eyes. Seen from the side, the head is high and short from the occiput to the tip of the nose. The forehead is flat. The skin on the forehead and head is in thick folds. The forehead is neither rounded nor convex towards the muzzle. The frontal bones are prominent, wide, square and high. Frontal groove, deep and wide, being an element of the foot, runs from the middle of the skull to the base of the nose.
- Ears are small, thin, hanging on cartilage, set high, set far and high from the eyes.
- The eyes are set low, set wide apart, preferably as far from the ears as possible. The eyes look straight ahead, they are round and medium in size, the color is as dark as possible. The nose of the English Bulldog is very short, the muzzle is wide, upturned. The nose is wide, large and black, the nostrils are wide, the color of the nose is black.
- English Bulldog bite – undershot, lower jaw protruding and curved upward. The jaws are wide, massive, the teeth are strong and the large incisors of the lower jaw are of the same size. The lips, which are also called flews, are dense, thick, pendulous. They completely cover the lower jaw and teeth, which should not be visible when the dog’s mouth is closed..
- The body in dogs is short, with tight joints. Topline – with a hollow just behind the withers, rising to the lower back. To the base of the tail, the topline descends, forming a “sail” or arch – a characteristic feature of the breed..
- The chest is very voluminous, deep and wide, it sinks low between the forelegs. Ribs well sprung. The back of the English Bulldog is strong and short, broad at the shoulders and tapering towards the loins..
- The forelimbs of the English Bulldog are short, muscular and very strong. They are widely spaced, and due to the strongly developed forearms, they appear curved. The elbows are slightly away from the body. Feet are compact and medium in size. The toes are well arched, well separated; the nails are short. Feet directed straight forward or slightly outward.
- The hind legs of the English Bulldog are longer than the front ones, the loin rises above the withers. The thigh is strong and sufficiently long. The lower leg is short, straight and strong. Paws are strong, their size is medium. The nails are short, the toes are arched. Paws directed to the sides (in the layout).
- The tail is short, set low and directed downward. It fits snugly to the body and does not rise above the back. At the base, the tail is thick, tapering to the tip. It can be either straight or corkscrew. Straight tail in cross section, round, corkscrew – with clear bends and loops.
- The coat of the English Bulldog is short, straight, tight-fitting, shiny and smooth, soft to the touch. Wool should not curl, have fringes or feathers.
The color of the English Bulldog can be varied, but always clean and bright. Acceptable colors: white, fawn, piebald, red, brindle, brindle white.
English Bulldog character
Bulldogs do not need serious physical activity. Bulldogs have a friendly nature, they do not like to bark; these dogs nevertheless make excellent watchmen. Bulldogs are supportive of other pets, although sometimes they are somewhat aggressive towards unfamiliar dogs.
English Bulldogs are very serious and loyal dogs. They are in dire need of human attention and are not suitable for people who do not have enough time for their pets.
This breed was bred as companion dogs, so they require constant attention from their owners. Dogs of this breed are usually very calm and well-behaved, although they are considered the dominant breed and should know who is in charge.
English Bulldogs are happy to please their master, and quickly understand what they want from them. They are a great companion not only for humans, but also for dogs and other pets..
Early socialization is important for this breed, primarily because some English Bulldogs can be somewhat aggressive, especially in non-neutered males.
Most English Bulldogs are well suited for keeping with small or older children, as they can be patient with children and the elderly. However, if a child wants a dog that will run and play with him all day, then the slow-moving English Bulldog is not very well suited for such a role.
The relationship between bulldogs and children is a separate very interesting story. Sometimes you get the impression that Bulldogs are simply made to babysit small children. Many bulldogs love to play with children, babies can jerk and run with dogs without worrying about their safety. More often a dog needs protection from children than babies.
Bulldogs are quite large in size, so you should teach him to be careful from early childhood. During the game, the dog may accidentally push the child or drop it. Train your puppy to be gentle with children. From childhood, bulldogs need to be taught how to communicate with children, but not only this. The world around a bulldog should be filled with emotions and images. He must learn as much as possible about the world around him..
English Bulldogs have a unique personality. Some people mistake their slow response to commands as lazy, but those familiar with the breed know that Bulldogs prefer to think about a command before executing it.
English Bulldogs are by nature thinkers and love to solve various problems. They are also very good travelers and would love to travel by car. A well trained and socialized English Bulldog is an excellent companion dog.
