Dogs of this breed are loyal in soul and body to their owners, most of all being attached to one of them. Shar Pei need minimal grooming, weekly brushing and bathing (once every two weeks). In addition, it should be added that Shar Pei make excellent watchmen.
The content of the article:
History of the origin of the breed
The Sharpei pedigree is mysterious. These dogs originated either from the ancient Tibetan Mastiffs, or from the smooth-coated Chow Chow. These four-legged friends lived in Chinese homes in the southern part of the country, as well as on the coast of the South China Sea. Images of Sharpei were found in burial grounds, which allowed scientists to say that these dogs have been living for the third millennium.
At the beginning of their history, Shar Pei were versatile dogs for peasants. Pets could guard the house, help during the hunt. This is partly due to the fact that the Han emperor, to whose reign the first images of Sharpeis are attributed, actively encouraged agriculture. In the XIII-XVI centuries, there were fierce wars in the country, the loss of interest in hunting and breeding dogs led to the fact that Shar Pei became less in demand. This breed had the worst in the 40s of the last century. The communists who came to power decided that dogs were too expensive. Mao Zedong even tried to destroy almost all the pets in the country. Sharpei were almost on the verge of extinction. In the 70s, a group of enthusiasts did everything to save the breed.
“Shar Pei” – this name of the breed is directly related to its appearance, namely, with the characteristics of the coat, and in Chinese means various rough-prickly objects. But there is another designation for it as a Chinese fighting dog, since due to the peculiarities of the folded coat, Sharpei were successful in dog fights – almost invulnerable to the opponent in the ring.
The name of the breed is translated from Chinese as “sandy skin”. The homeland of Sharpeis is China. Here, these pets appeared as early as 200 BC. It is curious that this breed did not attract the attention of canine centers for a long time. The only organization that showed interest in the breed was the Guinness Book of Records. She marked this breed as the rarest in the world.
The antiquity of the breed is evidenced by images of such dogs on historical objects that have survived since the time of the Chinese rulers of Han, who lived two centuries BC. But those who believe that the origin of this breed was laid a little later, in Tibet and northern China, where their ancestors were larger dogs, which gradually disappeared from the face of the earth, do not agree with this assumption.
The breed originated in southern China, where these dogs helped peasants herd herds, guarded homes, guarded the family and hunted wild pigs. The Sharpei seem to have common ancestors with the Chow Chow, the Great Pyrenean Mountain Dog, and the Tibetan Mastiff. The tough, loose coat allows Shar-Pei to shed the grip of hostile opponents in dogfights. With the creation of the People’s Republic of China, the number of these dogs declined dramatically.
The same sad fate almost befell dogs in the middle of the 20th century, when China introduced an exorbitantly high tax on dog owners, which led to a sharp reduction in their number. The situation could be rectified only in the 70s and 80s, when the Americans took up their breeding, and gradually the Shar Pei breed spread to other countries, including Russia.
Description of the breed
Shar Pei is a careful and attentive medium-sized dog. It is characterized by a short and hard coat, deep folds on the scalp and body and an upturned, mobile tail. All of the above features of this breed set it apart from the rest. Skin folds and wrinkles on the head, neck and body are especially pronounced in puppies. With age, they smooth out to some extent, remaining only on the head, neck and nape..
- The head of the Shar-Pei is rather large in relation to the body. Wrinkles form on the forehead and cheeks, which go to the dewlap.
- The ears are small and thick. In shape, they are somewhat reminiscent of an equilateral triangle. Ears set wide apart in relation to the eyes, pressed against the skull.
- Shar-Pei eyes are dark in color, their expression is almost always gloomy, displeased. The owner needs to ensure that the pet does not develop eye irritation or conjunctivitis.
- Dogs have a large and wide nose. It is desirable that it be black, although a lighter shade is allowed in light dogs. Sharpei nostrils open wide.
- Scissor bite on the jaws. The jaws are very strong.
- The body must be covered with folds, however, excess skin on the body is not allowed.
- Sharpei chest is wide and deep. She seems to be lowered to the elbows.
- The back is short.
- The front limbs of Shar-Pei are straight, their length is average. Please note that the skin on the forelimbs is wrinkle-free.
- The hind legs are very strong and muscular. They are parallel to each other, perpendicular to the ground. Wrinkles in the thighs and shins should not be allowed.
- The tail tapers towards the end and has a round shape. He is set high, this characterizes only Sharpei.
The coat of the dogs is short and harsh. Sharpei have no undercoat, the length of the coat itself reaches about 2.5 cm.The color is allowed solid, except for white. If the tail and back of the thighs are lighter, then there is nothing to worry about. On the ears and back, there may be a shade darker than the main one..
Shar Pei are very intelligent dogs, perhaps this is their main advantage. The puppy can live with you for only a few days, but already remember what you can and cannot do.
You might argue that all dogs are smart. Yes it is. But, according to the owners of Sharpei, their pets are truly wise. Remember that the behavior of a pet of this breed is a reflection of your attitude towards him. You will be careless with the dog, you will pay little attention, the pet will immediately pretend that he forgot about you.
Shar Pei quickly learn to distinguish between “us” and “foes”. In the family, they are always ready to recognize the leader, they will not pretend to be the main role. It is important that the Shar Pei cannot be fooled. He always recognizes the motive hidden behind a piece of delicacy in the wrong hand.
These dogs are kind and affectionate, but if they sense danger, they immediately transform. By temperament, the dog is suitable even for retirees. Need to run in the morning? You are welcome! Need to sleep in the morning? Also no questions asked! A dog of this breed knows how to adapt to its owners.
By nature – a canine aristocrat: smart, proud, with a balanced psyche, does not give excessive will to emotions, with a serious expression on the face. At the same time, he is a rather mobile and active, wonderful and loyal guard. He carefully monitors his toilet, which is important for keeping in an apartment. With regards to walks, Shar Pei requires a very long walk.
As a rule, Sharpeis’ health is no less robust than their exterior. But there is one thing: due to the specific characteristics of the breed, there is a predisposition to an unpleasant disease, expressed in the twisting of the eyelids inward (entropion), the consequences of which can be very sad, up to blindness.
Shar Pei are endowed with an original character by nature. They are not as phlegmatic as many people think. Ever since childhood, they have a choleric temperament. Only with age does Shar Pei become more calm, wise and reasonable. He is perfect for the role of a family favorite. Shar Pei are devoted, independent, loyal and friendly animals. The small size of the Shar Pei makes it the ideal indoor dog. Despite their appearance, they are fearless and strong, ready to defend their master to the last. Also, if desired, they can be taught to catch mice.
Shar Pei dogs are considered good family dogs, however they can be aggressive towards other dogs and not always patient enough with children, which can correct early socialization and reduce their aggression to a minimum. Shar Pei are devoted to their master and family members.
Shar Pei are extremely dominant and independent in nature, they prefer to be kings or queens in the house, so it is important that they know who is boss. If the owner of the Shar Pei is unsure of himself, is too soft or intimidated by his dog, the Shar Pei will quickly take on the role of leader and become dominant.
Shar Pei do not like water and will avoid washing, so it is better to accustom Shar Pei to this procedure from an early age.
When buying a Shar Pei, pay attention to the breed line. In the 1980s, there was an overproduction of Shar Pei, hence the personality and health of the Shar Pei will depend on the dog’s genetics. If you carefully study the Shar Pei pedigree, then, as a rule, you can determine whether a given dog will be aggressive towards other dogs or not..
Shar Pei and other pets
Are aggressive towards other dogs.
Shar Pei is a breed of dog that needs minimal grooming. All you need to do is brush your Shar Pei regularly to remove dead hair. The only thing that should be given special attention is the Shar Pei ears. It is important to never wash your sharpei head. Water entering the Shar Pei’s ears causes serious problems that are not seen in other dog breeds. These dogs have very thin ear canals and can develop a serious ear infection if exposed to water.
The Shar Pei should be bathed approximately once a month. In the bath, a rubber brush can be helpful to get rid of loose hair. It is best to use special dog shampoos because human shampoos and liquid soaps can irritate the skin. This is extremely important for this breed of dog because skin irritation and skin conditions are common in Sharpei. Rinse well the shampoo wrinkles.
Drying after bathing is also important for this breed. It is important to dry the skin well between the folds of the Shar Pei; this can be done with a hair dryer. You can also use baby powder or special dog powder to remove excess moisture from the folds and avoid irritation.
Sharpei require significant physical activity. Long walks and a lot of traffic on the street will make the Shar Pei more relaxed at home. The head of the Shar Pei is very sensitive to overheating, so in very hot weather it is better to limit the active stay of the Shar Pei outside. Despite the fact that Shar Pei tolerate cold better than heat, the temperate climate is ideal for this breed.
Shar Pei training should be started from an early age. Since Shar Pei are prone to aggression towards other dogs, it is important to enable them to spend a lot of time with other animals from an early age. They tend to be playful and get along well with children, but again, provided they are well socialized among puppyhood children.
They rarely get sick, they perfectly tolerate bad weather, cold or heat. You can walk with your pet for only 15 minutes if you don’t have time.
Please note that these dogs are very clean, so their area should be cleaned at all times. There are no particular difficulties in caring for these pets. Sharpei care is pretty simple.
Shar Pei are prone to allergies, so you will have to monitor the dog’s diet. Many dog breeders recommend keeping a food diary to find out which food is the allergen..
Four-legged friends are very trainable. However, it is better not to act on them with punishment. Dogs perfectly understand what the owner wants from them with the help of love and affection. A strict collar will only push your pet away from you, but a piece of delicacy will help you quickly achieve results.
Your Shar Pei may suffer from a variety of ailments. Most often these are problems with vision, hearing, tonsils; manifestations of skin disease are frequent. Having arisen in puppies, subsequently signs of all the listed ailments can be found again as they grow up. Common diseases of most Sharpeis are: fever, scabies, seborrhea, constipation, tight lips syndrome, dislocation of the patella. Hip dysplasia, chronic intestinal inflammation, allergies, and cancer are also possible. Most often, the following diseases are found in Sharpei:
- Entropion. Twisting of the eyelid that irritates the cornea of the eye. Can lead to blindness if not treated properly.
- Glaucoma. A disease that can lead to blindness.
- Demodectic mange. A parasitic skin disease caused by a tick. Partial hair loss and skin teeth are common symptoms.
- Food allergy. Allergic skin reaction to food.
- Pyoderma deep skin infection.
- Atopy. Allergic reaction to environmental components.
- Hypothyroidism Thyroid disease.
- Primary seborrhea. Excess sebum on the skin, flaky skin and foul odor.
- Otitis. Ear infections.
- Sharpei fever. The syndrome is not well understood, is inherited and can lead to renal failure.
- Mastocytoma. Tumors on the skin or internal organs.
- Not common, but the following diseases are also possible in this breed:
- Bloating. Is a life-threatening condition for a dog.
- Dysplasia of the hip joint. A condition that causes severe pain, lameness, and arthritis.
- Congenital idiopathic megaesophagus. A significant increase in the size of the esophagus.
Shar Pei are also susceptible to: elbow dysplasia, renal amyloidosis and prolapse of the lacrimal gland of the third century. Shar-Pei health has one peculiarity: they often suffer from volvulus of the eyelids. If you do not see your veterinarian in time, your pet may develop blindness..