These wonderful silent kids can conquer anyone with their smart eyes and such a cute tail – a snail. But what do we know about them? Where did the Shiba Inu breed of dogs come from (right after all, Shiba Inu). Read more about it
The content of the article:
- 1. History of the Shiba (Shiba) Inu breed
- 2. Shiba Inu characteristics. About breed
- 3. Siba Inu Size Breed Standards
- 4. Shiba inu dog price
- 5. Shiba Inu – owner reviews
History of the Shiba (Shiba) Inu breed
Translated from Japanese Shiba (in many sources, the wrong pronunciation of Shiba is rooted) – a small dog. In accordance with kiriji, the name of the breed “柴犬” is written in Russian letters as shibainu or shibaken. (In Japanese, the character 犬 can be read “inu” or “ken.” As in Russian, you can say dog or dog.)
The Shiba Inu, or small Japanese dog, is the smallest among the national Japanese breeds. In Japan, this dog breed is called Shiba Ken..
Genetic studies confirm that it is one of the oldest Asian breeds. Dogs similar to the modern Shiba Inu have been found in the territory of modern Japan for more than 3,000 years ago.!
Scientists believe that the first dogs came to Japan with ancient settlers from the Asian continent, the ancestors of the Ainu people, and then arrived along with waves of other settlers, as evidenced by archaeological finds dating back to the 8th-6th millennia BC. In the III century BC.
Immigrants from Korea arrived in Japan and brought dogs with pointed ears and a tail curled into a ring. Ceramic figurines found by archaeologists are proof of this..
In the process of crossing local dogs with newcomers, the modern appearance of the Shiba Inu was fixed. With such dogs they hunted a wide variety of game, from birds to deer, wild boars and bears.
After Japan was opened to foreigners in 1862, the cross-breeding of native Japanese breeds with foreign ones began. In the years 1868-1912, many dogs of Western breeds were brought to the country, among them are English setters and pointers. Japanese hunters actively mated Shiba with imported breeds, and purebred Shiba became a rarity. By 1926, all the native breeds of the Land of the Rising Sun were threatened with extinction.In 1928, Japanese breed specialist Dr. Hiroshiho Saito, with government support, with the approval of Dr. Watanabe (a member of the Natural Monuments Conservation Association), founded the Society for the Conservation of Japanese Indigenous Breeds – NIPPO Hozonkai).
The Japanese Ministry of Education has ranked aboriginal dogs as natural monuments. Serious work began on the selection of purebred dogs of local origin. It is believed that the temporary population of Shiba was formed due to the use of dogs of different types from the provinces of Mikawa and Sanshu, differing in size, color and constitution. Dr. Saito selected a group of small individuals from among them, which was called the Shiba Inu. Pedigree dogs belonged to three main types: Shinshu Shiba from Nagano Prefecture, Mino from Gifu Prefecture and San-in from the northwest of the country.
San’in Shiba is a black and white spotted dog, larger than the Shiba.
Shin-shu more often had a red color, soft undercoat and a coarse needle-like awn. Mino (Mino shiba) had a dark red color.
The work on the breed was very successful, which made it possible in 1934 to achieve the approval of the standard for the Shiba breed. Two years later, Shiba Inu was declared a national treasure, which had a beneficial effect on its further development. The Shiba Inu was recognized as a breed in 1936 along with the Akita Inu. Breed status was also awarded to Kai (KAI KEN), Kishu (KISHU INU) and Koshi (later this dog disappeared).
After a while, two more breeds were legalized, which differ from the Shiba, mainly in larger sizes – Hokkaido Ken and Shikoku (SHIKOKU).
The Second World War practically nullified the efforts of the enthusiastic Japanese dog handlers. Only in 1948 shiba lovers, with the support of NIPPO, collected the surviving dogs and began working with different lines. Fortunately, they managed to save the breed from extinction. In Japan, this breed is bred by three main organizations that keep their own herd books and give out pedigrees of different samples. These are NIPPO (organized in 1928), the Japanese Kennel Club (organized in 1949) and Shibaho (organized in 1959). The standards adopted by these organizations recognize such colors as red, black and tan, sesame.
