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History of the origin of the breed
The German Shorthaired Pointer is a breed of dog that originated in Germany. Translated from German shorthaired pointer means “short-haired”. Kurzhaar is the very first and oldest variety of the German Pointing Dog (in addition to the Kurzhaar, there are also Drathaar and Langhaar), differing from other varieties mainly only in the type of wool. Kurzhaar comes from the short-haired Pointing Dog (which was used for hunting with a hunting bird), common in the Mediterranean countries (Spain, Italy, France)
Kurzhaar (German Smooth-haired Pointing Dog) is a dog that comes from Germany. This breed has a rich history, it was eaten away from various varieties of German cops, the progenitors of which, in turn, were the Spanish representatives of the cops. This is just the perfect breed of dog, with great flair and phenomenal physical ability.
If in the old days representatives of this breed could be found quite rarely, today the shorthaired pointer (German smooth-haired pointer) is quite common. These are purely service dogs, but many people have them just as pets. This is not surprising because these dogs are very smart and quick-witted. They are quite friendly, they get along well in the family.
These dogs began to acquire breed characteristics in the 15th century. The formation of the Kurzhaar was greatly influenced by the Perdigero Burgos (Spanish marriages) and Pachons, an old Iberian breed of dog that interbred with the local Hanoverian Hound. The first pedigree book of a shorthaired pointer appeared in 1872, and the breed standard was adopted in 1879 in Germany. The international standard for the shorthaired pointer was adopted only in 1912.
In the nineteenth century, traditional German cops, distinguished by some heaviness and slowness in combination with a phlegmatic disposition, were crossed with English pointers. As a result of crossing, breeders managed to free themselves from the presence of a sagging back and “rabbit paws” in individuals of this breed and enrich it with such qualities as slenderness, athleticism, etc. Reputed as one of the most popular gun dogs, Kurzhaars have not lost their brilliant hunting skills, having proven itself excellently along with this and as domestic companions.
Description of the breed
Slender, athletic dogs, sometimes distinguished by a certain timidity of disposition. The body of the shorthaired pointer is covered with a short, thick and rough to the touch wool. They have a thick, docked tail that protrudes, in a way, an extension of the back. We also mention a long muzzle with high-set and not very fleshy ears and a brown nose with wide nostrils.
Size: height 60-66 cm, weight 28-32 kg
The color is coffee, coffee piebald, coffee piebald with specks, coffee piebald with gray hair, white with coffee marks on the head, spots or patches, black with spots of the same shades as in the coffee color. The head is usually all coffee-colored. Fawn markings are acceptable, as well as a white blaze or white star on the forehead and spots on the lips..
Brown color with various shades is typical of this breed. Black color with gray hair is less common – evidence that at one time black pointers took part in crosses (until the end of the 1930s, dogs with this color were called “Prussian short pointer”). Many hunters appreciate the thick short hair of short-haired shorthaired dogs: after hunting, even in the dampest weather, the dogs dry quickly, and therefore there is less dirt in the car or in the house than from long-haired breeds.
- Head. Dry, not heavy, relatively elongated, wedge-shaped. The parietal part is not wide, slightly convex. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is moderate. The bridge of the nose is slightly arched. Long muzzle.
- The nose is brown or meat-colored (for white varieties). The jaws are powerful. Lips tightly cover the jaws.
- Paws. The feet are round, with very tightly clenched toes and dense pads.
- The chest is very deep, reaching to the elbows. The back is straight and strong, smoothly into the lower back
- Tail. Set high. If the dog is used for hunting, the tail is docked 1/2 of its length. At rest, he is lowered down. When moving, the dog keeps it parallel to the ground. In dogs used for hunting and not subject to the docking ban, the tails are usually docked in half..
The character of the Kurzhaar
Kurzhaar is not only a hunter, but also a loving pet. The German Shorthaired Pointing Dog is a gentle, intelligent dog striving to please its master. Dogs of this breed are very friendly and sociable and get along well with children, especially older ones..
These dogs make excellent guard dogs as they are loyal and have a protective instinct. Kurzhaar needs attention and interaction with its owner, he adores being close to his family.
The German shorthaired pointer is distinguished by strength, endurance and speed, has a balanced character and restrained temperament. In the house, these are calm and pleasant animals; if you give them loads that correspond to their natural inclinations, the dogs become mentally balanced and their behavior does not cause trouble when keeping them in the family.
This breed of dog tends to be dominant and needs a strong, strong-willed owner who knows how to establish his leadership and be in charge of the relationship with the dog. For an owner who does not know how to be a boss, the shorthaired pointer will quickly turn into an uncontrollable pet. In general, the shorthaired pointer is a “one owner” dog.
Dogs of this breed are extremely intelligent. Intelligence, combined with energy, makes the shorthaired pointer a dog that must always be mentally and physically occupied. Learning even the most basic commands such as sit, lie down, fetch, etc. occupies the dog’s head and is satisfying, just like significant exercise.
If the shorthaired pointer grows up with other pets, dogs and cats, he will get along well with them in adulthood. However, due to their hunting instincts, small pets are considered by dogs of this breed as an object for hunting or playing.
Kurzhaar is a dog that does not tolerate being alone if left alone for a long time.
This is one of the noisiest hunting dogs. Teaching the shorthaired pointer when barking is acceptable and when it is not should begin at an early age.
The Kurzhaar is a hardy and strong hunting dog with excellent instinct, good stable stamina, readiness to search, energy, constant readiness to work. Dogs of this breed work great in the field, swim well. Kurzhaar, as a rule, is good at serving killed game.
Kurzhaar, with sufficient physical exertion, behaves calmly, without causing problems to the owner in the house. The animal is quite adapted to life in an apartment, but only on condition of regular long walks, with the ability to release excess energy. Kurzhaar is benevolent, has a fairly independent and strong character, behaves with restraint, not aggressive, lends itself well to education and training.
Kurzhaar and other pets
Completely indifferent to other pets.
For a complete feeling of comfort, they need free space, so most often those people who live in a private house where there is enough free space turn it on. The development and upbringing of these pets must be dealt with from childhood, you cannot let everything take its course, because they must constantly be busy with something, and physical activity and exercise are absolutely essential.
Despite the fact that dogs of this breed have short and harsh coats, they shed heavily. Brushing weekly will help reduce the amount of hair in your home. It is especially effective to use this type of brush that brushes the dog’s undercoat well.
Bathe your dog only as needed. Dog ears should always be clean and dry.
Hunting breeds such as the Shorthaired Pointer are naturally energetic and can be tireless. Therefore, dogs of this breed are better suited for active people who can provide the dog with a very active outdoor life.
The Kurzhaar is not a family dog, unless it is a family of hunters. You can use methods other than hunting to ensure that the German Shorthaired Pointer gets enough physical activity, but this will take a lot of time and effort from the owner of such a dog.
So the shorthaired pointer will be happy to go swimming, jogging, climbing, etc. These dogs will exercise as much as they are allowed. Their natural hunting instincts prompt them to exercise independently, which often leads to hyperactivity and destructive behavior.
These are, as a rule, rather large dogs, up to sixty-four centimeters in height. Their owners constantly need to monitor the health of their pet in order to timely notice possible diseases and to start curing them in a timely manner. It is also important to regularly brush their coat, despite the fact that it is short, it is still necessary..
Proper nutrition is essential for the dog’s health and overall physical development. The dog is fed twice a day – morning and evening, every day at the same time. Food should be neither cold nor hot, but slightly warm (about + 12 °).
The portion given should not be large so as not to overload the stomach. After work, the food is given in about an hour, since in a tired dog the secretion of gastric juice is delayed, and the food remains undigested in the stomach for a long time.
It is harmful to let the dog into work immediately after giving food, since even under this condition the stomach does not absorb food well. The feed must be fresh. Leftover food is immediately carried away, because if it turns sour and the dog begins to eat it, it may develop stomach problems. The writing should be varied. Monotonous food soon bothers the dog, it begins to digest it poorly, and the food loses its nutritional value.
The dishes in which the food is given are washed daily in boiling water. The food composition should contain the required amount of nitrogenous calories (protein) and nitrogen-free (carbohydrate and fat). In order for the food to have the required composition, it is combined from meat, various kinds of cereals (oatmeal, millet, buckwheat, etc.) and vegetables (carrots, cabbage, beets, potatoes, etc.).
For a puppy and for puppies, milk must be added to the food.
For an adult dog, the diet during work is approximately expressed in the following norms: meat – 400 g, cereals – 600 g, vegetables – 200 g; puppies from 1.5 to 3 months: meat — 75—100 g of cereals — 150—200 g, vegetables — 50—75 g, milk — 0.5 l. Outside working hours, the meat and cereals specified for adult dogs can be reduced by 100 g.
There are four main food groups (meat and fish, dairy and eggs, grains and vegetables, fats and oils) that can provide the body with a wide variety of nutrients in varying amounts. The quality of any ingredient is determined not only by its composition, but also by its digestibility. For example, the protein value of food groups can be estimated: dairy products / egg> meat fish> vegetables / cereals.
Cereals are another major food source that includes wheat, barley, oats, rice, rye, corn, and some common sorghum. Wheat, oats and barley contain more protein and less fat compared to corn and rice.
The shorthaired pointer shows itself best during hunting in the field, therefore, during the hunting season, it is more likely to be found on flat terrain rich in small game than in woodlands. Since most of this breed is used for hunting, breeding focuses on the working qualities of the dogs, taking into account their use in various types of hunting..
The specialization of the shorthaired pointer is hunting in the fields, on the plain, rich in small-sized game. In forest hunting, the shorthaired pointer is rarely used. The main gait is a leisurely canter or trot. The dog works unhurriedly, using the lower and upper instincts. The Kurzhaar can be used for hunting almost all types of game, it works well on waterfowl, on the blood trail, it is a versatile dog. In addition, the Shorthaired Pointer is an excellent companion dog.
The selection is carried out mainly according to working qualities, but still taking into account the exterior. It is recommended to undergo a general obedience training course with a shorthaired pointer, the dog needs training in free game.
Kurzhaar is a generally healthy breed of dog, however, the following diseases are most common in these dogs:
- Dysplasia of the hip joint
- Bloating (volvulus)
- Hot spots (raw eczema)
- Otitis externa
- Licked granuloma
- Von Willebrand disease
Kurzhaar can easily gain excess weight if it does not get enough physical activity. When these dogs work, they eat a lot, but it is not worth overfeeding them.
Arthritis of the hip and elbow joints, increased lability of the nervous system, a tendency to epilepsy. Choosing a puppy from guaranteed breeders allows you to save yourself from many disappointments and problems in the future.
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