Are you a hunter or are you going to become one? Do you need a hardy, strong dog that is not afraid of bad weather, with excellent instinct, able to hunt in the field, forest, on the water, almost any animal? Take a closer look at the Drathaar, or German Wirehaired Pointing Dog.
Thick waterproof coat, noble outlines of the body, lively expression of the eyes, the ability to understand the owner at a glance, universal hunting talents are just a part of the advantages of this dog.
If hunting is not included in your plans, the darthaar will become a good companion for you and your children, he will be happy to “babysit” even the kittens – the calm, balanced character of the dog is a real gift, as well as unpretentious care and good health!
The content of the article:
History of the origin of the breed
Large, energetic, slightly high-flowing, harmoniously built, versatile, Continental German Wire-haired Pointing Dog, or German Griffin, as it is sometimes called, bred in the early 1900s by the German Brotherhood of Hunters, or “Hegeval-da” (led by Sigismund Freiherr von Sedlitz and Neukirch), preferring upland hunting, from under the poodle-pointer, the griffin Korthals and the German shtihelhaar (obtained from under the busty bird hounds – barbe and short-haired pointer) for versatile hunting use in field, upland, water and marsh game, regardless of time of the year.
This is an intelligent, hardy, spiteful dog, with a loyal and medium-range instinct, firm staunch and soft delivery, although it is inferior in training and training to its short-haired brother.
German drathaars (wire-haired cops) began to breed at the end of the 19th century in Germany. The breeders set a goal: to get an energetic hunting dog with excellent working qualities. The ancestors of the breed are the Kortals griffins, shtihelhaars, poodle-pointers, shorthaired pointers. In a short time, a new breed was obtained, universal in use and well protected by a hard, like wire, wool. Drathaars, thanks to their hunting talents, quickly gained popularity both in their home country and around the world.
In the formation of the breed, the French griffon, the poodle-pointer, the short-haired and coarse-haired cops were involved. Initially, individuals of this breed were used exclusively for hunting, but today they also proved to be excellent as domestic companions. The possibilities of the drathaars as guards are rather dubious.
The German Drathhaar breed was bred about a hundred years ago in Germany for versatile hunting purposes: in the fields with a stand, in the water (feeding game), collecting a wounded animal on a blood trail, searching for and feeding bat game, and even hunting ungulates. Him. Drathaar for the climate of Russia is especially relevant, because thanks to the tough, tight-fitting coat with a thick short undercoat, the dog is protected from rain, snow, as well as from thorny branches.
Description of the breed
The current breed standard was approved in 2002. Drathaar is a versatile hunting dog, hunted with him in the forest, field, on the water. Dogs should be able to hunt both before and after the shot. Drathhaars have a firm, balanced, controlled character. They should not be shy in front of the game, be aggressive or cowardly. The growth of males is 61-68 cm, bitches – 57-64 cm.The breed is undergoing a test of working qualities.
- The head of the drathaar is proportional to the body of the dog, the muzzle is somewhat lowered. The brow ridges and the transition from the forehead to the nose are clearly defined.
- The ears are set wide and high, their size is medium.
- Eyes as dark as possible, not protruding but not set too deep. Expression is energetic, lively. The eyelids are well pigmented and snug.
- The nose of the Drathhaar is straight, the muzzle is long, massive, wide and deep. A slight hunchback is noticeable. The nose is well developed, with wide open nostrils. The pigmentation matches the coat color.
- Full correct scissor bite. The teeth are well developed, the jaws are strong. Thick lips, well pigmented.
- The body is noble in shape, the topline is somewhat sloping, the withers are pronounced, the bottom line is elegantly curved.
- The chest is deep and wide, the sternum is well developed, the ribs are arched.
- The back of the Drathhaar breed is muscular and strong, the loin is wide and short.
- The forelegs of the drathhaar are straight, set parallel, the distance from the withers to the elbows is approximately equal to the distance from the elbows to the ground. Paws are round or oval, toes are collected in a ball, resting on firm, thick pads with good pigmentation.
- The hind legs of the Drathhaar are parallel and straight. The thighs are long, muscular and wide; the shins are sinewy. Paws are oval-rounded, toes are collected in a ball. The pads are thick, strong, firm, well pigmented.
- The tail of the drathaar continues the line of the back, the dog keeps it horizontally or slightly raised. A vertical tail position is unacceptable. The tail is neither too thin nor thick. Can be docked to suit hunting purposes. In countries where docking is prohibited, the tail of the drathaar should reach the hocks, remaining straight or slightly saber-shaped.
- Standard for the Drathhaar: The coat of the Drathhaar is stiff, wiry, dense and tight-fitting. The undercoat does not allow water to pass through, the length of the top coat is 2-4 cm. The length of the coat should not hide the contours of the body. The stiffness and density of the coat protects the dog well from bad weather and minor injuries. The coat on the back of the limbs, belly, chest, ears and head is shorter and thicker than on the dog’s body. Beards and eyebrows are clearly visible.
- The color of the drathaars is of four types: black with gray hair, with or without spots, brown with gray hair with or without spots, gray-haired (otherwise – gray), brown with a white mark on the chest (or without it).
German drathaars are distinguished by an increased need for physical exercise. They are always on the move, at any moment ready to go for a walk or start a fun fuss with the owner.
An excellent hunter, protected from the weather by hard wool, unpretentious in food. Completely non-aggressive towards people. Due to its balanced character, it is an excellent companion.
When planning to get a Drathhaar, remember – this is an active hunting dog. She better not live in an apartment. Drathaar, if he does not hunt, requires serious physical activity. In addition, drathaars need to communicate with the owner, in fairly close contact. These dogs will not work with the “feed, pet and forget” scheme twice a day.
If you prefer an active lifestyle, rest, then the drathaar will become your great companion. Cycling, jogging, long-distance hiking, relaxing by the pond (dogs love to swim) – your pet will love everything! And if in winter you harness the darthaar to a sled, he will gladly ride your children!
The Drathaar or German Wirehaired Pointer is a very active, intelligent and loyal dog. Dogs of this breed should always be in business, they love when their owner has a job in which they can help him.
From idleness and lack of exercise, these dogs can easily get bored and become uncontrollable. Therefore, it is very important to provide the drathaara with regular activity or to engage in vigorous outdoor exercise.
Puppies of this breed are very energetic and somewhat irritable. It should be noted that Drathhaar puppies mature late and only by the age of 2 become fully mature.
The Wirehaired German Pointer is not an easy breed to train. Usually a Drathhaar puppy requires several months of persistent and consistent training.
Dogs of this breed are very attached to the owner and can be jealous. Early socialization will help to cope with jealousy or minimize its manifestation, it is important to convince the dog that people and their attention are not a threat.
Usually these dogs make good guard dogs and not bad defenders.
For families with small children, the German Wirehaired Pointer is not the best choice. However, the drathaar can get along well with older children.
This breed of dog tends to be wary of strangers, which can turn into shyness that can be difficult to deal with in adulthood.
Drathaar is an excellent hunting companion. They are excellent hunters in any terrain. Drathaar is a dog with a strong sense of smell, which searches for prey, indicates the location of the game and brings it to its owner. German Wire-haired Pointers are excellent hunting companions both on land and on water. They are hardy, energetic and tireless..
Dradhaars lend themselves well to training, they are able to hunt animals and birds. They are unpretentious, easily trained on the beast, usually treat strangers calmly, although sometimes very strict dogs are found. But, as a rule, these dogs are balanced and quite mobile. Dradhaars have an innate excellent instinct and ability to serve prey to the owner, almost do not require special training. All these qualities of the breed have led to the fact that the Dradhaar breed has become very popular all over the world among hunters..
Drathaar and other pets
Drathaar, as a rule, dominates other dogs and animals in the house, but generally gets along well with them..
The main feature of the breed is ease of maintenance. No special measures are required, it is enough to periodically brush the dog’s coat. It is not recommended to bathe the Drathhaar more than twice a year.
Caring for a Drathhaar is relatively easy. The dog should be brushed twice a week and plucked during the moulting seasons. The dog’s coat should be rough to the touch.
Wash your dog as needed. Use a special dog shampoo for bathing, as human shampoo or liquid soap can irritate your pet’s skin.
If the dog is taking part in the hunt, it is important to regularly check the dog’s ears and the condition of the paw pads.
Like any other dog, the Drathhaar needs regular care of its teeth, eyes and claws.
With a lack of exercise, the drathaar can be hectic and annoying.
These dogs are best for people who like to spend time outdoors and can devote a fair amount of time to practicing with their dog.
This breed loves to run, swim and bring objects. Drathaar feels great if he lives near water.
Russian traditions of hunting dog breeding prescribe to feed the drathaars with natural food (cereals, meat, dairy products). However, many experts believe that drathaars develop no worse than eating industrial feed.
The main thing is to follow the general rules for feeding large breeds: feed puppies often and little by little, adult dogs – twice a day, and during the period of intensive growth, give the dog vitamin and mineral supplements.
The breed has excellent hunting qualities and excellent training abilities. Drathaars are able to understand the owner perfectly. It is easy and interesting to train these dogs – they have a balanced character, flexible psyche. Drathaars very quickly learn to carry out all commands given with a whistle, gesture or voice.
