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History of the breed (Origin)
There is no exact information about the origin of the breed. It is highly probable that these dogs, originally used both for guarding and grazing herds, and as arms (for retrieving game from the surface of the water), came to France more than 500 years ago. It is possible that breeders even then began to strive to reduce the size of dogs. The result of their selection was the emergence of the standard of the modern breed of Toy Poodles.
The French breed name “caniche” (poodle) comes from the French word “cane” – duck. In other countries, the breed is called a derivative of the word barboter (to splash). The poodle was originally used to hunt waterfowl. It originates from barbet and has retained many of its characteristics. Since 1743, the name “lacaniche” (poodle) appeared. Subsequently, the barbet and the poodle as breeds were separated. Breeders made great efforts to obtain the original breed and uniform color. The poodle became very popular as a companion dog due to its friendliness, cheerfulness and loyal character and also thanks to four sizes and a variety of colors that anyone can choose according to their preferences.
Toy Poodle breed description
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Adorable touching dogs with a calm, gentle character. The body of toy poodles is covered with luxurious thick wool, which is never shaved. The dog is of medium proportions, with a characteristic curly or corded coat. It gives the impression of an intelligent, always attentive, active, and harmoniously built dog, which is very elegant and full of dignity.
- Length of muzzle approximately 9/10 of the length of the skull.
- Length of body slightly greater than height at withers.
- The height at the withers is almost equal to the height of the croup..
- Distance from ground to elbows equal to 5/9 of the height at the withers.
Head: Refined, straight lines, in proportion to the body. The head should be well sculpted, it shouldn’t look heavy, but it shouldn’t be too delicate either. Skull: Its width is less than half the length of the head. Seen from above, the skull appears oval along the longitudinal axis, in profile it is slightly convex. The longitudinal axes are slightly diverging. The superciliary arches are moderately pronounced, covered with long hair. Frontal furrow: Wide between the eyes, tapering towards the very pronounced occipital protuberance. (In dwarf poodles, the occipital protuberance may be less pronounced.) Transition from forehead to muzzle: Very slightly pronounced.
Nose: Developed, vertical when viewed in profile, well open nostrils. In black, white and gray dogs, the nose is black, in brown dogs it is brown; in apricot and red poodles, brown or black. Muzzle: The upper profile is straight, approximately 9/10 of the length of the skull. The lateral bones of the lower jaw are almost parallel. The muzzle looks strong. The lower profile is formed by the jaw and not by the lower edge of the upper lip.
Lips: Moderately developed, rather dry, of medium thickness. The upper lip rests on the lower lip without overlapping it. Black, white and gray poodles have black lips. In brown ones, they are brown; apricot and red poodles may be brown, more or less dark, or black. The lip angle is not pronounced. Jaws / Teeth: Scissor bite, strong teeth. Cheekbones: Cheek musculature not protruding, fitting tightly to the bones of the skull. The infraorbital region is well carved and poorly filled. Zygomatic bones protrude slightly.
Eyes: fiery expression, set at the level of the transition from forehead to muzzle, set slightly obliquely. Almond-shaped incision of the eyelids. The eyes are black or dark brown. Brown poodles may have dark amber eyes. Eyelids: The rims of the eyelids are black in black, white and gray poodles, brown in brown ones. In apricots and reds, they are brown or black.
Ears: Fairly long and drooping along the cheeks. The base is on a continuation of a line from the top of the nose and just below the outer corner of the eyelid. Flat, widening downward from the base, the tips are rounded, covered with very long, wavy hair. The ear sheet should reach the corners of the lips.
Neck: Strong, slightly arched nape, of medium length, well proportioned; carries his head high and proudly. No dewlap formation. In cross-section, the neck is oval. Its length should be slightly less than the length of the head.
Body: Poodle body of very good proportions; the length of the body is slightly greater than the height at the withers. Withers: Moderately pronounced Back: Short, harmoniously contoured, straight and firm. The withers and croup should be at approximately the same height. Loins: Strong and muscular. Croup: rounded but not sloping.
Forechest: The apex of the sternum should be slightly protruding and set high enough. Chest: Reaches to the elbows. The width is 2/3 of the depth. In large poodles, the volume of the chest, measured behind the shoulder blades, must exceed the height at the withers by at least 10 cm. Oval ribs. Wide in the back. Bottom line and belly: Tucked up, but without undermining (like a greyhound). Tail: Set on rather high, at the level of the loin. It should be long, shortened by one third or one half of its natural length. The tail is lowered in the stance. In motion, the tail is carried obliquely upward.
FOREQUARTERS: Perfectly straight, set parallel, well muscled and boned. The distance measured from the angle of the elbow to the ground should be slightly longer than the distance from the angle of the elbow to the withers. Shoulders: Obliquely laid, well muscled; the shoulder blade should form an angle of 110 degrees with the shoulder. Shoulder: The length of the shoulder corresponds to the length of the shoulder blade. Wrist: In continuation of the forearm line. Metacarpus: Strong but not massive, almost straight when viewed from the side.
Forefeet: Rather small, closed, forming a short oval. The toes are well arched, the pads are hard and thick. The nails are black in black and gray poodles, in brown ones they are black or brown. In white poodles, the nails can be pink or of different pigmentation up to black. Apricot and red poodles have brown or black nails.
Hindquarters: Seen from the rear, should be parallel. The musculature is well developed and well defined. The knee joint is quite pronounced. The articulation angles of the hip, knee and hock should be well defined. Upper thigh: Well muscled and firm. Metatarsus and tarsus: Fairly short and vertical. The poodle should be born without dewclaws.
Coat: Toy Poodle with curly hair: abundant, fine, fluffy texture, well curled, elastic and resistant to hand pressure. The coat should be very thick, abundant, of uniform length, forming proportionate curls.
Color: monochromatic coat: black, white, brown, gray, apricot and red.
Brown: not diluted, fairly dark, uniform and warm in color. Beige and lighter derivatives are not desirable. Gray: uniform, not attenuated, not close to black, not whitish. Apricot: uniform, without turning to fawn or sand, as well as red. Red: All coats must be of a uniform color, never tended to be apricot. Pigmentation: The eyelids, nose, lips, gums, palate, natural openings, scrotum and paw pads should be well pigmented.
Toy Poodle personality
Toy poodles are distinguished by their intelligence and ability to learn different tricks, thus entertaining their owners and enjoying themselves. They are helpful, helpful, playful and always eager to please..
Unlike standard poodles, who are very fond of playing with other dogs, toy poodles are less enthusiastic in this sense. Of course, this depends on the particular dog and its upbringing. Toy poodles can be shy with strangers and need to be socialized as a puppy.
Poodles tend to be loved by children. They are not dog breeds that bark too much. They will, of course, bark to protect their owner, but these are not overly yapping dogs. Toy poodles are more relaxed about the need to be alone at home than some other dog breeds, but only if they regularly receive enough attention..
Care and training
Appearance plays a more important role in the poodle than in most other dog breeds. Toy poodles need to be bathed and cut regularly every 6 to 8 weeks. This breed practically does not shed. There are several types of haircuts for toy poodles, the most common are:
- Scandinavian lion
- Classic (lion)
- English lion
- English saddle
If your poodle does not participate in exhibitions, then you can choose any haircut that you like. Despite the fact that toy poodles are active dogs full of enthusiasm, their need for movement is easy to satisfy. Walking outside, playing at home and learning new tricks is a great way to release energy and maintain a healthy mind for these miniature dogs..
In teaching toy poodles, rewards, play, and most importantly, praise work well. Praising your poodle can teach him a lot. In general, toy poodles are loyal to their family and have a friendly and cheerful disposition.
They are very clean. Toy poodle should be combed daily, washed 1-2 times a week. It is necessary to regularly check the condition of the ears and cut once every 2 months. There are several different haircuts: continental (“under the lion”), “sporty” (hair is cut to the same length throughout the body), “English saddle” (with cuffs) and “puppy” (continental with long pants). Poodles don’t shed.
The poodle’s wool does not have a specific “doggy” smell, it does not remain either on upholstered furniture or on your clothes because of the uniqueness of its structure, but such wool requires a certain amount of care – timely combing, washing, drying, cutting.
Brushing the coat is the most important part of hair care.
The coat of any puppy needs to be brushed more regularly, especially when changing from puppy down to normal coat. Sometimes the fluffy coat of the puppy after combing, after half an hour looks like it has never been touched by a brush.
Poodle puppies need to be combed daily, first with a special dog massage brush and comb, and then, as they grow and change their coat, with a soft slicker specially designed for puppies. Slickers that are too hard can injure hair and skin.
No special grooming is required for the first six months. However, it is at this stage that the relationship to grooming is laid. Regularly combing your puppy, teach him to stand calmly, because he will have to continue to endure this whole procedure constantly, and even for several hours. At the age of 3-4 months, most puppies violently resist when they are combed, often at the same time they bite quite seriously and scream heart-rendingly, therefore combing and grooming are also extremely important educational moments for poodle puppies. If the puppy’s resistance is not overcome at an early age, then in the future even the smallest dog can become completely uncontrollable.
Therefore, in the process of accustoming a puppy to grooming, you must immediately find an approach to him, calm him down and let him know that all his whims are in vain. After the puppy calms down, you need to praise him. Remember that poodles are very conceited. Praise him after the end of the procedure. Be sure to emphasize how handsome he has become – poodles love that. After four months, your puppy should already be quietly letting him do whatever is necessary. And if this stage is successfully completed and the dog does not feel fear and humiliation, then everything is in order..
The poodle’s coat tends to get tangled, especially behind the ears. You will never be able to keep the coat looking good if you remove the tangles each time you brush, as this removes the fur as well. But it is necessary to prevent the appearance of mats, because an ideal environment for bacteria and parasites is formed under them. In addition, over time, the skin under the mats becomes inflamed, and this can lead to dangerous infections. To avoid tangles, brush the poodle’s coat regularly, but do not limit yourself to the top layers, comb all the way down to the skin. As soon as two hairs get tangled, a tangle forms around it. Therefore, it is best to comb your hair at the slightest hint of tangling.
Of course, you do not want to devote your whole life to combing a poodle, but do not let this scare you, since such frequent combing is required only during the formation of the coat in puppies at an early age and during the change of puppy hair. In adult dogs, the coat does not tangle in a week, so there is no need to brush it more often. The coat of a poodle is formed gradually and reaches its full shape only by the age of 2-3 years, and in dogs of different colors this process can proceed in completely different ways. The interval between brushing depends on the degree of matting and matting of the coat. Never brush dry coat, always spray with conditioner. Comb the coat in small areas.
The puppy’s ears must be monitored especially closely, as poodles’ ears, unfortunately, are weak and prone to inflammation. Wax builds up in the ears of any dog over time. The hair growing inside the ear is impregnated with sulfur and a dense mass is formed. If it is not removed in time, inflammation of the ear canal may occur, which very often happens. Ear care has a lot to do with hair care. The hair growing inside the ear should be plucked and is most conveniently done with tweezers with fluted ends during each haircut. This rather unpleasant procedure needs to be taught to the puppy from the very beginning of its appearance in you and to carry out it constantly. As practice shows, with regular plucking of wool, its growth slows down over time, and the process itself becomes less painful.
I advise you to use a special powder when plucking, it makes the hair less slippery, so it is easier and less painful to pluck out, in addition, the powder has an anti-inflammatory effect, but you need to use the powder in moderation, it should only powder the inner surface of the ear, but not clog the ear passage.
Every time you clean your ears, wipe them dry with a clean, dry cotton swab. Dirty ears full of sulfur, sometimes infected with mites, give the poodle anxiety, itching and pain. The poodle begins to comb the ears, and the hair on the ears is lost. If you have any inflammation, discharge of dark earwax, or foul odor from your ears, see your doctor. Do not self-medicate, do not use any drops without a doctor’s recommendation. First of all, you need to find out the cause of the disease, and not try all the drugs in a row. If a dog’s ear is covered with ear mites (otodecosis), and you decide to treat the ear with alcohol rubbing, then only exacerbate the situation. Of course, the best preventive measure is constant ear care. Every time you inspect them while combing the poodle, remove hairs from the inside of the auricle, use powder. If the ears are not started, then they will not have to be treated.
It is very common for poodles to develop brown smudges under the eyes, this may be due to several reasons. One of the reasons is the anatomical structure of the eye. Many toy poodles have large bulging eyes. With this structure of the eyes, the opening of the lacrimal canal, through which the lacrimal fluid that washes the eyeball, flows into the nasal cavity, is located too high. As a result, some of the tear fluid does not fall into the nose, but constantly flows out. The skin and fur under the eyes are constantly wet and are subject to the deforming effect of tears. The coat takes on an unpleasant rusty color and the skin is often inflamed. This anatomical defect is irreparable, but irritation can be reduced by constantly treating these areas with antiseptic solutions or special lotions.
Dysplasia of the hip joints, cataracts, epilepsy, digestive disorders.
Pros and Cons of Toy Poodle breed
Kind, gentle, affectionate disposition, the desire to please the owner, the ability to play with children, non-aggressive attitude towards strangers and other dogs.
The beauty of a poodle certainly depends a lot on its owner and the care of the dog. And caring for a poodle is not easy. From the very first days, the puppy needs to be accustomed to such procedures as combing, cutting, cleaning ears, eyes and teeth, clipping nails and other hygienic procedures.
Poodles are prone to the following diseases:
- Medial dislocation of the patella
- Extended cardiomyopathy
- Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head
- Diseases of the anal glands
- Tracheal collapse
- Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis
- Immune hemolytic anemia
- Chronic atrioventricular valve failure
- Von Willebrand disease
- Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s Syndrome)
- Intervertebral disc disease
- Ectopia of the ureters
- Progressive retinal degeneration
Poodles are also prone to hair loss, ear infections, kidney stones, allergies, cryptorchidism and deafness..
Approximate price of Toy Poodle and list of kennels
The cost of a toy poodle puppy in Russia varies from 6,000 rubles. up to 40,000 rubles
Toy poodle kennels:
1) CHARM, Moscow //pudeldog.ru/
2) RAINBOW FRAMEWORK Ramenskoe //www.radygadog.ru/
3) WOLF WIND Samara //daylapu.ru/vv/
4) MAJESTIC ICE Moscow //www.dogice.ru/
5) LIONS OF THE BALTIC, St. Petersburg //vk.com/club23919209
6) FROM THE CONSTELLATION OF A VIRGO, Novosibirsk //vk.com/poodle2007
Toy Poodle Photos
List of sources
Materials for the article were taken from the following sites: