Hungarian Kuvasz is a strong, reliable guard dog. Born in Hungary. This breed played a significant role in the history of Hungary, as its representatives very often accompanied many members of the Hungarian royal family throughout medieval Europe..
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History of the origin of the breed
Kuvasz is a herding dog of the ancient Hungarians. This breed belongs to the family of Eurasian large mountain dogs, one of the versions of the origin of the breed says that the progenitors of Kuvasz came from Tibet. The ancestors of today’s Hungarians could meet and make friends with the ancestors of kuvasz, as in the Carpathians, so to speak, in the place of natural habitation, so they could have brought them with them from Asia. However, analyzing the available data, most researchers are inclined to believe that the ancestral home of this breed was the East. The nomads needed a large dog to protect horses, livestock and property from robbers and wild animals. That is why kuvasses have a strong skeleton, powerful muscles, and magnificent hair. They are unpretentious, disinterested, perfectly tolerate the harsh winter and hot summer. All this made it possible to use them also for hunting wild boar and deer.
This is an ancient Hungarian herding breed. The ancestors of the kuvasses came to the Carpathians with the Magyar tribes. It is believed that Hungarian, Turkish and Tibetan dogs participated in the formation of the breed. Initially, kuvasses protected the property and livestock of the Magyars from wild animals and robbers. In the Middle Ages, only people of noble birth could keep kuvasz, and most often dogs became bodyguards. Hungarian king Matthias Corvin I loved to hunt, and at that time the main purpose of dogs – shepherding – was practically forgotten.
Like komondors, kuvas could have entered the territory of the Carpathian basin during the great migration of peoples. At the same time, many theories and statements on this topic have appeared recently, starting with statements about the Tibetan origin of the breed and ending with family ties with the Turkish Akbash. From an anatomical point of view, kuvasa can be ranked as a herding dog, as well as a Pyrenean mountain dog and a Slovak Chuvach. However, it is obvious that in the territory from Asia to the Pyrenees today there are various local variants of the breed, descended from the same ancient type.
Today, kuwases rarely become shepherds, most often they are wonderful guards and companions selflessly devoted to the owner. Remembering the historical homeland of the breed, dogs are sometimes called Hungarian kuvasses. The shorter and qualitatively different wool of the kuvasz gave him the ability to easily move among tall grasses and plants. Therefore, it was also used for hunting.
In the written records of this breed that have survived to this day, Kuvasz and Komondors are constantly confused, but the authors always note the short or long hair of a large white shepherd dog. Already in ancient times in this part of Europe people knew that Hungarian settlements were protected by two types of herding dogs. From these references it follows that kuvasz has been considered a reliable guard since time immemorial.
As in the case of the Komondor, the kuvasse was always exclusively white, which helped to distinguish it from a bear and a wolf at night. Kuvasz does not need to be trained to guard the house, but at the same time it must be taken into account that this is an extremely characteristic breed that requires a consistent and mainly professional approach. From puppyhood, he must be taught to a place in the family, to which he will always be faithful and which he will always selflessly and fearlessly defend and guard. This breed is distinguished by its tough and sustained character, therefore it is very important and useful to educate it with care and attention. From the scary tales that tell about kuvas, you can already make a book. All of them are based on accidents in which angry and uncontrollable dogs are to blame, raised according to the cruel and inhuman “stick” method. Similar stories can be heard about any other breed.
The official representative of the breed in Russia is the Hungarian Kuvasz National Breed Club (NKP VK). The club was founded on February 6, 2005 by enthusiastic breeders. In September of the same year, the NKP VK was admitted to the RKF – Russian Cynological Federation. From now on, the club lives and works with the support and patronage of the most authoritative canine organization in our country. This means that the results of the club’s exhibitions are accepted internationally. Breeding of the breed in Russia is carried out by reputable breeders, real experts in their field, who sincerely love kuvasov. If you want to buy a Kuvasz puppy, please contact only specialized kennels. All puppies from these kennels are direct descendants of the best Hungarian representatives of the breed.
Description of the breed
Noble lines of the body, graceful outlines of the head, snow-white wavy hair, calm strong movements – the appearance of the kuvass and his demeanor make an indelible impression, which only enhances the growth of the dog.
The current breed standard was approved in 2000. Kuvasz is a strong, large dog with wavy coat, noble appearance and harmonious constitution. These are brave, fearless dogs, tireless and hardy, ready to protect the owner and his property even at the cost of his own life.
- The head of the kuvass is proportional to the size of the body, noble outlines, in appearance it resembles a somewhat tapering wedge, dry and elegant. The skull is wide, the forehead is somewhat convex. The frontal furrow is clearly visible, and the transition from the forehead to the muzzle is poorly expressed.
- The ears are set at medium height. Should not be completely upright or twisted. In the upper third, they bend, not adhering to the head, and then fall. The tips of the ears are rounded. When alert, the dog raises its ears.
- The eyes are almond-shaped, set obliquely, the color is dark brown. The eyelids fit snugly. The nose is straight. The muzzle tapers smoothly, but does not look pointed. The nose is slightly dull, black.
- Scissor bite in dogs. The dental formula is complete. The teeth are strong and developed. The lips are black, the corners of the lips are somewhat serrated.
- The body in dogs is muscular, rectangular, close to square format. The withers are long, developed, well visible. The neck is muscular. In kuvasz males, the neck is decorated with a mane. On the croup of dogs, the coat is very thick, which makes it seem that the croup is somewhat raised above the level of the back. The belly is somewhat tucked up.
- The chest is deep, long, oval ribs. The musculature is developed, the front part of the chest is rounded. The back of the Kuvasse breed is of medium length, short and muscular, straight, wide and elastic.
- The forelimbs of the kuvasa are set moderately wide and parallel. The elbows fit snugly against the chest. The front feet are round or somewhat oval. The toes are short and arched so that they do not touch the ground in the middle. The pads are elastic and resilient. Nails hard and very strong, slate gray or black.
- The hind limbs of the kuvasa are set wide enough and parallel to the sides. The thighs are long, broad and well muscled. The legs are long and powerful. The tendons are strong. The hind legs are oval, the toes are gathered in a tight lump, the pads are elastic, the nails are strong. Claws are black or slate gray. The movements of the dog when striding are wide, measured, at the trot – springy, energetic, uniform.
- The tail continues the line of the body, set low. Reaches the hock joint, slightly curved at the tip (but never wrapped in a ring). Being alert, kuvas can raise the tail to the level of the back.
The coat of kuvas is wavy, moderately hard, without a tendency to dullness. The outer coat is coarse, the undercoat is delicate and soft. On the legs, ears and head the hair is short (1-2 cm), thick and straight. On the front and side surfaces of all limbs, the coat is short and smooth. On the lower part of the limbs – feathers (5-8 cm in length); on the hind legs, the feathers reach the hock joints.
On the dog’s neck, hair forms a collar, in the chest area turning into a mane (pronounced in males). The coat on the hips, shoulders and body of the dog is of medium length (4-14 cm), wavy, with fringes and curls. On the tail of the dog, the coat is long and wavy (10-15 cm). The skin is highly pigmented, slate gray in color, tight-fitting.
The color of the kuvas is white, but the shade of ivory is also acceptable. The edges of the lips and eyelids, the nose, the sky are black, but it is acceptable that there are pink spots on the sky.
The character of Hungarian Kuvasz
Kuvasz is distinguished by courage and knows no fear. He protects the people entrusted to him, the territory or other objects at the cost of his life. Differs in pride and in case of abuse, his behavior can become more rude and harsh. Loyal and trusting the owner and his entourage. Requires a certain territory for content. Undemanding and easy to care for, easily tolerates the most inclement weather. I am very grateful for the love and care.
Such a four-legged friend can no doubt be entrusted with the protection of the house, territory and even his own life – the kuvasz will not let you down, the balance of his character allows him not to be distracted by any extraneous irritants.
A kind heart, which responds to love and care, is hidden behind the somewhat harsh appearance of the dog. Be sure to take time for walks and chatting with kuvasz, so you can establish good contact with your pet and achieve maximum understanding with him.
Kuvasz is distinguished by courage and knows no fear. He protects the people entrusted to him, the territory or other objects at the cost of his life. Distinguished by pride, and if mistreated, his behavior may become more rude and harsh. Devoted, and trusts the owner and his entourage. Requires a certain territory for content. Not demanding and easy to care for, easily tolerates the most inclement weather. Very grateful for the love and care.
Kuvasz is able to sit back and relax in a very imposing and comfortable way, smiling with pleasure, if at this time his powerful fur coat is teased and scratched. But, if necessary, the kuvasz will get up and go 20-30 kilometers per day, as once upon a time he accompanied his masters along the roads of Europe. The kuvas is characterized by smooth springy movements that demonstrate its real strength. His voice is deep, barking abrupt and sonorous, interspersed with a deep chest roar, if someone stranger approaches the territory he is protecting.
Being a family dog, Kuvasz nevertheless becomes attached to one person, to its owner. He is reserved with the guests of the hosts and does not allow himself indulgence in relation to them. Kuvasz fulfills his task with honor, not attacking or biting for no reason.
It is important to remember that the breed is not suitable for beginners and people with a gentle disposition. Kuvasz will hardly feel good in an apartment or without close emotional contact with the owner. Despite the severity of disposition, kuvasses are capable of sincere affection, value love and attention.
Hungarian Kuvasz and other pets
They are very loyal to small pets..
Caring for Hungarian Kuvasz
This large and active breed requires special care. The coat needs frequent brushing and brushing. The active, expansive nature of dogs requires long walks. Many representatives of Kuvasa were seen in uncontrolled escapes from the owner, which often forces them to walk in securely fenced pens that prevent attempts to escape. Early education and training of Kuvasov is recommended, with special attention to movement on a leash, which will allow the dog to develop a tolerant attitude to the leash, and in the future to avoid cases of escapes.
Each litter of Kuvasa brings on average 7-8 puppies. To bring up a good character in a future dog, love for communication with people, cheerfulness and kindness, puppies must be raised from a very young age. With the right attitude towards them, they will grow into cheerful pets and reliable family defenders.
It is not difficult to take care of kuvasz, dogs easily endure life even in harsh climatic conditions. All your pet needs is a dry place, sheltered from the wind, and space to move. Remember that this ancient shepherd breed has lived with herds for centuries, accustomed to heat and cold, and to rain and snow. Life in the field would be ideal for kuvasz; in the absence of such an opportunity, the dog will feel good in a spacious enclosure.
According to the conditions of keeping, kuvas is an absolutely undemanding breed. It will be fully satisfied with an elementary dry and wind-protected place and a platform for movement corresponding to the size of the rock. For kuvas, personal contact with the owner is also important.
If you keep kuvasa in your apartment, do not forget to provide it with a long stay in the fresh air! After long walks through the melted snow, through the spring mud, your pet, of course, will not be clean, but after a while the coat will dry out and it can be restored to its previous state with a brush. However, unfortunately, kuvasz sheds heavily twice a year. Because of this, he can deliver a number of inconveniences to his owners. Therefore, it is preferable for dogs of this breed to live in an aviary all year round. An ideal enclosure is a plot of 10-15 m in length and 1.5-2 m in width, enclosed by a mesh fence with a height of at least 1.5 m. The fence should be made in such a way as to prevent the dog from escaping. It is better to make the flooring wooden, then it will always be dry in the aviary and the dog will remain clean.
If kuvasz lives in an aviary, this does not mean that he does not need walks! You should try to walk with the dog every day, giving it the opportunity to run freely. During the walk, you can consolidate the previously learned commands, play, brush the dog’s hair. The more you communicate with your dog, the more obedient and loyal your kuvasz will be!
Kuvasz is distinguished by good health and rather unpretentious in food: as a rule, it is content with half of the diet required for dogs of its size.
The white giants of the canine world, unpretentious in care, are undemanding to nutrition. It is enough to follow the general rules for feeding dogs, correlating the amount of food offered to kuvasu with the activity and conditions of keeping the dog.
Training Hungarian Kuvasz
Dogs have an independent temperament, combining severity and calmness. Teaching kuvasses requires patience and firm will of the owner. It is necessary to start socializing the puppy and classes with him as early as possible, and continue throughout his life. But it is almost not required to specially train kuvasz in the “craft” of a guard – dogs have a strong protective instinct from birth
Hungarian Kuvasz Health
The breed has no tendency to any disease. Dysplasia of the hip joints is very rare.
Pictures of Hungarian Kuvasz
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