Shibaho also recognizes white shiba. At Nippo exhibitions, the main attention is paid to the correct structure of the animal’s head (proportions and shape of the skull, shape of the ears, shape of the eyes), as well as the quality of the coat. There are reports that in the homeland of the breed there are also dwarf shibs, 19-30 cm (4-5 pounds) tall, weighing about 3 kg, however, the dwarf form has not been officially approved.
Currently in Japan, the Shiba Inu is one of the most popular breeds. A silent, clean little dog is the best suited for the role of a companion dog. In their homeland, the Japanese annually register about 30 thousand Shiba Inu dogs.
Up to 700 or more of them are gathered at specialized national exhibitions. In the United States, the Shiba is one of the 60 most sought after breeds. Sibu is also loved in Australia and European countries. In Europe, a dog of this breed was first shown at an exhibition in Denmark in 1969. In the 70s, some European nurseries began to work with the breed. The FCI standard was approved in 1982. The shiba came to Great Britain in 1987, and in 1992 it was first exhibited at the Kraft exhibition. Dogs of this breed are now bred by nurseries of Scandinavia, Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Italy, Spain, Czech Republic, Germany, Russia. In Russia, the first representatives of the Shiba Inu appeared about ten years ago.
Source: Shiba Inu and Akita Inu kennel
Shiba Inu characteristics. About breed
Shiba Inu is a dog of medium build, with a well-developed muscular system, outwardly similar to a Spitz. Shibas are very proportionally built, their height and length are referred to as 10:11. The height of males varies from 35 cm to 41 cm, and females – from 34 cm to 38 cm. If the height of the dog exceeds these limits, then it is disqualified. Weight varies according to height and can be up to 12 kg. He is a born hunter, very fast and agile.
Like a husky, it has a thick coat with an undercoat. Although Shiba Inu can be of any color by standard, preference is given to ginger, sand and black and ginger. On the legs, stomach, chest, partly on the muzzle and tail, the color is white and cream shades.
The Shiba Inu, with his button nose, small pointed ears and a tail curled in a pretzel, seems to understand that he is perfection itself. Fearless character, mind glowing in slanting eyes, calm nobility – everything suggests that there is a KING in front of you.
The Japanese describe the nature of Shiba Inu in three words. The first is “kan-i”, which means courage and fearlessness combined with composure and powerful intellect. “Kan-i” is opposed to “riosei”, which means a friendly character and meek disposition. One does not exist without the other. But the charm of the Shiba Inu is what the Japanese call “soboku” – innocence combined with nobility and generosity. And all together the owners of these dogs describe in one word – irresistibility!
If the Shiba Inu could utter one word, then most likely it would be the word “mine.” The food is mine, the water is mine, the toys are mine, the sofa is mine, the carrier is mine, the car is mine, the owner is mine, and the whole world belongs to me! Others should share, not he. He does not want you to forget the truths that your mother taught you – you have to be generous.
If a Shiba Inu at a dog show or in a picture is just bait for a potential owner, then he swallows the hook when he first sees his puppy. A model of dog attraction, fluffy balls of fire, like tongues of flame, like clockwork toys – there are simply no words to describe the charm of Shiba Inu babies!
But an adult dog is far from a toy. Shiba Inu can be described with the words “mouth-watering macho”. Although his body may look like an appetizing bun, his mind is a fiery macho. That part of his temperament that can be described as “fearlessness of spirit” makes him take the dog very seriously. The puppy should be taught to people from an early age, closely monitor its physical and mental development. The hot-tempered nature of the dog should not be left to chance.
Most owners of these dogs put up with unpleasant traits in order to enjoy their charm. When a dog exhibits what the Japanese call “dog”, no one can remain indifferent! This naivety in slanting eyes, these sharp little ears, this joyfully wagging tail – the very perfection sits on your knees and kisses your ear.
Shibas are distinguished by good health, they are able to endure the hardships of the life of yard dogs and enjoy the comfort of a city apartment. They are unpretentious in food, they do not require any special diet, give them good quality food, and the dog is ready for a mile run or playing with a tennis ball in the backyard. These dogs are agile and jumpy like cats, which helps them avoid injury. Despite these qualities, the Shiba Inu has some hereditary defects, such as dislocation of the knee joint. This causes the patella to loosen and usually does not cause much harm to the dog. An experienced veterinarian can determine if a dog has this disorder by palpation. Hip dysplasia, which sometimes occurs in Shiba Inu, is less severe than in large breed dogs. Mild dysplasia usually does not interfere with a dog’s normal life. Before breeding a Shiba, a breeder should make sure that the dog does not have hip dysplasia and hereditary eye diseases that occur in dogs of any breed. Some are so severe that they can lead to blindness. There are some other flaws in the Shiba Inu, but today none of them is of serious concern. Reputable breeders do their best to eliminate serious defects and can ensure that the dog does not suffer from hereditary diseases for the first few years of life..
Shiba Inu food. What the dog eats?
Before you bring your puppy home, you need to gain strength to communicate with him. A few packs of muesli, a kilo of oranges (you need vitamins too) and a couple of sandwiches will give you enough energy to cope with a fidgety baby.
If the Shiba Inu does not refuse to share a meal with you, it is better to buy the highest quality food for him, containing about 30% protein and 15-18% fat..
When feeding your puppy, forget about human food standards. At 2 months old, the Shiba Inu eats 1/3 cup of dog food three times a day. The food can be soaked or, if the dog is not overly voracious, given dry all the time. If you feed your dog three times a day, increase the portions as the puppy grows, as the appetite increases. At the age of about 8 months, you can transfer the dog to two meals a day. You can do this earlier if you see that food for the dog is not an end in itself. A healthy puppy is never too fat or too thin. The ribs, spine, and pelvic bones should be felt, but not bulging. An adult Shiba Inu will eat a glass and a half of dry food daily, depending on its size and physical activity..
How to train your puppy to carry?
All puppies should be accustomed to the enclosure and carrier. This is the best way to teach your puppy to be clean and the safest place for him at night or when he is left unattended..
However, keeping the dog in a confined space day and night is not worth it, even if it is given enough physical activity. Like you, sometimes the Shiba will want to get out of bed, stretch out and dive back in. While the puppy is small, make an aviary for him in the kitchen, garage or any room, lay a piece of inexpensive linoleum in it measuring 2×2 m.This will be the ideal place for the puppy while you are at work. There he will be able to move freely and play, while remaining safe.
Later, when the puppy is older, he can be allowed to run freely around the house or garden. Shiba Inu feels great both indoors and in the yard, as his fur coat protects equally well from heat and cold. The dog should have shelter from the sun in summer and from the wind in winter. Shiba can tolerate a fairly large temperature difference. If you do not plan to constantly keep the dog on a leash, then you definitely need a fenced yard. No amount of training will keep your little hunter from chasing a neighbor’s cat and, moreover, at the most inappropriate time for this. This applies to any dog. Also, dogs like to dig tunnels, and some climb well. Watch carefully to see if the dog has found a route for a successful escape. While you are not at home, the Shiba Inu may well find itself a loophole..
Veterinarian visit and vaccinations.
Since Shiba Inu are strong, healthy dogs, they are rare visitors to the veterinarian. Basically, they come to get a routine vaccination or brush their teeth. Before purchasing a puppy, it should be shown to the veterinarian. Many breeders even insist on this, as it is a guarantee of the puppy’s good health. The veterinarian should examine the puppy, listen to its heart, and test the stool for parasites. The breeder must give the puppy at least one vaccination prior to sale. On your first vet visit, you should take your puppy’s vaccination schedule.
