A cute wrinkled face, wet shiny eyes, a tail rolled into a tight ring, paws with clearly separated fingers – this is a pug whose unusual appearance always attracts attention. And the pug is also an endless source of positive emotions for the owners, because he manages to communicate with everyone, and sometimes it seems that he manages to be in several places at once.
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History of the origin of the breed
There is no exact information about the origin of the breed. Its progenitors are considered to be miniature mastiffs, which were kept by Buddhist monks as early as 2,400 years ago. Individuals of this breed came to Europe in the 16th century with the ships of merchants. These peculiar dogs instantly became the favorite animals of the aristocratic class. They are considered ideal house companions and excellent watchmen these days.
It is believed that the homeland of these dogs is China, where they lived in the houses of the nobility and not only pleased the owners, but even hunted. True, they were brought to the hunting place on a stretcher so that the dogs did not waste energy on the road. The ancestors of pugs, according to this version, are called the Pekingese and the Chinese lion dog. The first mentions of pugs date back to 600 BC.
Other versions call the homeland of pugs India, Africa, the Netherlands, Turkey and even England. However, the “conquest” of Europe by the pug began about 400 years ago, and it was connected precisely with the development of trade with China, from where silk, spices, Pekingese and pugs came to Europe. Breeding work with the breed was launched in England, where in 1883 a pug lovers club appeared, and in 1888 – the first breed standard.
The pug was introduced to France back in 1553, along with the Turkish fleet. Somewhat later, this breed was also loved in the Netherlands, where its unusual color matched the colors of the ruling house of Orange. It was in 1689 that pugs began to be exported from the Netherlands, and this was done by the English king William III of Orange and his wife Maria II. But over time, these little dogs became less and less. Fortunately, in 1854 Queen Victoria wanted such a dog, and for her they sought her out by all means. 20 years later, the first pug lovers club was created, and it was thanks to this club that the breed began to recover and acquire exactly the standards that these unusual dogs are endowed with today..
Description of the breed
Incredibly warlike and pugnacious dogs with a very unusual appearance. The stocky body is covered with a thick and smooth coat. Basic colors: silver, fawn (apricot), black. Salient features: short wrinkled muzzle, curled tail, dark and prominent eyes.
- The pug’s head is long, round, large, without depressions on the skull. Should not resemble an apple. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is clearly marked. The muzzle is blunt, short, square. Well marked wrinkles.
- The ears are small, thin and soft, velvety. There are two types of ears: “buttons” – the ears are laid forward, fit tightly to the skull, the ear holes are not visible. The ears of the “rosette” have a hall in the middle part, they are slightly laid back, and somewhat open the inner part of the ear. Preferred form – “buttons”.
- The eyes are dark, round, very large, with a gentle and gentle expression. The eyes shine brightly, and when the dog is excited, they are full of fire.
- The pug’s nose is short, not snub-nosed. The nose is black, the nostrils are well developed.
- The pug’s bite is called undershot, the lower teeth protrude slightly beyond the upper.
- The body in dogs is short, square format.
- Broad chest, well sprung ribs.
- The back of the pug breed is short, it is distinguished by a flat top line, which should not be convex or sunken.
- The front legs of the pug are very strong, of moderate length, straight. They are set parallel to each other, well under the body. The paws are not as rounded as the cat’s, but not as long as the hare’s. Toes are split, claws are black.
- The hind legs of the pug are of moderate length, very strong. Delivered in parallel. Feet, like the forefeet, with well-separated toes, neither too long nor too round. Claws – black.
- The tail is set high, curled as tightly as possible, resting on the hip. Double curl desirable.
- The pug’s coat is delicate, thin, smooth, short and shiny, pleasant to the touch. Should not be stiff or fluffy.
The pug’s color can be silver, fawn, apricot or black. For light colors, the ears, face mask, cheekbones, a forehead mark (in the form of a fingerprint or diamond), and a dark line on the back of the dog should be as black as possible.
These energetic and cheerful creatures love to participate in active games that require ingenuity, endurance and strength. They know how to fight, but they don’t really like this occupation. Aggressive pugs are rare.
The pug is an exclusively domestic dog that most of all loves to spend time with its owner. The dog is perfect for people who do not like an active lifestyle and want to have a little friend who will lie with him on the couch. Pugs are not very active dogs, so they are suitable even for older people. They are very kind and affectionate dogs who love to play with children. Pugs also get along well with other animals, both cats and dogs. This breed of dog is very attached to its owner, so you can be sure that the pug will not run away from you on a walk..
If you are an active person who wants to get a dog in order to constantly ride with it in nature, run and ride a bike, then pugs are not for you. They love a calm, peaceful life. In no case should they be taken on long hikes or trips without a break, as they are hard to endure fatigue. Pugs sometimes like to frolic and run, so it is advisable to walk with them on a leash so that there is no difficulty in breathing. They cannot stand heat and dampness. They like to sleep and snore quite a lot. It is necessary to wipe the folds of the skin, as there may be an infection.
Ideally, this breed is suitable for a child or an elderly person. If you have a car, the pug will be your faithful companion to various places. And since it is compact, it will be easy to enter the premises with it, and at the same time it will sit quietly in your arms.
The pug is a kind and sociable creature who loves to play and have fun. And although they are not very active dogs, more inclined to cuddle and take a nap, they occasionally experience bursts of activity, especially in their youth, they can run around the house and frolic, but, as a rule, not for long.
Calm temperament and friendly nature allows dogs of this breed to be excellent pets. In addition, the pug is ideal for keeping older people who just want to have a loyal and calm friend.
Pugs are smart dogs and shouldn’t be too difficult to train, although some dogs can be quite stubborn..
As soon as you decide to relax and lie down on the couch, your pug will immediately accompany you. However, pugs are not lazy at all. They are alert and attentive, follow their owners from room to room and are always ready to play.
Dogs of this breed get along with everyone, but especially with those who give them a lot of attention and love. Pugs are very fond of being stroked and hugged, and can even get jealous and worry if the owner starts paying a lot of attention to someone else.
These dogs love to eat, they will never give up a tasty morsel and can easily become beggars, because few can resist the languidly plaintive look of a pug.
Pugs usually miss their owner very much and do not tolerate loneliness. The incredible joy of the meeting will result in a dance on its hind legs, squealing, licking and scrambling “to be taken on hand”.
Usually pugs sleep in the master’s bed. If you try to teach them to sleep separately, they will still tend to climb into your bed. At the same time, remember that pugs usually sleep quietly, but sometimes snore.
Pugs do not tolerate heat and dampness well. They should be protected from overheating.
Due to the fact that pugs shed heavily, it is better not to get them for people with dog allergies.
The tight build does not prevent the pug from being mobile – it jumps like a ball and is even ready to dance on its hind legs for joy when meeting its owner. To keep the pug in good shape, walk with him, let him frolic and run on the street. And don’t listen to those who say that sleeping pugs snore – they only emit quiet snoring.
Pug and other pets
Pugs are great at accepting other pets, a wide variety. If there are cats in the house, it is necessary to monitor their interaction, as the cat, playing, can damage the bulging eyes of the pug with its claws.
Pug hair care
Brushing your pug is best done with a stainless steel toothed comb once a week. This will help remove some of the fur, which, if not done, will be scattered throughout the house. Regular brushing will give your pug a well-groomed appearance.
However, do not expect miracles, pugs shed very much! In the summer, when I brush my beige pug, his undercoat, like poplar fluff, flies all over the apartment.
Usually, pugs are bathed once every 3 months. You can choose your bathing mode depending on the needs and activity of your pug.
Face wrinkle care
Care of the wrinkles is one of the most important components of pug care. The folds on the pug’s face are magnets for bacteria. They easily get there, because the pug spends a lot of time in a bowl of food, outside in the grass, etc. Plus, the folds on the pug’s face collect eye discharge.
When cleaning the folds, make sure that no infection or fungus has developed there, if this happens contact your veterinarian, usually such problems are not difficult to treat. In addition, “all the nasty things” that accumulate in the folds will cause an unpleasant smell from the pug, which is an extra motivation for owners to clean the folds regularly.
Grooming the folds is easy, especially if you have an obedient pug, it is best to teach your dog to this procedure from childhood. Alcohol-free and odorless baby lotion can be used. Take your pug, gently lift the crease and rub the inside over the nose and then under the eyes with a cotton pad and lotion. Continue until the cotton pad is clean. Finally, a thin layer of Vaseline can be applied inside the folds above the nose to protect this sensitive area. The frequency of this procedure depends on the condition of the folds, but at least once a week.
In addition, like other breeds of dogs, the pug needs to clean its ears, teeth and cut its nails.
One of the main features of the pug is its extraordinary, expressive eyes. They require close attention and special care. While walking, make sure that the dog does not damage them with thorny plants and branches, so that there are no cats nearby. At home, the pug’s eyes need to be washed gently. In the cold, the pug needs to be walked in overalls, low temperatures are not for this dog.
The pug cannot be called fussy, rather, he is prone to overeating. He will ask you for tidbits, stretching out his front paw, wiggling his fingers for persuasiveness (a peculiarity of the breed!), And you yourself will not notice how many of these pieces you give to please the pet. Don’t want your dog to look like a sausage? Then – meals three times a day in small portions, a balanced diet and no snacks.
When accustoming your puppy to feeding, you need to gently nudge him towards the bowl of mixture. At first he will lick his lips, and then, perhaps, begin to lap. At the age of 3-4 weeks, puppies are given complementary foods 2 times a day, 4-5 weeks – 3 times, 5-7 weeks – 4 times.
Some dog breeders feed their puppies with raw minced meat. However, this is not suitable food for them, since it does not cause active work of the stomach and intestines and is not fully absorbed.
At the age of 4–5 weeks, the puppies are transferred to dry food, at the age of 5–6 weeks, they are gradually taken away from the mother, leaving with her only overnight.
So, gradually the puppies stop needing breast milk and learn to eat solid food..
Starting from the 5th week, the puppies are fed with milk semolina, with the 6th – oat soup boiled in meat broth. Grind the meat.
After 6 weeks from the moment of birth, vegetables are added to the puppies’ feed. You can give them finely chopped raw meat, fish fillets, cottage cheese, yogurt, raw eggs, grated carrots.
Of the vitamin supplements, dog breeders recommend using fish oil. You should start with 3-5 drops daily. At the age of 3 months, puppies can be given 2-3 teaspoons of fish oil and 1-2 pinches of chopped fresh herbs. When a puppy has an upset stomach, fish oil is excluded from the diet.
As a mineral supplement, you can give the puppies calcium glycerophosphate. In the first 3 months of the animal’s life, feeding is given in 0.5 tablets, at 7–8 months of age the dose of calcium glycerophosphate in the puppy’s diet should be increased to 5 tablets.
There are several basic rules to follow when feeding your puppy:
- you should not feed the puppy from the hand or spoon, as in the future the dog will refuse to eat from the bowl;
- the puppy must know his place in the house. You should not give him food at the table during dinner and in the kitchen at the time when they cook there;
- if the dog refuses the food offered to her, it is not recommended to replace it with another type of food, since the animal, having learned that it can get something more tasty, will later refuse from ordinary products;
- You should not force-feed your dog if it refuses to eat. The reasons for this are often poor-quality food or the presence of any disease in the puppy;
- you should not train your puppy to catch thrown food in the air. Put food in a bowl. In this case, it is necessary that the dog does not pick up what falls on the floor..
The Pug is an ornamental breed that does not pass performance tests. In addition, pugs are not trained in the usual sense of the word. If you are too persistent, the dog will be offended and leave. However, there will be nothing to punish him for – he will not start tearing books and gnawing laces, the reason for this is the nature of the breed, and the features of the structure of the teeth. In the case of the pug, it is more about education. Dogs are docile, but their developed self-esteem allows them to cooperate only with those who show them respect..
Pugs have diseases of the respiratory system, cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system. When choosing a puppy, be sure to study the parents’ medical record. Most often, pugs are obese, so you need to monitor its diet, as they tend to overeat.
There is also a risk of infection between the folds on the face, so they need to be constantly looked after. Pugs can suffer from respiratory problems, and they can also have trouble breathing. These diseases are especially manifested in unfavorable weather: heat, moisture or cold.
Life expectancy: 12 – 15 years.
Flat-faced dogs often have teeth that are too close together and need to be brushed regularly to prevent gum disease.
Pug encephalitis is a genetic disorder. The symptoms of this disease are convulsions, disorientation, blindness, coma and death. However, pugs can suffer from epilepsy, which has nothing to do with encephalitis.
Some pugs are susceptible to seasonal allergies, such as tearing eyes, sneezing, etc.
Pugs have a specific disease – chronic erosion of the cornea of the eye. To combat this disease, you will need the help of a specialist. Also remember that due to the peculiarities of the structure of the respiratory system, pugs are not made for long hikes, and even a common cold can be a very dangerous condition for them..
The approximate cost of a Pug puppy
The cost of pug puppies varies from 18,000 to 25,000 rubles. Sometimes the price for a pet can reach 40,000 rubles.
Emotional, seeking to take part in all the affairs of the adored owner, looking attentively with shining eyes and invariably happy at the moment the owner returns home, the pug is able to bring real pleasure to all family members.
Are there any reasons to believe that you and your pug are “out of the way”? Perhaps there are few of them – your personal preferences regarding the character and appearance of the pet. For example, you like calm or long-haired dogs.
In all other cases, becoming the owner of a pug, you will not regret it! A short-haired dog does not need to be cut, it is enough to comb out and occasionally wash, it will get along well with other four-legged inhabitants of the house, and will demonstrate its love and affection to all family members, without exception.
However, be careful, experts say that pugs can easily begin to “accumulate in the house”: if your pet gives you puppies, then you may not have enough mental strength to part with them!
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