The content of the article:
- 1. History of the breed (Origin)
- 2. Shih Tzu character
- 3. Description of the Shih Tzu breed
- 4. Shih Tzu care and training
- 5. Possible diseases
- 6. What to feed the Shih Tzu?
- 7. Shih Tzu – Pros and Cons
- 8. We wash properly: regime and preparation
- 9. Bathing technology
- 10. Drying and combing
- 11. Approximate Shih Tzu price and list of nurseries
- 12. Shih Tzu Photos
- 13. Video
History of the breed (Origin)
The breed has a long and difficult history. The Shih Tzu originate from Tibet, but the formation and development of the breed took place in China, where the Shih Tzu lived in imperial palaces. According to legends, the Shih Tzu accompanied the Buddha on his wanderings, sometimes turning into a lion so that the Buddha could rest, traveling on the back of a powerful beast. The first name of the breed is a lion dog, and in Chinese “Shih Tzu” means “lion”.
According to one version, the ancestors of the breed were the Lhasa Apso and Pekingese, according to the other, the Shih Tzu descended from Tibetan terriers. The Shih Tzu came to Europe in the 30s of the XX century, and quickly gained popularity. The first club of breed lovers was created in 1933, and the first standard was approved in 1948.
Shih Tzu character
Shih Tzu are absolute extroverts, fun, mischievous, loving and trusting.
They are cute, gentle tame dogs and great companions.
Little optimists love to play and lie around. They are attached to the family and get along well with children who are careful with them.
Due to their lively temperament, they are good companions not only for humans, but also for other animals. Shih Tzu tend to find common ground with everyone.
Since the Shih Tzu are dogs with dignity, sometimes they can seem proud.
Shih Tzu need a lot of attention and love to be at the center of it. These dogs can sit on their arms for hours, bask and cuddle. You should not get such a dog for people who spend little time at home and cannot pay enough attention to their pet..
Description of the Shih Tzu breed
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Silky long hair, spectacular hairstyle on the head, fastened with a hairpin, perky tucked tail over the back, variety of colors, attentive look of dark eyes, sincere love for the owner. A muzzle that looks like a chrysanthemum flower, a proudly set head, regal posture, independent and even slightly arrogant behavior. All these qualities are miraculously combined in a small, harmoniously folded Shih Tzu body. For a long time, only the imperial family of China had the right to own these dogs.
The current breed standard was approved in February 2011. Shih Tzu are strong built, luxuriously “dressed” dogs, active, attentive and intelligent. Shih Tzu of small stature, should not be higher than 27 cm. Shih Tzu weigh from 4.5 kg to 8.1 kg, the ideal weight is 4.5-7.5 kg. Dogs move smoothly and slightly arrogantly.
The head of the Shih Tzu is round, wide, the distance between the ears is large. The shape of the head because of the decorating wool resembles a shock, the Shih Tzu has a long mustache and beard. On the back of the nose, wool grows upward, so the Shih Tzu face is often compared to a chrysanthemum. Decorating coat should not interfere with the dog’s vision. The transition from the forehead to the nose is well pronounced. The muzzle is wide, short and square. Should not have wrinkles.
The ears are pendant, rather large and long. Set slightly below the crown. The ears are covered with an abundant decorating coat, merging with the coat on the neck. The eyes are round, large, but not protruding, with a warm expression. Set wide apart. The color of the eyes is dark, the whites are not visible. For dogs with brown spots or browns, a lighter eye color is acceptable. The Shih Tzu’s nose is straight or slightly sloping. The nose is black. In dogs with brown spots or brown ones, the nose is dark brown. The tip of the lobe is just below or at the level of the lower edge of the eyes. The nostrils are wide open. A straight bite, a slight undershot is allowed. The jaws are wide, the lips are not pendulous.
The body is strong, the distance between the base of the tail and the withers is greater than the height of the dog at the withers. The neck is beautifully arched, the head is held proudly. The chest is deep and wide. Drops low between the elbows. The back of the Shih Tzu breed is straight. The front legs of the Shih Tzu are straight, short, muscular. Feet are strong, round, covered with abundant hair. The hind legs of the Shih Tzu are muscular and short, straight. The thighs are rounded. Feet are strong, well-padded, rounded.
The tail is set high, approximately at the level of the skull, the dog looks balanced. The hair on the tail is abundant, the dog carries the tail thrown over its back.
The Shih Tzu has two layers of wool. The cover hair is dense and long, not curly, only a light wave is permissible. The undercoat is moderate, not fluffy. The coat should not interfere with the dog’s movement and vision. The color can be any, for variegated colors a white blaze on the head and a white tip of the tail are desirable.
Shih Tzu care and training
Continuous brushing will prevent tangling of the coat. The Shih Tzu is usually bathed once a week. Hairpins, bows and elastic bands can be used to remove hair from the eyes and face of the Shih Tzu.
