An elegant speckled “outfit”, brilliant decorating coat, an attentive gentle look, no aggressiveness towards people and pets, excellent intelligence, sociability and a desire to guess the mood of the owner – a “portrait” of an ideal companion.
The content of the article:
- 1. History of the origin of the breed
- 2. Description of the breed
- 3. The character of the English Setter
- 4. English Setter and other pets
- 5. English Setter Care
- 6. English Setter Nutrition
- 7. English Setter Training
- 8. English Setter Health
- 9. Estimated cost of an English Setter puppy
- 10. English Setter Pictures
- 11. Video
History of the origin of the breed
In cynological literature, the word “setter” was first recorded in 1570. But this does not mean at all that earlier in England there were no dogs with a stance. The formation of cops, that is, dogs with a stand of “postless” dogs, went on for several centuries. They were needed when hunting for birds with a net appeared. This hunting reached its peak by the XIV century. It was at this time, that is, in the late Middle Ages, that the breeding of dogs that met these requirements began. Using the innate property of many predatory animals, including dogs, to end creeping up to the game by hiding before jumping on the game and selecting those who have this property to the greatest extent among such hiding dogs, hunters gradually got what they were looking for – dogs with a staunch, the progenitors of modern cops. The development of gun hunting put forward new requirements for breeds: now dogs were needed that not only puff on birds and stop in front of them, but also raise them on the wing on command. It was then that the last stage of the transformation of old cops into modern setters began. This transformation took a lot of time and effort.
By the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century, the process of improving the old setters was almost completed, and they became very popular in England among fans of gun hunting for birds. At this time, setters were another breed, but gradually in the three regions of the British Isles – England, Ireland and Scotland – setters began to take shape, with some differences from each other. Various hunting conditions played an important role in this. In the middle of the 19th century in Britain, the question of dividing setters into three independent breeds was increasingly raised. At the first English hunting dog show, held in 1859, all setters were in the same ring, without division by breed. But already from 1860, Irish-type dogs were allocated for a separate examination, and in 1861 the setters were divided into three independent breeds, and their further breeding was carried out, as a rule, clean.
Modern English setters owe their appearance to Sir Edward Laureck (1800-1877), who developed his own breed line as a result of painstaking breeding, as well as to R. Purcell Llewreck (1840-1925), who took the Laivrek breed in order to develop on its basis line of working setters. Spaniels are considered to be the ancestors of the current breed of English Setters.
The ancestors of the breed are large spaniels brought to the UK from Spain. Initially, the breed was called “setting spaniels”, from the English verb to set – to do a stand, and the setters were not divided into varieties. To improve the hunting qualities, the blood of greyhounds, hounds, retrievers, pointers was added to the breed. Later the name was shortened to “setter”, and the prevailing colors of dogs in different parts of the country became the basis for dividing the breed into English, Scottish and Irish setters. For the first time breed groups were presented as independent in 1860 at an exhibition in Birmingham. English Setters are sometimes called “Laveracs” – after the name of the breeder who has done a lot to develop and improve the breed.
According to legend, greyhounds and Foxhounds were used as improvers. Setters were brought to Russia in the 70s of the 19th century and are still very popular among hunters..
Description of the breed
The English Setter is an exceptionally friendly and good-natured dog, considered one of the oldest gun dogs. The body of the English Setter is covered with wavy, long, slightly silky hair with a curly undercoat. The most common colors are lemon white, liver white, black and white, tricolor. We also add that these dogs have drooping ears, forming folds, tightly pressed to the head.
- The head of the English Setter is long, moderately dry, the transition from the forehead to the nose is well defined, the skull is rounded.
- The ears are set low, hanging down in folds along the cheeks. The length of the ears is medium, the upper part of the ear is covered with silky hair and the tips of the ears are velvety.
- The eyes are oval, not protruding. Color from dark brown to hazel. The darker the eye color, the better, however, for a liver-belton (brown-speckled) dog, a lighter shade is acceptable. The look is clear, expressive and soft.
- The nose of the English Setter is straight. The nose is brown or black according to the color of the dog. Well open nostrils, wide.
- The bite in dogs is scissor, even and correct. The muzzle is almost square, the lips should not be too loose.
- The body in dogs of moderate length, the loin is somewhat arched, broad and muscular.
- The chest is deep in front and wide between the shoulder blades. Ribs well sprung, well sprung.
- The back of the English Setter breed is short and straight.
- The forelegs are muscular, straight, with elbows close to the body. Paws well arched, well padded and well arched toes.