Before your Shiba Inu puppy has any contact with other dogs, he must receive all the necessary vaccinations.
These include vaccines for distemper, hepatitis, kennel cough, parvovirus and coronavirus. The first round of vaccinations is usually not vaccinated against leptospirosis. This vaccine is poorly tolerated when given along with the coronavirus vaccine..
Since puppies are more susceptible to coronavirus than leptospirosis, many breeders and veterinarians prefer to wait until the puppy is 3-4 months old to get it vaccinated against leptospirosis. Some puppies may have an anaphylactic reaction to the second injection, even if the vaccine does not contain leptospirosis. This is the same allergic reaction that some people get from a bee sting. Your dog should be injected with epinephrine immediately, so your veterinarian should be warned of a possible reaction to the vaccine. Within 15-20 minutes after vaccination, you need to wait in the veterinary clinic to make sure that everything is in order with the dog. Rabies vaccination is given at 4 months. This is the only vaccination required by law..
Socialization of the Shuba Inu at an early age.
Walking with your pet along the city streets or in the park next door, you will become the object of attention of passers-by. If you are a young guy, then it will be very easy for you to meet a girl, but it will not be easy for your puppy to withstand the general interest in him. If your puppy has not been fully vaccinated against parvovirus, you should not take him where other dogs are often. Many people solve this problem by visiting others and friends with the dog and inviting people to their place. Some Shiba Inu are afraid of strangers, while others, on the contrary, behave aggressively. From an early age, it is necessary to accustom the puppy to the fact that there will be different people around.
It has been proven from experience that if you are not flexible in nature, it will be difficult for you to adapt to coexistence with the Shiba Inu. Dogs of this breed want the owner to come up at the first call, bring food if the dog is hungry, vacate their favorite chair so that they can take a nap after dinner and talk only about them, loved ones. The owners also do not mind that the dog obeyed their commands (more precisely, polite requests), so sometimes there are light confrontations, but the owner must always control the situation.
Keeping the house clean is a natural requirement of the Shiba Inu, so there is no problem with that. If the puppy is taken out for a walk immediately after sleeping or eating, then he will never wear it in the house, and especially in his aviary. A 5-week-old puppy can tolerate if he wants big, but not small. He will ask to go out or put on bedding in his aviary. Once the puppy understands where his “toilet” is, he will try to go only to that place. The easiest way is for those who have an exit from the house directly to the backyard.
It is not so easy to accustom a Shiba Inu to a leash as it is to cleanliness; it is less natural for him, since it limits his freedom. It is best to wear a comfortable collar on your puppy so that the puppy can wear it for several days. Then buckle on the leash and let it lead you out for a walk. Go with him wherever he wants. After a while, try to convince him to follow you. He will pull you the other way and whine, but that’s okay. Praise him more, and soon he will walk with you. Never leave your dog unattended in a collar and never tie it up. The dog can suffocate, for example, catching on a bush. Some Shiba Inu will protest the leash and collar all their lives – they will shake their head as if their ear hurts. In fact, the problem with the ear is resolved as soon as the leash is removed from the dog, and arises with renewed vigor when it is time for the dog to enter the ring.
The hot temperament of the Shiba Inu manifests itself at an early age. Even as puppies, they manage to arrange noisy playful fights, competing for the championship. With humans they are just cute, and with other dogs, especially with other Shiba Inu, they are temperamental hot fighters. This personality trait can manifest differently in different puppies, so each case should be discussed with the breeder. Some puppies are very playful and not cocky, others are more serious. Everyone loves to play with familiar dogs.
