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History of the breed
The first mentions of similar dogs date back to the times when the British tribes opposed the Roman legions.
The name of the terrier breed was given by one of the islands of the Scottish archipelago, where these dogs were bred. In ancient times, the Isle of Skye was called the “Foggy Island” by the locals, and the history of the Skye Terriers is also hidden in the fog of time.
Until the end of the 18th century, the islanders were not puzzled by breeding this breed – there were enough other concerns. The first breeders of Skye Terriers were the Scottish clans: MacDonald, MacKinnon, MacLeod and several other well-known families in narrow circles.
The Scottish aristocracy is known for pride and love of freedom. Other attributes, such as palaces, treasury, luxury, high culture, were not seen for Scottish families. British aristocrats constantly paid attention to this with malice. The lerd citadels were not distinguished by luxury and taste, but they served as an excellent military fortification.
In the Armdale family estate, records were found dating from the 14th century, with the following content: “The Skye Terrier is 9 inches long and 2.5 times longer. The elongated tail is the same as the height, and the head is half an inch smaller. The undercoat resembles the softness of the wool of a sheep. The upper coat is like a pony’s mane. Eyes – set close, with an attentive gaze. Jaws and teeth are strong. The dog has a wonderful scent and sharp mind. You need to treat him like your best friend. If you express your favor to him, no other people will take a place in his heart, he will not listen to anyone’s orders, except those of the master. He will become the guardian of the empty bed and the permanent sentry at the grave. ”
Towards the end of the 16th century, Bishop Ross leaves notes about Skye Terriers: “a dog covered with thick hair has short legs, like a snake, easily crawls into holes and without fear gets foxes, martens, badgers, cats.”
At the same time, Dr. J. Keyus, who had served Edward the Sixth, Mary and Elizabeth the First, describes the character of the Scottish breed: “indoor dogs brought from the barbarian regions in the north of the country have a long body and hair. They are distinguished by an unusual character: they cannot be apart from the owner for a single minute, they understand the mood, serve both as a consolation in trouble and as a protector in danger. ”
Traveler and creator of the “Book of Dogs” Richardson, in the middle of the 19th century, noted that it is easy to recognize terriers from the western Hebrides by their unusual appearance and long, coarse hair. The name “Skye Terrier” was not yet used at that time, and under the name “Scottish Terrier” there were similar dogs of Central Scotland, and crossbreeds, and any dogs for hunting in burrows..
The modern name was received by the Scottish Terriers only in the second half of the 19th century. The same Richardson mentions the breed in The Book of Dogs, speaking of a dog with an elongated body, short legs and long, straight hair. In the same place, he says that the dogs got the name because their homeland is the Isle of Skye.
The 19th century Pet Book describes the Skye Terrier as the breed from which all Scottish terrier species are descended.
Representatives of the breed were very popular in their homeland. So, Lord MacDonald of the Isle of Skye kept about 100 Skye Terriers in the citadel.
The Scottish Queen Mary Stuart, captured by Elizabeth I, shared a nineteen-year captivity with a dog of this breed. Her own words testify to this best: “My only pleasure is in this cute dog, who is always with me.”
Mary Stuart was executed in 1587. The pet was locked up and not allowed to visit the owner, but at the moment of execution the dog was able to escape, howled and crawled around the lifeless body. The maid of honor took him away by force. Skye yearned, refused to eat and, after a short period of time, died of a heart failure.
Queen Victoria brought Skye Terrier fashion to Britain by adopting dogs of this breed in 1842. Love for everything related to Scotland was inherent in Her Majesty. The dogs appeared during her first trip to Scotland with Prince Albert.
Queen Victoria was generally distinguished by her love for animals, a variety of pets lived in her possessions, but Skye Terriers became a symbol of her reign, friends and associates who were not found among people. One or more dogs invariably accompanied the queen. Even at meetings, there was always a Skye Terrier next to her, which was contrary to the rules of etiquette.
Her favorite and companion was Boz, a Skye Terrier, never leaving the mistress. Even in the ceremonial portraits, Victoria was accompanied by a pet. Her Majesty’s life was long, but there were always representatives of the breed by her side. The courtiers knew the weakness of Her Majesty and gladly presented her with the best representatives of the skai.
Her Royal Majesty’s dedication to the Skye Terrier made the Scottish breed popular in Europe, and British high society could not imagine life without these loyal shaggy babies. Compact shaggy dogs acted as companions in aristocratic English families.
This breed even got into the proverb: “It is not proper for high-born ladies to walk without their skai.” Famous families of Britain and Europe kept their own Sky Terrier kennels. It was there that the founders of the most famous lines of this breed were bred.
The names of the Countess of Aberdeen, Dr. Rosslyn Bruce, Crown Princess Cecilia of Austria, Mrs. Hugnes are closely associated with the improvement and popularization of the Skye. One of the pets, Hugnes, became the champion of England thirty-one times, becoming the owner of a record that has not been broken until our time. The dogs of these kennels gave rise to the lines that are now being tracked in the pedigrees of the best dogs in Europe and Russia.
It was Queen Victoria who personally singled out Skye Terriers into a separate breed, for which a standard was created, which has hardly changed until our time. During her reign, the first English kennels, owned by famous breeders, were opened and dog shows appeared.
Description of the breed
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They are agile, elegant, proud dogs with strong bones and good muscles. The length is twice the height. Thick, long hair flows down the sides, overlaps the eyes and muzzle, protects against branches and twigs, animal bites. Movements are easy, effortless, the head is always high, and the long tail is lowered.
- Height at withers – males: about 25 centimeters, bitches: about 24 centimeters. With a height of 25 centimeters, the body length will be 50 centimeters. Proportions 2: 1. Strong enough, but without roughness, addition.
- Head – rather long and large, with an emphasis on a strong build. The transition from forehead to muzzle is implicit. The muzzle is dark, without sharpness. Black nose. The jaws are strong. The bite can be straight or scissor bite.
- Eyes – dark brown or dark brown, medium size, close set.
- Ears – with long hair, adding grace and grace. Stand or hang. If they stand, they are of medium size, set high and wide apart, the tips of the ears are sharp. If the ears are hanging, then they are large, set low, closer to the head.
- Neck – rather long, high, with a graceful bend. The withers are clearly visible.
- Housing – elongated, located close to the ground.
- Chest – deep. Ribs are oval and look flat due to the coat.
- Tail – rather long, covered with thick hair. Towards the end, they are slightly bent up. Unacceptable constant position above the back or completely lowered.
- Front limbs – with oblique shoulder blades adjacent to the back. Short, strong legs. Fairly straight – depends on the build of the dog. Large paws are directed forward. Volume pillows, strong black claws.
- Hind limbs – powerful, developed. When viewed from behind – short and straight.
- Wool – straight, long, close to the body. Its length is no more than 14 centimeters. It flows around the body of the dog on both sides, there is a parting that stretches from head to tail. Not so long on the head, covers the eyes, denotes a beard and a visor. It is directed downwards from the ears, merging with the vegetation on the neck. On the tail it is also thick. The undercoat is short but dense, soft, tight-fitting.
- Color – options are possible. It can be solid or composed of different shades. Black, blue, dark gray, light gray, platinum, deer, cream. The spots can only be on the tips of the ears, muzzle and tail – dark to black. The colors of the head and legs are close to the main color. On purebred dogs there are no patterns, drawings or colors that do not correspond to the standard, except for a white spot on the chest – its size is not more than 5 centimeters. Puppies up to one and a half years old may have different colors that differ from the possible colors of adult dogs. But there can be no drawings or patterns, except for a spot on the chest.
Over the long history, the breed has not lost its courage and passion. When a terrier is engaged in direct duties – hunting – he is distinguished by fury, ruthlessness, the absence of any hesitation.
The character of Skye Terriers is to match the first Scottish aristocrats. He does not tolerate any familiarity or “lisping”. But he does not allow himself familiarity. Intrusiveness and harassment does not stand at all – a bored person is shown a grin of strong white teeth.
In the meantime, he will not even communicate to the owner, hinting that if it is decided to pay attention, then it should be paid in full. He himself will not beg for attention – the pride of the poor Scottish aristocrat will not allow.
He understands his place in the house and in the hierarchy correctly; he will not get in the way under his feet. In communication, he behaves with restraint, giving out emotions only with a barely noticeable movement of the tail. He tries not to communicate and trust with strangers. Feels the mood and intentions of people, opposing them with his vision of universal justice.
Of the qualities of Skye Terriers, one must separately highlight – unconditional devotion. The real case, replicated by the Walt Disney Studios, was that of Bobby, whose owner died. The loyal pet has lived on the owner’s tombstone for 14 years. There was not a single person in Edinburgh who could offend the dog. Everyone knew and loved him. At the direction of the mayor, Bobby was put on a collar with a protective letter – from dog catchers. Faithful Skye died at a ripe old age, and the Edinburgh people raised money for the installation of a monument – a fountain with the words: “To Skye-terrier Bobby – the most faithful dog in the world.” After hearing this story, Disney made a motion picture that brings tears to audiences around the world.
An eccentric nature and extraordinary appearance invariably attract the attention of passers-by, and her undemanding nature and real dedication make Skye an amazing friend and companion.
Care and training
- Representatives of the breed need weekly washing, with the obligatory use of shampoo and conditioner – long hair is really very dirty. If the pollution is heavy, extra bathing is necessary. The wool is dried and brushed. If you do not miss the procedures, all this will not take much time and will not be difficult..
- Skye know the norm in nutrition – you don’t need to keep track of their portions and impose restrictions. Useful for representatives of Skye Terriers premium food from fish and seafood.
- It is impossible to train Skye Terriers, and it is not necessary – their reaction and behavior are completely dependent on the owner. And dog snobs won’t let anyone train and command themselves.
At the same time, energetic shaggy pets are able to jump over a two-meter obstacle, run at a crazy speed. In agility – competition for agility, speed and agility – Skye Terriers are at their best.
And on a hunt, modern skai may not show anything – from burrowing hunters capable of clearing hectares of land from rodents, catching a bird, catching up with a marten, the doggies have turned into proud but loyal companions.
- Behavioral disorders – increased aggressiveness, panic attacks, etc..
- Distichiasis – incorrect growth of eyelashes.
- Excessively large spine hole in the skull.
- Epiphysal dysplasia.
- Undeveloped larynx.
- Excessively twisted tail.
- Incorrect placement of the lens of the eye.
- Lymphocytic thyroiditis, which results in a destroyed thyroid gland.
- Myasthenia gravis – abnormalities of muscles and nerves, leading to rapid fatigue. An enlarged esophagus leads to regurgitation of food.
- Thyroiditis – a disease of the thyroid gland.
- Ulcerative colitis – problems with the colon.
- Von Willebrand-Jurgens disease – occurs in 60 dog breeds. Platelets are not functioning properly, resulting in bleeding.
Depending on the region of the country, age, pedigree and health status, the cost of a puppy varies from 7,000 to 45,000 rubles.
List of nurseries
Sky terrier kennels:
1) Blood in gold Saratov – dog.pet2me.com/ru/club/id/4150/
2) Albory St. Petersburg – olbori-spbdog.narod.ru/
3) Vandebor Moscow – minpin.ru/
4) Gold Monarch, St. Petersburg – russkye.narod.ru/
Photo of Skye Terrier