- The hind limbs of the English Setter are covered with developed muscles, the thighs are long. The toes are well arched and tightly knit, with a protective coat growing between the toes. Developed pads.
- The tail is of medium length. Set on almost level with the back. Saber or slightly curved, but not curved upward. Decorating hair grows from the base of the tail, towards the middle of the tail, the length of the hair increases, towards the tip it shortens. Decorating hair is shiny, silky, long, wavy (not curly!). When moving, the dog carries its tail at the level of the back or slightly below, and happily waves it.
- The coat of the English Setter is somewhat wavy behind the ears, but not curly. Like all hair on a dog’s body, it is long and silky. On the back and front legs – decorating hair.
The color of the English setter is black and speckled (blue belton), lemon speckled (lemon belton), orange speckled (orange belton), brown speckled (liver belton). Uniform specks are preferred over large spots. Belton is the name of an English village traditionally used to name the colors of English setters. The term “belton” was introduced by E. Laverak, which significantly influenced the classic appearance of the breed.
The character of the English Setter
The English Setter is one of the most polite, balanced, truly intelligent breeds. Setters are affectionate, kind, loyal to the owner. Sociable, love children, play with them with pleasure. All teams are memorized after several workouts, and everything is done with pleasure. But the best results can be achieved by changing occupations, otherwise the setter will quickly become bored. Stubbornness is inherent.
The breed has an unrivaled scent. He is tough, agile and very fast. All these qualities will manifest themselves if the dog constantly feels the attention and love of the owner.
The question of the owner of the dog must be decided immediately when buying a puppy. One person should feed, raise and care for the puppy.
The English Setter is an excellent hunter who possesses tireless energy, agility, endurance and a keen sense of smell. On the hunt, it is characterized by a creeping gallop, flowing cat movements and peculiar stances, which make it clear to the hunter about the location of the prey. At home, the English Setter is affectionate and sociable. Children, for this breed, are the best friends in whom they do not like souls. With English setters, you can easily travel, as they just love to ride in a car and spend a lot of time with their owners. These dogs almost never bark, they are suitable for keeping both in an apartment and in a country house, which makes them wonderful house dogs.
English setters cannot stand being alone, so they are not suitable for busy people. If you have your own site, then be prepared for the fact that your English Setter will dig the earth for you. Long, thick hair should be combed out and cleaned regularly (especially after hunting) so that it does not form tangles and is smooth and silky.
The English Setter gets along very well with children, who can exhibit them even at professional exhibitions.
Developed flair, endurance, quick gallop and unusually spectacular stance are the traits of a born hunter. Becoming the owner of an English setter, you can hunt with him or just enjoy the company of an intelligent and intelligent dog – depending on your preferences and lifestyle.
Spectacular color, harmonious constitution, developed intelligence and flexible character make the English setter a wonderful companion and an excellent hunter. However, hunting skills require development and strengthening, training with a specialist and time. If hunting is not one of your hobbies, remember that the dog needs long active walks (at least an hour a day) as well as constant communication with the owner. No matter how attractive this breed may seem to you, think – will you be able to devote enough time to your pet, won’t he be left to himself?
Does exercise and communication with a dog bring you joy and do not seem like a tedious “obligation”? Wonderful! English setters get along easily with other pets, are not prone to loud barking for no reason, they are neat and tidy. Who your dog will become – just a family member, affectionate and friendly, or a loyal companion, an irreplaceable assistant on the hunt – depends only on you!
English Setter and other pets
English setters get along well with other pets.
English Setter Care
An area of special attention when caring for an English Setter is the dog’s long ears. They fit snugly against the head and need to be cleaned regularly. This will prevent the accumulation of sulfur and the development of otitis media. Comb the dog regularly, and then wipe it with a damp towel – then you won’t have to bathe the setter. However, the dogs participating in the shows will still need bathing – for the coat to acquire a shining, well-groomed appearance.
The setter’s ears are regularly wiped with a damp swab and checked for ticks. Ear mites and accumulated wax can cause otitis media. The dog’s eyes are wiped with a swab dipped in strong brewed tea. The animal’s teeth are cleaned with a special toothbrush that is put on the finger. Special-purpose bones can be purchased for cleaning teeth.
In the house, the English setter needs to allocate a corner, far from drafts, and arrange a soft couch for him. A children’s orthopedic mattress is suitable.
The peculiarities of the coat of the setters include molting. So, the soft, silky hair of the puppy period is shed unevenly: the hair along the spine changes first, and then on the sides. When the dog reaches 12 months old, the coat takes on its complete appearance.