Just as hundreds of books have been written on parenting, there are hundreds of theories on how to raise dogs with different personalities. Those trainers who have never dealt with Shiba Inu can only aggravate the existing problems. Shiba Inu work well for reward. They easily learn to sit, lie down, give voice, serve and somersault. The dog masters the course of obedience without difficulty, but it is extremely rare for those Shiba Inu who in any situation to obey commands without question. There are, however, a few specimens that fit when they are called, giving up even chasing a cat, but this is an exception to the rule, which is achieved by a combination of an extremely responsible character and tireless training. Most likely, the average Shiba Inu, having an average owner, will not be behave this way. Most dogs will not move several kilometers from the house, but they will definitely want to explore in detail every nook and cranny and burrow in a radius that seems too large to its owner. Do not assume that your dog is incapable of training, it is not. Shiba Inu are very fond of doing agility, as it meets their natural abilities. They are very intelligent and love to do things that challenge their mind and body. Teaching your dog what comes naturally to them will make both of you happy to train..
Shiba Inu and children.
A responsible shiba owner will definitely ask himself the question, which child would his beloved dog like. Most likely, it would be a child with a good, even character, kind and easy to learn. An overly energetic and rebellious child would be better suited to a larger, more relaxed breed. Sociable kids need animals made of plastic or even concrete. All dogs, especially puppies, accept small children as equals. The puppies will play with the baby just like with another puppy. Responsibility for the puppy-child relationship falls on the parents. Most obedient children over the age of 6 should get along with the little Shiba Inu. People who know how to handle dogs will quickly be able to teach a puppy to coexist with a child. And those who do not have such experience should visit the house where Shiba Inu live..
Don’t rush to buy a Shiba Inu after falling in love with it at an exhibition. First go to the house where this dog lives, see how it behaves with children.
Listen to your intuition. When adults come to the house where the Shiba Inu puppies live, they usually sit and wait for the puppies to approach them. Children tend to chase puppies. Shiba are not liked if they are constantly harassed. A well socialized puppy will tolerate this attitude for a while, but then become irritated. Therefore, it is necessary to explain to the child that he must sit and wait for the puppy to approach him himself. It can be difficult to explain to a child who is used to running out of the house that you need to quickly close the door behind you so that the puppy does not jump out. It is even more difficult to explain it to your child’s friends..
Castration and sterilization.
For many people, the desire to castrate their dog has something to do with their own sexuality. Perhaps because the Shiba Inu male can be compared in sexuality to Antonio Banderos or Richard Gere. Many people prefer to keep a bitch as a pet, as they are softer in character and do not have the habit of constantly marking territory. Removing the ovaries does not greatly affect the character of a dog, just as removing a woman’s uterus weakly changes its character. On the other hand, neutering a male dog greatly influences the character of the dog, just as this procedure has a huge impact on the male. Neutering a puppy under 6 months of age will help avoid territory markings and other “adult stuff”. Bitches should have their ovaries removed at about 5 months of age, before their first heat begins. At this age, the operation is easier, and after a few days you will not remember that the dog had the operation.
Sometimes the testicles in males descend into the scrotum only when the dog is 8 months of age or older. It rarely happens that they do not go down at all, and if the veterinarian can find them, then he can lead to castration. Do not put off this case.
Shiba Inu fur coat
Shiba are molting. And you would start shedding if you walked around in a winter coat in the summer. All dogs that have winter and summer coats shed. Breeds that have one coat for all occasions and that never shed, such as poodles and terriers, need constant grooming and combing. You have a choice – scissors, brush or vacuum cleaner. Shiba Inu can live life without getting to know the comb, brush and bath, and will feel quite happy at the same time. Shiba Inu’s fur is almost odorless, unless, of course, the dog is lying around in something very smelly. Show dogs are usually bathed once a week, and the owners wash their pets as they wish. Both dogs feel quite normal..
Source: Zoo club
Siba Inu Size Breed Standards
Country of origin: Japan.
General form: shiba inu – strong, hardy, lively and alert dog, has a balanced and independent character. Affectionate and playful, devoted to the owner.