One case is enough for the puppy to completely trust you. The information will be imprinted in his memory that when he is with you, he is not so scared, because you can always protect him. It will become much easier for the puppy to cope with stressful situations associated with fear in the new environment..
English Bulldog and other pets
Bulldogs must constantly interact with dogs that are softer, kinder and less prone to leadership. Fighting dogs often violate the boundaries of what is permitted when communicating. Many bulldogs can attack a puppy, bitch or dog-rival – they do not pay attention to the status of the rival. But this behavior of bulldogs is quite understandable, because in the beginning these dogs were trained as real fighters. They were trained to take part in mortal battles.
English Bulldog Care
The short and very smooth coat of the English Bulldog is easy to care for. Brush your English Bulldog two or three times a week with a stiff-bristled brush.
It is important that the folds on the face of the English Bulldog are always clean, for this they must be regularly wiped with a damp cotton pad. If this is not done, an infection may develop in the folds. First wipe the crease with a slightly damp cotton pad, then dry. Never leave a crease wet or use soap or other detergent, as this can cause irritation and an allergic reaction.
Bathing the English Bulldog is necessary only as needed. Bathing too often leads to dry skin and can cause itching, flaking and irritation of the skin.
If the dog becomes dirty it can be wiped off with a damp cloth. Check your dog’s nails regularly, trim them in time, they should not delaminate and be sharp. English Bulldog teeth also require regular brushing.
Despite their awkwardness and stockiness, English Bulldogs are quite active dogs that need regular exercise. Since they are prone to rapid weight gain and some are even obese, regular walking is very important for this breed. English Bulldogs, very solid by nature, are not very inclined to active movements of their own free will, so sometimes they need to be forced or motivated to a more active lifestyle.
It is impossible to load the English Bulldogs with physical exercises in very hot and cold weather. In the cold, the short hair of the bulldog does not provide him with practically any protection, and in the heat in dogs with a similar anatomical structure of the skull, heatstroke can occur, moreover, very quickly.
The two most important rules for feeding the English Bulldog: do not overfeed and do not allow a sharp change in diet. The first threatens obesity, the second – allergies. From unfamiliar food, dogs often begin to itch, covered with a rash. If the bulldog is accustomed to certain foods – let him eat it all his life, such monotony is only good for him.
English Bulldog Training
It is better to start raising a puppy from the very first weeks of his life. Scientists have proven that dogs learn the material best between the ages of six months and a year. This time must be used to the fullest, and not leave everything for later. It doesn’t take much effort to teach a small puppy anything.
But don’t forget that sometimes Bulldogs are very stubborn. If a task cannot be completed for a long time, it is better to postpone it to a later date. It is necessary to distract the puppy a little from the annoying occupation.
The breed standard does not provide for testing the working qualities of dogs. At exhibitions, English Bulldogs must demonstrate conformation and obedience, and dogs not participating in such events must be able to behave in society, know the basic commands.
Be prepared for the bulldog not to learn the commands too quickly, but reliably. It is important to gradually accustom a dog that will participate in exhibitions to crowds of people and dogs. Walking in busy places will help with this..
English Bulldog Health
A short nose and short airways are the reason that Bulldogs are susceptible to heatstroke and very poorly tolerate its effects. When transporting a dog in a car during the hot season, you will need ice packs. First aid for overheating – clearing the respiratory tract of mucus. In case of heatstroke, see your veterinarian immediately.
If you are planning to have an English Bulldog bitch, know that this is the only dog breed in the world whose puppies are born as a result of a planned cesarean section. This measure is necessary because of the peculiarities of the anatomy of dogs: puppies have large heads, and bitches have a narrow pelvis.
English Bulldogs are prone to the following diseases:
- Cherry eye
- Dermatitis of skin folds
- Interdigital dermatitis
- Dysplasia of the hip joint
- Congenital dislocation of the elbow
- Tracheal hypoplasia
- Brachycephalic syndrome
- Difficult childbirth
- Vaginal hyperplasia
- Ventricular septal defect
- Fallot’s tetrad
- Aortic stenosis
English bulldog. Puppy price
On average in Russia, the cost will be about 40,000-50,000 rubles.
You can, of course, find it cheaper, but my opinion is that it is not worth it, since you can get who knows who and what it will grow into is also not clear.
Therefore, buy a puppy from trusted breeders.!
Photo of dogs – English Bulldog
English Bulldog videos
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