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History of the breed
The Japanese Spitz, as the name implies, appeared in the Land of the Rising Sun in the 1920s and 1930s. The literal sound of the name is something like this: “nihon supitsu”. The creators refused to provide information about which breeds served as the basis for breeding. The most likely founding father is a German Spitz imported from China.
Genetic examinations have shown that the Spitz family is closely related to wolves.
As with all Japanese breeds, the wild Japanese dog, the main supplier of genes for Asian breeders, has not been without participation. That is why the main features of all rocks of the Land of the Rising Sun are so similar. Dogs differ in size, color and minor details that only specialists can see.
Natural Japanese wild dogs are Asian Spitz: square proportions, slanting, with narrow eyes, pointed ears and muzzle, short hair and a classic donut tail. In describing the character of these dogs, intelligence, loyalty, courage and silence are especially noted. This is who the Samurai Code was written from.
For the first time, white Asian dogs were noted in 1921, at the Tokyo show.
In the 1930s and 1940s, stubborn Asians continued to develop the breed, bringing the appearance to the extreme degree of affection. The Japanese Spitz definitely contains the genes of the Canadian, American and Australian Spitz dogs. The breeders fulfilled and exceeded the set task. The resulting look cannot leave anyone indifferent: glamor with Asian motives, aesthetics, sincere expression of emotions make the Japanese Spitz an ideal companion to please the owner..
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The official recognition of the breed by dog handlers was long and difficult. In the Land of the Rising Sun itself, the local association introduced breed standards in 1948, where it says in a separate paragraph: “Must not create noise.” For decades, the International Cynological Association has found reasons and excuses not to recognize a new breed of dog, but in 1968 it proposed its own version of the standards. US cynologists still do not recognize the existence of the “Japanese” as a separate breed. The Americans claim that this is just a subspecies of the American Eskimo dog.
The breed enjoys sincere love in the Scandinavian countries – snow-white pets are found more often than in the rest of the world. Distributed in North America. But at home, interest in miniature companions has already been lost.
Dogs learn with pleasure and are easy to train, therefore circus troupes willingly put on shows and individual numbers with their participation.
In Russia, the “Japanese” appeared in the 1990s. Circus trainer Nikolai Pavlenko bought them to participate in the numbers. Initially, the circus performer was not going to engage in breeding, but after the huge success of the snow-white stuntmen, he changed his mind. The artistic family of Japanese Spitz was replenished with pedigree dogs from the Land of the Rising Sun. It was they who started the Russian breed line.
Domestic pop star, Philip Kirkorov, posted on the network pictures in which he hugs a Japanese spitz. Fans found out that the pop singer had long sought a puppy from Pavlenko’s troupe. The circus performers refused for a long time, not wanting to give up the pet, but in the end they succumbed to Kirkorov’s unusually generous offer.
According to the idea of the Japanese, representatives of this breed should become excellent companions, giving love and devotion to the owner, appearing in family photos and causing admiration among others. The result should be recognized as completely satisfactory..
Description of the breed
With an unprofessional look, it is difficult to distinguish the “Japanese” from the German and Florentine counterparts, but there are differences:
- Longer body.
- An underlined Asian eye shape that other Spitz does not have.
- Snow-white color, without color transition and halftones. The slightest deviation from the standard means a mixture of blood.
- Height at withers – from 28 to 36 centimeters.
- Weight – from 5 to 8 kilograms.
- Life span – from 10 to 16 years old.
- Head – with a wide, round skull. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is well defined. The muzzle is pointed. The nose is small. Lips are usually black.
- Eyes medium in size, almond-shaped, dark, set obliquely. The eyelids are edged in black.
- Ears – small, triangular, set high.
- Housing – hard hit.
- Neck – with developed muscles.
- Withers – clearly expressed.
- Chest – wide, prominent ribs.
- Back – straight, short, with a wide loin.
- Stomach – well fit.
- Limbs – of medium length, well developed, with rounded legs and large pads.
- Tail – medium in size, set high, lies on the back in a ring shape.
- Wool – straight, long, of good density. On the face and ears – shorter. There is a collar on the neck and front of the chest. Thick undercoat.
- Color – white, without transitions and shades.
The Japanese Spitz was created for the role of a domestic, family dog. Unwavering dedication, friendliness, patience and tact have been carefully instilled in the breed.
The mentality of the Land of the Rising Sun is clearly seen in the behavior of the companion. The “smile” inherent in the breed is constantly present, the innate tact does not allow imposing, “extra” emotions are carefully hidden. Thoroughbred Spitz will not fuss and bark.
It may seem that these kids are friendly to everyone, but this is the same samurai mask of politeness. The “Japanese” has warm feelings only for the owner and his family, and does not trust strangers and does not feel pleasure from communicating with them. The dog skillfully hides the negative.
Spitz will not demand attention from the owner, but he is always ready to give it himself. If the owner offers to play, the Spitz is ready. I would like to pet the pet – he trustingly substitutes all the “itch” places. There is no desire to communicate – the baby will not be imposed, but will quietly sit nearby.
The “Japanese” treats children evenly and benevolently, ready to play and endure “hugs”. The dog will not necessarily like close contact, but the feeling will prevail for a long time, and the pet will not show aggression.
With pets – no problem either. Other dogs, cats, hamsters, parrots – the cheerful kid will find a common language with everyone and make friends.
According to the breed standard, the pet should not make noise. Fluffy dogs rarely bark, they don’t vote for no reason. Additionally, silence is developed in the learning process.
There are many circus performers in the Russian line of Japanese Spitz, so the artistry of the pets is at the highest level.