Height and weight: height at withers in males 38.5-41.5 cm, bitches 35.5-38.5 cm.Weight males 9-14 kg, bitches 8-13 kg.
Coat: the coat is short, stiff, straight, longer on the tail, the undercoat is soft, dense.
Color: red – zone, which is called sesame (the so-called sesame), black with silver or tan marks. The zone color is characterized by the presence of black ends of the hair (the proportion of the black area on the hair should not exceed 50%). In general, the following types of sesame (sesame) color are distinguished: sesame – a mixture of black and white hair; black sesame – the predominance of black over white; red sesame – red color with black hair ends. There are also light sandy and almost white colors, which are undesirable. Preference is given to an elegant bright red color, as rich as possible. Red and sounder dogs value a peculiar pattern, which the Japanese call “urazhiro”. With this color, the cheekbones, throat, lower neck, chest and abdomen, as well as the inner surface of the limbs and the bottom of the tail of the Shiba Inu are painted in a lighter, almost white color.
Head: with a wide skull, with well-defined cheekbones. The transition to the muzzle is clearly defined, with a slight longitudinal furrow. The muzzle of the Shiba Inu is somewhat pointed, with a straight back of the nose, the color of the nose is preferably black. Lips are tight.
Ears: small, triangular. Standing, ends pointing up and slightly tilted forward.
Eyes: relatively small, triangular in shape, slightly slanted, preferably dark brown.
Neck: muscular, strong, in proportion to the head and torso.
Teeth: strong, scissor bite.
Housing: the case is slightly elongated. The neck is tight. The chest is deep. Ribs moderately prominent. The back is straight. The loin is broad and muscular. The belly is tucked up. The limbs are well muscled, with strong bones. Feet are compact and well arched. The tail is set high.
Chest: deep, moderately prominent ribs
Tail: set high. The Shiba Inu dog holds him coiled or curved in the shape of a sickle. Covered in thick wool.
Extremities (front and back): front with moderately sloping shoulder blades, elbows tightly pressed to the body; straight when viewed from the front. Hind legs with long thighs and short legs. The hocks are massive. The articulation angles are moderately pronounced. Feet with tightly knitted toes. The pads are strong and resilient. Strong nails, preferably dark in color.
Attractive features: shiba inu strong, hardy dog, has a balanced character. Good watchman. The dog is modest in food and is content with little food. Particularly suitable for children. Shiba Inu is very fond of nature walks. You also have to play with her. These dogs do not need bows and costumes, they are replaced by a beautiful proud look and luxurious coat.
Shiba inu dog price
You need to understand the price of the Shiba Inu breed, which bites quite noticeably. A lot depends on the pedigree of the parents, the nursery and the breeding place. For example, the price in Moscow can reach 140-150 thousand rubles. And in the same Novosibirsk, you can find a puppy already for democratic 50 thousand. But it is better to remember that a miser pays twice, and take a good and well-balanced puppy in the kennel, with good reviews and a history of breeding!
Shiba Inu – owner reviews
Most owners speak with love about their pets. It is not surprising because these little foxes are able to conquer the seemingly most callous heart. But at the same time, it is worth noting that the owners unanimously say – the dog needs to walk a lot, otherwise it can put “its” order in your apartment.
Siba’s advantage was her appearance from the very beginning 🙂 like a fox, a small strong samurai with slanted Japanese eyes!
The dog got along well with the cat and the cat, and later reacted with great love to the appearance of the baby in our house!
Not very picky about food. We feed dry food, cottage cheese, carrots)
Shibinu sheds twice a year. If desired, all excess wool is perfectly cut out in one day!
They love to walk, of course … But for an adult dog, two walks a day are enough! Sib almost no one lets go without a leash because of the love of escapes: ((
Well, and VERY wayward character distinguishes these persons :)) for which, in principle, we love most of all) “