First of all, you need to teach your puppy to respond quickly to a nickname. In the first step, watch how this skill is developed. It is necessary to gradually reduce the number of rewards. Use them to mark only the puppy’s quick and clear reaction to the nickname. When the puppy begins to respond effectively to the nickname, start the second stage. Give encouragement if you notice that the reaction is waning.
When the puppy is 2 months old, you can start gently, without causing pain, to accustom the baby to the leash and harness.
The first stage: accustoming to the harness. It should fit the size of the puppy. Be careful with your harness, but act quickly. Release the puppy to run freely. Is the kid worried? Start playing, jogging. This will distract the dog. Is the puppy behaving well? Praise him, pet him, give him a treat.
At the second stage, the puppy is taught to be leash. You need a light leash with a lightweight carabiner, the width of the leash is 1 cm, the length is from 1.5 to 2 m. Your task is to attach the leash to the harness and lower it to the floor. Control the situation: the leash should not cling to anything. Start with 20 minutes of your puppy on a leash.
In the third stage, pick up the leash to walk with the puppy. Does the puppy pull to the side or stop? Say the nickname, then command “Let’s go.” Is the puppy stubborn? Captivate him with a treat or toy. For good behavior, “reward” the dog with stroking, praise, and treats.
The puppy and the environment: when and how to “meet”
The main thing is that by this time a strong contact has been established between the dog and the owner. Small puppies are very vulnerable and susceptible when faced with harsh stimuli. At first, you need to protect the dog from them. Choose calm places for walking, where there are no adult dogs, and take a short walk. Remember that the puppy has not yet completed the entire vaccination course, so he must walk in the basket or in your arms.
But the puppy can still be scared of something. If this happens, switch his attention to the toy, move away from the frightening object. Wait a bit and return to the source of the fear again. So the puppy will understand that there is no danger.
Team “To me” for a walk
When, walking, the puppy moves away from you at a distance of 7-8 steps, call him. Did the dog pay attention to you? Command “To me”. When the puppy comes up to you, praise him, pet him and give him a treat. You need to repeat this exercise about 5 times.
The puppy doesn’t respond to the nickname? Repeat it, get attention. Give the command “To me” in a louder and more commanding tone. Then show the puppy a treat. Remember that you cannot shout a command and a nickname!
Puppy continues to ignore the command? Call him, step aside quickly, or sit down. This should interest the puppy, he will come up to you. Now you can praise him, treat him and pet him.
Hunting with Drathaar
Drathaars are extremely versatile hunting dogs that enable a statistical hunter (which is an ordinary urban or rural hunter) to devote their free time to their favorite hobby – hunting with just one gun dog – a drathaar and practically during the opening of the hunting season for all available types of game: from the beginning of August to the end of October (in central Russia) – for the bird, from October to December – also for the animal (hare, fox, wild boar, elk) in accordance with the permitted periods for each species.
In the spring they are used to search for and feed a downed bird, for example, an evening woodcock. Drathhaars have a whole range of advantages for hunting. They have a tough coat – thorns that grow both in the field and in the pond do not stick to it, it should be noted that these thorns are just a scourge for long-haired cop dogs (for example, setter, spaniel). The type of wool is such that they are not afraid of the cold and do not freeze in cold weather, unlike short-haired cops (for example, pointer, shorthaired pointer), with drathaars they hunt in winter in cold weather.
Drathaars have a strong backbone, which allows them to work on such a support, where other breeds of dogs simply cannot do it physically, for example, to look for and serve a pheasant or duck in dense reeds.
The main complaint of the owners of these dogs is related to the occurrence of arthritis of the hip and elbow joints in their pets. It should be noted that due to targeted selection, such diseases have recently been encountered much less frequently. In any case, in order to avoid problems in the future, it is necessary to carefully read the parents’ medical record before choosing a puppy.
The German Wirehaired Pointer is prone to the following conditions:
- Dysplasia of the hip joint
- Bloating (volvulus)
- Licked granuloma
- Pododermatitis (interdigital dermatitis)
- Hot spots (raw eczema)
Also, although less often, the breeds of this dog have such diseases as:
- Entropion (turn of the century)
- Progressive retinal atrophy
- Von Willebrand disease
- Mast cell cancer (mastocytoma)
- Cranial cruciate ligament rupture (gonarthrosis)
- Aortic stenosis
The approximate cost of a Drathaar puppy
The market value of Drathaar puppies starts from 5000 rubles. In nurseries – from 25,000 to 50,000 rubles.
Pictures of Drathaar
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