The size of the dogs is large enough for long walks, and, at the same time, compact – the owner can take the Pomeranian everywhere with him. And he is always ready.
If you train your kid in watchdog skills, he will serve as an excellent “burglar alarm”. To resist the robber, of course, is not in his power, but he can warn the owner with a loud bark.
Good health, simplicity in food and lack of allergic reactions make caring for a companion much easier.
Despite the white color, the wool does not require special care. The dog shakes off dried street dirt himself, leaving no marks on the fur. There is no smell.
Regular brushing is essential to prevent tangling. Particularly vulnerable places are under the arms, under the tail and behind the ears. It is better to use a fine comb – the dog’s skin is quite delicate. Two procedures a week is enough. In the process, it is necessary to separate all the hairs so that the tool passes freely along the entire length.
Some owners use combed down pomegranates for knitting.
Frequent bathing is not necessary – once a month is enough. For the procedure, it is recommended to use shampoo for white wool – such products contain a component that removes the yellow tint. Wool, with regular use of such a product, will not fade in the sun. After washing, it is better to dry the dog – harmful microorganisms can start in the wet coat. A regular hair dryer or a special compressor for quick drying will do.
Yellow stripes under the eyes are removed with a dry, soft napkin – these are tears that have oxidized.
Do not dress the “Japanese” in tight overalls and hang tight collars on them: the wool can stick together and wrinkle.
Sometimes a samurai appears in the small body of a spitz and claims to be a leading position in the house. In the performance of the baby, such claims cause laughter, but you need to put the dog in place: the pet must understand who is the owner.
With all his appearance, “Japanese” shows that his place is in an apartment or house. Dogs of this breed are not adapted for outdoor life.
In the house, the dog needs its own, personal place, which no one pretends to: a bed or a playpen. It is better to buy toys made of latex – they are not as dangerous to the body as the usual rubber and plastic products.
A thick undercoat protects the little Spitz from the cold, so he only needs clothes in the off-season – to protect the coat from dirt and slush. Lightweight, loose-fitting jumpsuits are fine. The exception is lactating bitches. If there is a strong wind outside, experts advise using thick blankets – so as not to chill the nipples.
The “Japanese” have a lot of energy, so he will be glad to any walk. There is no need for special loads, just walking at the usual pace. Protective lubricant that coats the snow-white wool prevents dirt from absorbing. The dirt dries out and is shaken off by itself, so even after walking in the rain, the Spitz does not need to be washed.
Ears do not need constant cleaning – cotton swabs are used only for obvious dirt or smell from the ears. In this case, it is best to visit your veterinarian.
Puppies often have excess tears due to wind, humidity and other factors. Dark furrows from tears appear under the eyes. You can wipe the problem areas with a dry soft cloth, and in adulthood, when excessive lacrimation stops, try to bleach the affected coat.
Spitz do not have allergic reactions, so you don’t have to invent anything with the diet. You should pay more attention only to red vegetables – they give the pet’s coat a yellowish tint. It is recommended to use a height-adjustable stand for feeding – good for posture and comfortable for the dog.
The main task in the upbringing of a “Japanese” is to establish contact with him. With the dog’s affection and respect for the owner, training will not raise questions and problems. If the Spitz has not found “his” leader, even an experienced trainer cannot instill in him obedience. That is why you must first gain the confidence of the puppy, and only then begin training.
Good relationships and permissiveness are two different things. The dog must understand that not everything is allowed to it. Shouts and beatings will not be beneficial, but will only offend the companion. Spitz need a confident tone and reasoned demands.
Friendship does not mean blindly following orders. The fluffy kid is absolutely sure of this. He will love and help with pleasure, but he will leave a choice for himself – to carry out the command or not.
This breed can train for a long time and fruitfully, perceiving new information in large blocks. A clear confirmation is the Japanese spitz of the circus troupe Nikolai Pavlenko. Don’t worry about overwork. You need to worry about something else – so that the pet does not get bored. Therefore, the elements of the game must be present in the classes.
Puppy commands are taught gradually:
- At 2 months of age, the baby already knows his name, uses the toilet.
- At 3-4 months the time comes for the rules of behavior and the main commands: “Fu”, “Place”, “To me”.
- Six months – the age when the puppy becomes more assiduous and can concentrate on the task for a long time, is used to walking, knows the owner’s requirements. Obedience commands are added: “Sit”, “Lie down”, “Near”.
- The socialization of Spitz does not differ from dogs of other breeds. More walks, communication, new places. The pet will adapt to changes and understand who is who.
Disposition to disease
There are no hereditary diseases inherent in the breed in the Japanese Spitz, but there is a tendency to some problems.
- Eye diseases.
- Spine problems.
- Piroplasmosis and otodectosis.
In our country, this breed is not very common, so the price tag for puppies is quite high. A baby from a registered breeder, born of champions, will cost from 35,000 to 50,000 rubles. If the features of the breed are pronounced, the price may rise even more.
A puppy from non-graduate parents can be purchased for less money – from 15,000 rubles.
Males are larger bitches and look brighter due to the splendor of the coat. You can buy a small Pomeranian from the age of 2 months – at this moment all the advantages and disadvantages of appearance are already visible.
List of nurseries
1) Akulova Gora Pushkino – akulovagora.ru/page.php?pid=1
2) Universe Phantasm, Volgograd – neofantastik.narod.ru/
3) Best Rendezvous, St. Petersburg – www.best-randevu.spb.ru/miniatyurnyj-shpic/
4) Yuki Kitsune Krasnodar – yukikitsune.jimdo.com
Japanese Spitz Photos