Before a year, it is not required to carry out any processing of wool, except for general hygiene. For hair care during this period, you will need: a dog mitt, a brush with stiff bristles and combs that have round teeth in cross-section – rare and frequent, scissors, straight hairdressing and thinning, as well as lanolin.
Shampooing the hair of the setter is rare, as it gets dirty. Dousing with water in the summer is often possible; swimming in open clean water bodies will only benefit the wool. In the case of a walk in slush, it is required to put the decorating hair in proper shape, taking into account the benefits of lanolin after washing. Setter feet require normal grooming. The difficulty is cutting the paws, which must be mastered at the very beginning: check the length of the claws, and, if necessary, shorten them. It is convenient to do this with scissors: cut the hair between the pads of the fingers, in the spaces between the toes, thinning scissors are convenient to use for cutting the hair from the top of the paw to the second phalanx, thus getting a round, “cat” foot.
After walking, the wool is regularly brushed out of the bristles. Beautifying hair should be brushed 1-2 times a week. To do this, first use a rare, and then frequent combs, carefully make sure that no tangles are formed (often near the elbow, behind the ears and on the stomach). On the head, the hair is trimmed with thinning scissors when required.
The described procedures are sufficient for regular grooming of a dog for up to a year.
To participate in exhibitions on the exterior, an additional set is required: a stripping comb, a knife, a hair clipper, spray varnish with lanolin.
The dog, which is displayed in the ring, has a sculpted head, with a pronounced occipital protuberance; the neck is set high, in a smooth, slightly convex arc passes into the withers, which stands out well above the level of the back; the back is strong, straight; the loin is somewhat convex, muscular; wide croup, slightly sloping; the chest is deep, well developed; the forelegs are parallel; the straight hind legs are muscular with well-developed articulation. The coat on the shoulders, neck, sides, outer surfaces of the thighs, tail is straight, not wavy, close fitting.
How can this be achieved? Shortly before the show (from two to one and a half weeks, depending on how quickly its coat grows back), the dog is washed using a mild neutral shampoo. Then it is recommended to rub in the balm and rinse the wool.
Dry the animal, comb the hair with a mitten in the direction of its growth. When the coat dries, it is necessary to apply varnish with lanolin evenly over the entire surface of the back, along the spine. In this case, the varnish should not get on the ears, neck, head and paws. If necessary, process the feet as described above. Special attention should be paid to the neck, shoulders, sides and outer surfaces of the thighs and tail – hair that puffs up or twists into rings, falls in waves, is plucked using the plucking technique.
The lower adjacent surface of the base of the tail, like the anus, is cut short with a clipper. The thick, beautifull hair should fall vertically to the hock. The back of the metatarsus is shortened when the hocks are well developed. The preparation of the ears is as follows: by a third of their length from the base, it is necessary to partially free them from the fringe. It is convenient to do this with an electric clipper, avoiding obvious differences in hair length. The throat between the line that connects the corners of the lips to a place five centimeters above the fossa in the sternum is cut with a clipper in the direction of hair growth or plucked out with a stripping knife so that the remaining hair, adjoining tightly, barely hides the dog’s skin.
Before the show, it is recommended to wash the dog completely, or to bring the coat to good condition.
English Setter Nutrition
Like other large dogs, English Setters are prone to hip dysplasia. Therefore, a balanced diet is very important, especially when the puppy is growing up. Avoid sudden changes in diet so as not to provoke allergies.
English Setter Training
The English Setter is an active animal. Moreover, he needs it: lack of physical activity will have a detrimental effect on the dog’s health. In this case, any active games will be appropriate; you can also train your pet to chase your bike. Such a great workout will certainly be beneficial.
This breed is considered the most obedient among the setters, they are quick-witted and easily trained. The main thing is to focus on communication, teamwork, and not mechanical execution of commands. If you are going to hunt with your pet, consider contacting a coaching specialist who can identify and develop the breed’s hunting skills..
English Setter Health
There are cases of hip dysplasia. Of particular note is the genetically inherited tendency of English Setters to become blind due to the pathology of retinal development. Sometimes there is an allergy to plant pollen, medicines, etc. Sometimes allergic manifestations are the result of experiments with diet.
Of the diseases inherent in the breed, a tendency to blindness can be noted. Be careful when choosing a puppy, check his pedigree and documents. In general, the breed is in good health, the main thing is to provide the English Setter with the necessary physical activity. Some dogs may be prone to plant pollen allergies, be careful in summer and contact your veterinarian promptly.
Estimated cost of an English Setter puppy
The price of English Setter puppies fluctuates approximately in the range of 25,000-6,000 rubles.
English Setter Pictures
Materials for the article were taken from the following sites: