This dog has a hard, wiry coat and a two-tone color, thanks to which the dog looks like a respectable gentleman on a walk. Like any terrier, your future pet is distinguished by its vigor and lively character, cheerful disposition and developed hunting instincts.
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History of the origin of the breed
The origin of the Welsh Terrier is not exactly known, most likely, the breed originated from the Old English Black and Tan Terrier (no longer existing today). Despite the external resemblance to the Airedale Terrier, these two breeds have no common ancestors. Officially, the Welsh Terrier breed was recognized in 1885, after which its purebred breeding began. It is possible that Irish Terriers, Lakeland Terriers or Fox Terriers participated in the formation of the Welsh Terriers at a certain stage. Cynologists do not exclude that Welsh Terriers, in turn, were used in Germany to breed jagd terriers.
There is a lot of unclear about the origin of the Welsh Terriers. Outward resemblance to Airedale Terriers does not mean related origin, since no common roots have been found between these breeds. Today dog handlers are inclined to believe that the ancestors of the Welsh Terriers were Old English Black and Tan Terriers who hunted burrowing animals and ducks. Today this breed no longer exists.
As the signs of the new breed were formed, purposeful breeding of Welsh Terriers began. The breed was first presented at an exhibition in 1885, a little later the first breed standard was formed. Today’s Welsh Terriers are colored in exactly the same way as the first representatives of the breed over 100 years ago.
The breed was developed in the 1760s in Wales (Great Britain). The extinct Old English Wirehaired Black and Tan Terriers are most often called as possible progenitors. Initially, individuals of this breed were used exclusively for hunting rodents, but today they are also excellent companions..
Description of the breed
Beautiful, strong-toothed and curly-haired dogs, characterized by a cheerful and somewhat stubborn disposition. The body is covered with thick, wiry hair with a soft undercoat. Also striking is a funny thick beard full of stuck crumbs.
- The head of the Welsh Terrier is flat, the distance between the ears is moderate. The transition from forehead to muzzle is poorly expressed..
- The ears are triangular, small, not too thin, hanging on cartilage. Set on high, close to cheekbones and directed forward.
- The eyes are dark, set deep, small. In the expression of the eyes, the temperament of the dog is noticeable. Bulging eyes are undesirable.
- The nose of the Welsh Terrier is straight, the muzzle is of medium length. The nose is black.
- Dog bite is correct scissor bite. Jaws well developed, powerful, well-defined, with a strong grip.
- The body in dogs is strong, it is distinguished by a straight topline and a strong, relatively short loin..
- The chest is deep, of moderate width, the front of the body looks straight, the ribs are well sprung.
- The back of the Welsh Terrier breed is short.
- The forelegs are well muscled and straight when viewed from the front. Paws are round, small. Arched toes are tightly knit, claws are black and strong.
- The hind legs of the Welsh Terrier are muscular and strong, the legs are well developed. The structure of the paws is similar to the front, dewclaws should be removed.
- The tail is set high and can be docked. In this case, the dog carries it vertically, the end is at the same height as the occipital protuberance of the dog..
- The coat is wiry, thick and hard. The undercoat is soft and short, the coat on the “jacket” is thicker. On the muzzle, limbs and back of the body there is a decorating coat. Smooth or single, no undercoat is highly undesirable.
The color of the Welsh Terrier is rusty red or gray, in both cases – with a black saddle. A rusty-red background is preferable. Black spots on the toes are unacceptable, and the black color of the back of the metatarsus is considered a defect..
Welsh Terrier character
Welsh terriers are loving and devoted dogs. They are energetic, very curious and playful. Thanks to their hunting roots, dogs of this breed are hardy and brave. Some of these dogs are aggressive towards other dogs, while others are completely peaceful.
In general, welsh terriers are slightly quieter than other larger terriers. But just like most terriers, these dogs are prone to chasing small animals and can easily run away if left unattended.
Dogs of this breed love to swim. Some people like to dig.
Vel terriers are rarely shy and adapt well to both urban and suburban living conditions. They are wonderful pets for a young, active family. The playfulness and energy of these dogs will please children very much, with whom these dogs know how to get along well, especially if the children are no longer very young.
Like all terriers, the welsh terrier should always be busy and spend a lot of time outside. Cables of this breed are usually friendlier, quieter and more balanced than bitches. In general, these dogs are peaceful and rarely aggressive, but if it comes to a fight, then they become serious opponents.
In a country house with a plot, he will gladly protect your property from rats and other rodents, as well as from the encroachments of strangers. The passion for hunting due to the origin of the breed will help the Welsh Terrier to cope with rodents, and the dog will be able to warn you about unwanted guests due to its increased distrust of everyone except the owner and his family.
Do you live in the city? The Welsh Terrier will perfectly get used to even in a small apartment, just do not deprive the dog of long active walks. And also – make sure that he does not get involved in fights with other dogs. The brave heart of the little hunter always calls him to protect the owner from any potential danger!
The Welsh Terrier is well suited for keeping in an apartment if you provide it with daily long walks and sufficient physical activity.
Left unattended for a long time, these dogs are prone to destructive behavior.
Welsh Terriers feel quite comfortable indoors. Living in a metropolis does not create problems for them in terms of getting hefty physical exertion. They love to run, catch up, jump – in short, all active games, preferably with the owner.
Welsh Terriers are very capricious, sometimes even cocky, they never miss noisy scandals and funny games, they always strive to be in the spotlight.
In the hands of an experienced hunter, the Welsh Terrier may well be a versatile dog. Not all Welsh Terriers work with a grip, some are limited to just barking. Dogs also differ according to the animal: some work better for a badger, others for a fox.
Initially, Welsh Terriers were used only for hunting burrowing animals and small predators. However, today they are used much more widely. In addition to hunting, Welsh Terriers perform both guard and herding functions, and are often just companions of humans.
Among the undoubted advantages of the breed, the owners of the Welsh Terriers will name the cheerful disposition, lively character of the dog, endless devotion to the owner and the elegant appearance of a dog dressed in an elegant jacket.
For those who are interested in working with a dog, who are not against long walks or who dream of becoming a hunter, Welsh Terriers are perfect! The compact size of the dog allows it to perfectly adapt to life in an urban environment, and being well brought up, the Welsh Terrier will gladly bring slippers to its beloved owner and frolic with the children.!
Welsh terrier and other pets
Welsh terriers can get along well with other pets if they grow up with them since childhood.
Welsh Terrier care
Welsh terriers practically do not shed, but their coat needs to be trimmed at least 2 times a year. Their coarse and dense coat gets dirty easily, but bathing the dog too often is not recommended. Periodic bathing and brushing once or twice a week will help keep the Welsh terrier tidy.
Like all other dogs, Vel terriers need to periodically brush their teeth and ears, wipe their eyes and cut their nails..
There are only a few breeds of dogs more indefatigable than the Welsh Terrier. Therefore, only long walks, playing in the yard or in the park will help keep the energy of the Welsh Terrier under control. These dogs love to chase and fetch items. For active people, Welsh terriers will be happy to keep company in running or in other outdoor sports activities.
Needs trimming twice a year. Before exhibitions, cosmetic tweaks are held. To avoid colds, wool should be left on for the winter. If the owner does not go hunting with the dog, then you should take it to the baits organized by the clubs. If this is not possible, then you need to walk a lot with the dog, take it on hikes, out-of-town walks, etc.
The main thing that a Welsh Terrier cannot do without is daily active walks and careful grooming. The first is for the dog’s ebullient energy to find a way out, and the second is for the dog to look dignified. The dog’s coat should be brushed twice a week and trimmed several times a year. Clipping is not recommended, as it can irreparably damage the structure of the coat. Taking care of a pet or hunter dog is easier than a show dog.
There is an arsenal of brushes, combs and slickers to help keep your dog’s coat in good condition. But how do you find your way around the variety of accessories?
To avoid injury to your dog, use blunt-toothed combs that will not injure the skin. It is best when the teeth of the comb rotate. This design makes it easier to comb the matted coat.
If you want to parse or style your pet’s fur, you should have a comb with fine teeth and a long narrow end in your arsenal.
Brush your dog every day, or at least once every two days. The process will give your pet incredible pleasure, and his coat will always be beautiful and shiny. You can bathe your dog no more than once every three months. More frequent washing will damage the skin structure. But it is imperative to rinse your paws after a walk in wet weather, only without soap!
Long hair of purebred dogs should be dried with a hairdryer and combed at the same time, then the possibility of tangles is minimized. If a dog has a habit of wiping himself off on carpets and rugs after washing, the appearance of tangles is almost inevitable.
Grooming for wire-haired terriers requires stripping at least twice a year. This procedure allows the dog to get rid of old, matured and dying hair. Refusal from stripping in favor of less laborious haircuts leads to a significant deterioration in the quality of the coat and the loss of the dog’s appearance characteristic of the breed.
In addition to regularly pulling out dead hair, it is necessary to comb out the dog with a stripping comb at least once a week.
Especially carefully and thoroughly you need to strip the chest, sides, neck from the sides and croup of the dog. The skin in these areas is softer and thinner, and the coat is shorter and softer, so too vigorous stripping can leave the dog naked, which is undesirable.
Briefly pluck the fur on the front of the chest, on the shoulders to the elbow joint, on the upper part of the dog’s body, on the sides and tail. If you are preparing a dog for participation in a show, consider the time so that the coat has time to grow back a little before the show, since according to the standard adopted for wire-haired dogs, the coat on the back should be broken.
The hair on the sternum, belly and groin is trimmed so that it runs diagonally upward in a slightly convex line.
The exterior of all terriers requires a well-defined ischial tuberosity. The inner thigh is trimmed with scissors so that when viewed from behind, the contour line from the pelvis to the foot looks straight. The front of the thigh is stripped.
The hocks of the hind legs and the front legs are combed up to the elbow joint and scissors to give them the shape of an even column. The hair between the toes and around the nails must be trimmed so that the nails are visible.
The most careful attention is required when trimming the terrier’s head. A perfectly trimmed head for Airedale, Welsh Terrier and Wirehaired Fox Terrier should have a rectangular brick-like shape. To do this, the hair on the ears, cheekbones and skull is cut shortly, stepping back from the dog’s eyes at a distance of about one and a half centimeters. The eyebrows need only be slightly marked. The outer corners of the eyes should be clearly visible even a few weeks after the haircut. On the back of the nose, wool is left in such an amount that it smoothes the visual transition from the forehead to the muzzle to a straight line. The mustache and beard are trimmed so that the head is rectangular in shape.
In order for the fur on the dog’s face to lie forward and create the necessary contours, it is daily combed in the right direction, sometimes slightly moistened with water.
A week before the show, you should wash the dog, and the day before – rub it vigorously with a hard towel and comb it using a stiff brush. Brush the dog with a metal comb and lightly smooth the coat with a flannel just before entering the ring.
Welsh Terrier food
The owners of Welsh Terriers are lucky: they will have a pet who is not picky about food at home. The strong teeth of the dog will allow you to cope with any food. During the period of increased physical activity, the amount of feed can be increased. As with any dog, the correct ratio of protein, fat and carbohydrates in the diet is important for the Welsh Terrier.
Since the body converts excess carbohydrates into fat, their amount in a daily feed depends on many factors. Among them are the weight of the dog, its mobility, which is influenced by the conditions of housing and the degree of workload, the condition of the coat, the season, the period of breeding or feeding, age and sex.
On average, the normal functioning of a dog will be provided by the following daily doses per 1 kg of live weight: 3-4 grams of proteins, 1-2 grams of fat and 12-15 grams of carbohydrates.
Your dog needs to consume protein (protein), fats and carbohydrates daily. A balanced diet consists mainly of animal products (meat, dairy products, fish) with the addition of cereals, flour and small amounts of herbs and root vegetables.
Proteins are involved in the construction of new cells in the body, fats serve as a source of heat and part of the protoplasm of cells, affect digestion and ensure cellular metabolism. Carbohydrates also take part in the metabolism, they are made up of almost all body tissues, and they are also a source of energy.
Groats (crushed oatmeal, millet, buckwheat, pearl barley, barley) are always fed to dogs in cereals. Oatmeal and millet are best suited. A dog’s diet can include a lot (200-300 grams per day) of bakery products: bread, crackers, flat cakes, etc. Bread is added to milk, soup-soup, or given in its natural form. Crackers are pre-soaked.
Oatmeal, wheat and rye flour can fully replace the corresponding cereals. The flour is used to prepare a boiled flour soup, which is used occasionally, as dogs are reluctant to eat it. They also feed the dogs with flour dust. It is brewed in meat soup or boiled with milk if the dust is not clogged. A grain cut, consisting of broken grain, without seeds of weeds and harmful plants, is used to feed dogs in a peeled, peeled, ground and boiled form. It is less nutritious than whole grains.
Peas, beans, lentils, as well as corn are used for feeding dogs in a ground, finely crushed form after a long boil in a mixture with other cereals.
Welsh Terrier training
Dogs of this breed lend themselves well to training, do not bark in response to commands and quickly learn new knowledge. They owe this to their docile nature and lively temperament. However, experts advise to start training the Welsh Terrier from an early age, since many dogs of this breed tend to dominate.
If you live in a country house, do not chain the Welsh Terrier, dogs do not tolerate it well. Better arrange an aviary for the Welsh Terrier.
Welsh Terrier health
Dysplasia of the hip joints is in the first place. Violations of the cardiovascular system can also be recorded.
In general it is a very hardy and healthy breed of dog. The following diseases were most often seen in these dogs:
- Dislocation of the lens of the eye
The approximate cost of a Welsh terrier puppy
The price of Welsh Terrier puppies starts around 10,000 rubles. The minimum price for pets born in nurseries is much higher than the market price, it fluctuates around 25,000-35,000 rubles.
Photos of Welsh Terrier
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