If one day an adorable French Bulldog puppy settles in your house, you are unlikely to ever regret it. Having got to know this amazing breed better, you will become a fan of the French Bulldog forever. It should be noted that from year to year the number of French Bulldog lovers in the world is growing, and over the past years, the French Bulldog has invariably been included in the five most widespread breeds in the world..
The content of the article:
- 1. History of the origin of the breed
- 2. Breed description French Bulldog
- 3. French Bulldog personality
- 4. French Bulldog and other pets
- 5. French Bulldog Care
- 6. Eating the French Bulldog
- 7. Training your French Bulldog
- 8. French Bulldog Health
- 9. Estimated cost of a French Bulldog puppy
- 10. Photos of French Bulldog
- 11. Video
History of the origin of the breed
There are several versions of the origin of the French Bulldog. According to one of them, among the ancestors of the French Bulldog there are medieval Alans – Spanish Bulldogs, who have now disappeared. These were large, short-faced dogs, which were initially used exclusively for guarding and escorting cattle. A little later, they were made indispensable participants in bullfights. The most famous center of these competitions was the city of Burgos, where the Burgos Bulldogs participated in the battles – dogs resembling the modern French Bulldog with large erect ears.
In the work of George Crail, it is shown very convincingly, on the basis of documentary facts, that the ancestors of the French Bulldogs lived in Spain for several centuries. Crail provided a photograph of an ancient bronze plate with the inscription “Dogue de Bourgos, Espana 1625” depicting a dog with erect ears and snub-nosed muzzle, very reminiscent of a French bulldog and undoubtedly belonging to the “bulldog family.”
According to the most common theory, the French Bulldog inherited a lot from its ancestor, the Old English Bulldog. A very large similarity can be found when comparing the appearance of these breeds, especially in the structure of the body. The English Bulldog is descended from the Molossian Great Dane. These fighting dogs have long belonged to the Greek Molossi family from ancient Athens. Great Danes were brought to Great Britain, and their smaller descendants, small English Bulldogs or Toy Bulldogs, which they were fond of in England in the middle of the 19th century, were used for a long time to entertain the nobility, taking part in bull-baiting.
In the middle of the XIX century. British light industry was in an acute crisis. The machines drove people out. Unemployed English weavers were forced to emigrate to France. They carried with them a reminder of England – the Bulldog.
Toy Bulldogs have become extremely popular in France. London dealers began to specialize in their export and the export of Toy Bulldogs reached such proportions that it completely eliminated their livestock in England.
And then the formation of the breed took place in France. It is believed that the crossing of the Spanish (Burgos) Bulldog with the English (Toy Bulldogs) brought from England, possibly also with terriers and pugs, led to the creation of a new breed in which the body of a reduced English Bulldog was combined with the head of the Burgos, and erect ears on a short bulldog face have become one of the main features of the breed. There is no exact documentary data reflecting the work of French dog handlers, but it is quite obvious that during the 19th century such work was carried out, however, without an entry in the stud books.
The French bulldog acquired its final, familiar to all appearance as a result of the selection work of French dog handlers in about 1880. Breed historian Jennette Brownie wrote: “… I argue that it was the French who made the French Bulldog the compact, straight-legged, short-faced, playful and bright little dog of today, and they achieved this by avoiding the English Bulldog as much as possible.”
We see that the formation of the breed proceeded in difficult conditions of struggle not only for the appearance, but also for the character of the future representatives of the breed. However, of all the listed “shortcomings”, the British changed only the tail, which in the modern French Bulldog is from birth very short and strongly curved, like that of the English Bulldog.
Breed description French Bulldog
A typical small molossus. Impressive in power when small in size, short, stocky, compact overall, with short smooth coat, snub-nosed muzzle, erect ears and short tail from birth.
Must look like an active, intelligent dog, with very well developed muscles and strong bones.
- IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The length of the body, from the shoulder-blade joint to the point of the buttock, is slightly greater than the height at the withers. The length of the muzzle is approximately 1/6 of the total length of the head.
- Head: should be massive, wide and fit into a square; the skin on the head forms symmetrical moderately pronounced folds and wrinkles.
- The head of the French Bulldog is characterized by shortening of the maxillary and nasal bones, as well as a slight tilt of the lobe and nasal bridge back. The nose is slightly turned up (“snub-nosed muzzle”).
- Nose: black, wide, upturned; the nostrils are symmetrical and well open, directed obliquely back. In this case, the inclination of the nostrils, as well as the upturned nose, should not obstruct normal nasal breathing..
- Muzzle: very short, wide; with concentric symmetrical folds.
- Lips: Thick, slightly drooping and black. The upper and lower lips close in the middle and completely cover the teeth. The profile of the well-developed upper lip is slightly rounded. The tongue should never be seen unless the dog is agitated.
- Jaws / Teeth: Broad and powerful. The lower jaw projects forward relative to the upper and bends upward. The arch of the lower incisors is rounded. There should be no lateral jaw displacement or misalignment. The amount of movement between the incisors of the upper and lower jaws is not strictly limited; the main condition: when closing the lips, the teeth are completely closed. The incisors of the lower jaw are located in front of the upper ones. Incisors and canines well developed.
- Eyes: wide open; their expressiveness is emphasized by attentive and lively expression; Set on low and far enough from the nose and ears; dark in color; rather large, rounded, the whites of the eyes should not be visible when the dog is looking forward. The lids should be black.
- Ears: Medium in size, with a wide base and rounded ends. Set high on the head, but not too close together, erect. The auricles are turned forward. The skin should be thin and soft to the touch.
- Neck: Short, strong, slightly arched, no dewlap, widening towards the shoulders.
- Back: Broad, muscular, firm and without sagging.
- Chest: Cylindrical, barrel-shaped due to very well sprung ribs, deep (drooping slightly below the elbows); The forechest is wide and fits square when viewed from the front. Underline and belly: Tucked up, but not as sharp as in Greyhounds.
- Tail: Short from birth; ideally long enough to cover the anus; Set on low, fairly straight, thick at base and tapering towards the tip. Bends, knobby seals and kinks are permissible, as well as a relatively long tail that does not reach the hock joints. The dog carries the tail low and even in motion, without raising it above the horizontal line.
- Forefeet: Round, compact, small, so-called “feline”, slightly turned outward. The toes are tightly closed, the nails are short, thick, and black. Hind feet round, compact, turning neither in nor out..
- Coat: short and smooth, close-fitting, shiny and soft, no undercoat.
- Color: light fawn to red, with or without brindle, with or without white spots.
French Bulldog personality
The secret of the French Bulldog lies in his extraordinary intelligence, charm and character. As with most dog breeds, the origins of the French Bulldog are shrouded in mystery. Although this breed is relatively young, there is no reliable information about the origin.
Currently, the French Bulldog is a decorative dog, cheerful with a benevolent character, obedient and quick-witted. Finally, it is an affectionate animal, a great companion for any family. The French Bulldog is the favorite dog of children. Having a French Bulldog, you can be sure that he will never bite a child.
Do not allow participation in random fights, pay attention to the dog – then your companion will always delight you. He will bring toys to the guests and offer a game, and if he sees that he is not welcome now, he will not be annoying. You can easily take your pet on trips, it fits perfectly in a bag and easily transfers this method of transportation!
French Bulldog and other pets
The French Bulldog is not characterized by anger towards people and animals. The French Bulldog has a good stable psyche, never shows aggression first.
French Bulldog Care
From the earliest days of your French Bulldog puppy, you need to be trained to do things like brushing, brushing ears, eyes, clipping nails and other hygiene procedures.
Hair care. The fur of the French Bulldog does not fade and does not have a specific “doggy” smell; it does not remain on either upholstered furniture or your clothes.
It is necessary to comb the puppy from the first day. The coat of any puppy needs to be brushed more regularly, especially when changing from puppy down to normal coat. Try to do this when the puppy is calm. Praise him after finishing the procedure. Be sure to emphasize how handsome he has become – the “French Bulldogs” love it. The comb should be one that does not injure the skin and hair. A special massage brush is best suited for this purpose. The dog should be combed daily, starting from the head, then throughout the body, not excluding the sides and tail.
The washing up. By nature, French Bulldogs love water. But, no matter how much the French bulldog loves water, he hates it if he gets into it against his will. Therefore, teach the puppy to wash very carefully, without scaring him in any way, so that in the future this procedure does not cause unpleasant associations in him.
It is not recommended to wash puppies under one year old. If the puppy is healthy, its coat cleans itself by brushing it with a massage brush. If your puppy’s coat is dull, then there is every reason to think about whether you are feeding him correctly. It could also be a sign that the dog is not healthy.
You do not need to take water to wash your dog. Just place a rubber mat on the bottom of the tub to prevent the dog from slipping, place the dog on top of it and let him look around for a bit. Then, so that the dog does not get scared, gradually open the water faucet and adjust the water temperature. The water should have a temperature of + 37 – 38 degrees.
Moisten the entire coat with water, then apply shampoo to the wetted coat and shake it thoroughly, then rinse the dog so that there is no shampoo on it. You can wash your dog using baby soap.
Ear care. The ears of all animals are identical in structure, but the ears are less prone to contamination in individuals with erect ears. It is enough for the French Bulldog to clean the ears and ear canals once every two weeks, as dirt and wax accumulating in the ears can cause inflammation. It is most convenient to clean your ears with ordinary ear sticks or use a cotton swab for this. If you have any inflammation, discharge of dark earwax, or foul odor from your ears, see your doctor. Do not self-medicate, do not use any drops without a doctor’s recommendation. First of all, you need to find out the cause of the disease, and not try all the drugs in a row.
Eye care. The eyes are one of the indicators of your pet’s health. In a healthy dog, they are always clean, shiny and properly open. If tears flow from the eyes, purulent exudate is released, or they are cloudy, or red,…. In case of such symptoms, having measured the temperature, be sure to consult a doctor.
If you are doing well, then taking care of your eyes will not be difficult. I personally, every morning, wipe the eyes of my pets with a napkin dipped in clean water. And this is enough for me to keep the eyes and hair around the eyes in perfect order.
Oral cavity care. Healthy, beautiful teeth are a dog’s pride. Caring for them is the main concern of the French Bulldog owner.
Your dog’s bite should be of a standard.
At the age of 4 – 7 months in puppies, milk teeth are replaced with permanent ones. Teething permanent teeth give the puppy some pain. To relieve this pain, puppies begin to chew on everything, often ruining your things. Massages or toys can help relieve the pain of cutting teeth.
Make sure the puppy’s teeth do not grow in two rows. This happens very often when milk teeth, especially canines, have not yet had time to fall out, and permanent teeth have already appeared nearby, and you need to urgently consult a veterinarian.
Permanent teeth should be large, clean and white. The set of permanent teeth consists of 42 teeth (12 incisors, 4 canines, 16 premolars and 10 molars). In an adult dog, you need to constantly monitor the color of the teeth. If your dog develops tartar, see your veterinarian as it is difficult to remove tartar at home. For the prevention of caries and plaque, you can purchase specially designed bones, pastes, toothbrushes and toys.
Clipping claws. Nail grooming should be an integral part of your dog’s litter box. The appearance of the claws immediately catches the eye and speaks of your caring for the dog. It is necessary to constantly monitor the length of the dog’s claws..
Inside, the claw has a core pierced with blood vessels and nerve endings – this part of the claw is the most sensitive. Outside, the claw is covered with a dense protective shell of keratinized cells, which forms the horny sheath of the claw. This is the insensitive part of the claw and can be easily cut off without causing much trouble to the dog.
The shortening of the claw is carried out using special nail clippers or nippers. In very young puppies, the curled ends can also be cut off with nail scissors. But do not try to grab a large piece of the claw with the tool at once, bite off a little, the shortening should be stopped when you notice how the dry core is replaced by a spongy black or pinkish substance.
In dogs of light colors, the color of the nails is lighter and the core is clearly visible. The claw should be cut off by 2-3 mm before reaching it. The core is not visible on dark claws, so be careful. Yet sometimes too much is bit off and the claw begins to bleed. Do not be afraid of this. You can stop bleeding by attaching a cotton swab moistened with a solution of hydrogen peroxide for several minutes or burning the cut with iodine.
Remember that overgrown claws interfere with walking, the dog begins to step not on the fingers, as it should by nature, but on the entire paw, while the joints of the limb are deformed, the movements become constrained. The claw on the fifth toe of the forelimbs can grow so large that it cuts into the flesh of the paw and causes inflammation.
Eating the French Bulldog
It is necessary to feed exclusively with one feed, observe the type of feeding. The combination of feed, the combination of dry food with natural food – homemade, causes an imbalance in the diet, disorders of digestion and metabolism, diarrhea, etc.
The main thing is to monitor the rate and amount of feedings according to the age, weight of the puppy, its activity and the season, for example, in winter the dog needs more calories to warm up. The type of feeding can be changed by gradually switching to another type of feed. It is imperative that the diet must contain vitamins and mineral supplements, depending on the type of feeding. Their lack leads to various metabolic diseases, vitamin deficiencies, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, etc..
Training your French Bulldog
Sometimes you can hear the opinion that the French Bulldog does not lend itself to training. Fortunately, this is not the case at all. You just need to take into account that this smart, quick-witted dog cannot be forced – bulldog stubbornness makes itself felt. But you can “negotiate” with the pet, saturating the lesson with interesting elements that will captivate the dog, pushing it to the necessary actions.
French bulldogs do an excellent job with the OKD course, they are happy to do agility – after all, they have enough energy for jumping and running!
French Bulldog Health
A breed-specific health problem stems from the dog’s respiratory system: it has a very short nose, and has as many bones and sinuses as other dogs. Therefore, French Bulldogs often suffer from labored (for various reasons) breathing. A specialist should understand the origins of this condition and choose a method of treatment..
Estimated cost of a French Bulldog puppy
You can buy a French Bulldog puppy for 5,000 rubles, but the price for good puppies starts at 20,000 rubles. Breed class will cost 35,000-40,000 rubles, and shows and top shows – up to 80,000.
Photos of French Bulldog
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