Once in the Ukrainian steppes and in the south of Russia one could find a curious animal of large size, abundantly covered with wool. We are talking about herding dogs who helped the shepherds to graze the cattle. Perhaps in the old days they had a name, but over time it has been lost. When the famous zoologist Friedrich Falz-Fein became interested in the breed, he decided to close this gap..
The content of the article:
- 1. Origin story
- 2. South Russian Shepherd breed description
- 3. South Russian Shepherd character and features
- 4. Education and training
- 5. Diseases and care of the South Russian shepherd dogs
- 6. Pros and cons of the breed
- 7. How to choose a South Russian Shepherd puppy
- 8. How much does YURO cost
- 9. South Russian Shepherd Kennels
- 10. Names of dogs YURO
- 11. Photo of the South Russian Shepherd Dog
- 12. Video
YURO is a selection breed obtained by crossing different individuals: Molossians, Greyhounds and Crimean Shepherds. The basis of the crossing was the busty dogs with hard hair brought from Spain, which accompanied the flocks of sheep imported into Russia. It is their features that are most pronounced in YURO. What was the crossing for? The Spanish Shepherd Dog lacked power, and there were many wolves in the Tauride province, where the sheep were sent. There is disagreement as to when this happened:
- during the reign of Catherine II;
- under Paul 1;
- or the “Spaniards” were brought into the province by Duke Friedrich Falz-Fein himself;
The shepherd’s dog was not only a shepherd’s skills, he was an excellent guard. Later, history invaded his fate: after two world wars, the safety of the breed was threatened. However, they managed to save it.
For the first time YURO was described in 1893 by the dog handler Sabaneev. At the same time, the status and name of the South Russian Shepherd Dog (unofficial names: Tavricheskaya Shepherd Dog, Yuzhak) were fixed for her. The standards were adopted in 1931, and in 1996 YURO was registered with the ICF.
South Russian Shepherd breed description
JURO is a large and strong animal, whose weight often exceeds 35 kg. The height at the withers can reach 65 cm. But this applies to males, bitches are slightly lower – 62 cm at the withers. Thick long coat gives the South Russian Shepherd Dog a great resemblance to the Hungarian Commander or the English Bobtail. Hair length sometimes reaches 30 cm, and the undercoat is much thicker than in other dogs. Today, an exceptionally light color of various shades is found. But even 100 years ago, there were black and red individuals among them.
Standards approved in 1996:
- height at the withers – 62 – 65 cm;
- the body is strong, lean;
- the chest is wide and somewhat flattened;
- the loin is round, wide;
- back straight;
- The head is slightly elongated, the forehead is not very wide;
- ears – small, drooping;
- dark eyes are set horizontally;
- the nose is straight and large;
- white teeth closely spaced;
- scissor bite (violation of this paragraph leads to disqualification);
- limbs are strong, muscular;
- free movement;
- long tail;
Is it easy to confuse it with an English Bobtail or Hungarian Komondor? Only an amateur will confuse, since YURO has specific features.
South Russian Shepherd character and features
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The South Russian Shepherd Dog has an exceptional feature – it protects everything that it considers its own. That is why it is not recommended to have it in families with small children. When a southerner protects a child, he does not take into account others. Any cry – anger, delight, joy – can provoke an act of “protection”. This dog never mixes “his” and “strangers”, drawing a line between them, visible only to him alone.
This dog will not stand on ceremony with other pets, because it considers itself a dominant. Therefore, walking in public places is permissible only on a leash, even if your friend is very well mannered.
This strong, strong-willed, independent and intelligent dog requires impeccable education. Shepherd’s instincts are developed to the limit, so it is very difficult to resist them without special preparation. This is not a “couch” dog, but a powerful guard. A good upbringing, laid down from early childhood, will be the key to adequate behavior, without showing aggression, even towards strangers. It is important to immediately establish the correct contact, in which the dog will take its proper place. Only the owner should dominate.
Education and training
Each dog of this breed is a separate story. Not all representatives of YURO prefer to dominate, some calmly agree to the role of subordinate. But those who intend to lead will cause a lot of trouble. Such a dog will be difficult to get to do what it does not want. It manifests itself already in puppyhood.
The intelligence of the Tavricheskaya Shepherd Dog is quite high – above average. This must be used. Even as a toddler, your pet must understand who is the boss in the house. The slightest imbalance must be corrected at lightning speed. YURO learns quickly. And not only good, but also bad. However, it is quite amenable to good training. Professional pursuits are encouraged.
The most crucial moment is the transition period. If during this period the owner does not lose his authority, everything will be in order..
Diseases and care of the South Russian shepherd dogs
Yuzhak is strong, healthy and very hardy. With proper care, its life expectancy reaches 15 – 17 years. Thanks to its coat and thick undercoat, it is able to endure even severe frost. They are not prone to genetic ailments, but this does not mean that they do not get sick. With due attention, any malaise can be noticed initially and prevented.
Basic care consists of occasional washing and daily combing. An animal should be accustomed to this from early childhood (from about eight months, after the first molt), since mats formed in large quantities are no joke. Bathing is often not recommended, so as not to wash off the layer of protective fat, due to which the so-called self-cleaning occurs.
Grooming is provided only for those pets that participate in exhibitions. For the rest, only care for the ears, eyes, etc. is relevant. Carefulness, periodicity and constancy are required here.
Feeding always comes first in caring for any dog. Its health depends on the quality of nutrition to a greater extent (if we exclude genetic predisposition). Yuzhak is a big dog that needs meat. It is this that forms the basis of the diet. Further – the frequency of feeding, mineral supplements (especially in puppyhood), compliance with the rule “less is better, but better”, that is, a sober attitude to the issue. Yuzhak does not suffer from allergies, therefore, contraindications can be attributed only to what is contraindicated for a dog a priori – “delicious” for humans.
Pros and cons of the breed
It is difficult to overestimate the merits of such a dog, but more often they have to be watched from the outside. And not only because this dog is very beautiful:
[expert_review expert_type = “self” qa_type = “popup” pluses = “smart ;; loyal ;; strong ;; affectionate ;; powerful guard ;; healthy and not picky” minuses = “can hardly fit in a city apartment ;; character is required from the owner ;; need training ;; ” pluses_minuses_title = “Strengths and weaknesses” color = “blue-1”]
How to choose a South Russian Shepherd puppy
The purity of the breed is very important. Its importance increases significantly when it comes to a serious dog. This is exactly what YURO belongs to. If marriage concerns only external criteria – this is not so bad, the genetics of the dog’s character is much more important. Therefore, you should buy such a puppy in a good kennel or from serious breeders who monitor the purity of the breed.
It is better to get acquainted with the baby when he turns 3 months old. During this period, dignity and vices are already clearly manifested. They choose a baby according to four criteria at once:
- follow his behavior: active, fearless, independent, curious;
- checking the documents for the puppy;
- scrupulously study the pedigree;
- conduct an external examination, which makes it possible to judge the health of the baby: clean eyes, shiny thick hair, paws should be without signs of seals;
How much does YURO cost
The approximate price for puppies in Russia is 25 thousand rubles. But in different regions it may differ. A significant factor is the dog’s pedigree.
South Russian Shepherd Kennels
In Russia, there are such nurseries in Novosibirsk and Yekaterinburg:
- “Tavolgi color” (Novosibirsk);
- Medangen (Yekaterinburg);
Three nurseries in Ukraine:
- “Steppe Pearl” (Lugansk);
- Iz Slavii (Nikolaev);
- Bland de Blan (Kiev);
Names of dogs YURO
This is a powerful dog, which should be appropriately named. For example:
Just make sure that the chosen nickname is associated with your pet.
Photo of the South Russian Shepherd Dog