Some owners choose to cut their dogs to make grooming easier. It is necessary to regularly cut the claws and clean the ears of the Shih Tzu. Shih Tzu eyes are very sensitive, it is important that they are always clean.
Shih Tzu, like other lap dogs, do not need much physical exertion. Short walks in the street keep the Shih Tzu in good physical shape. Shih Tzu love to play, so the necessary activity can be satisfied in games.
Shih Tzu should not demonstrate working qualities, but they simply must know the rules of good manners in the dog world. Even a small dog, not having received education, can become a source of chaos and unnecessary noise. And for dogs, which will have a show career, it is extremely important to be able to behave correctly in the ring. The basic rules in training these quick-witted dogs are training in the form of a game, dosing the load (so that the puppy does not get tired) and using reward as the main method of education..
The breed has good health, strong immunity and a long life span. Sometimes even 15 years for a Shih Tzu is not an age. These small dogs tolerate heat well, and in winter they do not need to be dressed in overalls to walk. The general guidelines are simple: if you notice that your dog is behaving differently, see your veterinarian. Keep an eye on the Shih Tzu when they drink the water. Due to the location of their nose, water can block breathing.
Shih Tzu dogs are prone to the following diseases:
- Urolithiasis disease
- Ulceration of the cornea of the eye
- Intervertebral disc disease
- Tracheal collapse
- Kidney disease (insufficient kidney development)
- Chronic valvular heart disease
- Ventricular septal defect
- Perianal adenoma
- Entropion (turn of the century)
- Distichiasis (additional eyelashes).
What to feed the Shih Tzu?
These small dogs are not picky about food, general recommendations for dog nutrition will suit you. The main thing is to remember that your dog is small in size, and not to overfeed the dog to prevent obesity.
It is not so important what type of food you choose: prepare the treat yourself or buy industrially made food, the main thing is that the food contains all the trace elements and vitamins necessary for the health of the dog. As for a beautiful coat, skin and claws, they need: calcium, phosphorus, zinc, cereal vitamins B (Bi, Bis, Br, B and others), vitamins A, D, E and certainly biotin. Biotin is included in the list of mandatory elements for dogs participating in exhibitions, nursing mothers and all long-haired breeds without exception. All dogs also need biotin during molting. Dietary supplements from natural algae provide the coat with bright color and shine. Most manufacturers today use these additives in their products.
Savings in formulating a healthy dog diet are not appropriate. The fact is that the production of dietary supplements requires considerable funds, which, naturally, affect the final price of the product. This is why very cheap food is not the best option for your pet. It may not be hazardous to health, but it certainly will not be useful at all..
Shih Tzu – Pros and Cons
Affectionate, affectionate, friendly and active dogs with a spectacular appearance, excellent companions – the list of Shih Tzu merits is impressive. If you are not fond of daily walks, Shih Tzus can easily learn to use the litter box. Keep in mind, however, that a dog’s coat will look great only with careful and regular grooming. Also Shih Tzu cannot stand lack of attention. Think about whether you will have enough time to communicate with your pet, to do grooming, to wrap the hair in papillotes, if necessary, to comb the Shih Tzu and carefully disassemble the mats.
Caring for a Shih Tzu takes time and effort, but the result is worth it – luxurious flowing wool, fixed with a beautiful top-knot hairpin (“tuft”) on the head, proud posture and smooth movements of your pet, as if dressed in a royal robe, catch the eye. The wool of the Shih Tzu breed that came to us from China is the main property of these dogs. It flows and shimmers in the light, and to the touch it is soft and delicate, like high-quality Chinese silk. Of course, such royal wealth requires royal care..
We wash properly: regime and preparation
First. Observe the regime. Long-haired pets should be washed at least once every 7-10 days. If your pet has a haircut, bathe him once every 2-3 weeks. When bathing, make sure that the skin is thoroughly rinsed: after it is free of dead cells and begins to breathe better, the coat will grow better.
Second. You need to wash your dog correctly. What does it mean? Talk to a professional about the right wash for your dog. You need to choose cosmetics in accordance with the type of coat: if it is too soft, in addition to shampoo, you need a balm with protein, ceramides and herbal extracts that increase volume. For dry and brittle wool, protein-containing products with vegetable or animal fats (wheat germ, mink, etc.) are needed. Some representatives of the Shih Tzu breed have a slightly curly coat. Such dogs need conditioners, which make the coat heavier, thereby straightening it..
Try to follow the bathing technique. If you find matted hair, treat it with special detangling sprays. Professional cosmetics Pet Silk has proven itself well. Almost all products of this brand are concentrates and must be diluted with water before use. There are also good products for Shih Tzu wool from Grown Royal, Baldecci and others. Dilute the correct amount of product for your dog in a basin and whip up the lather. Then you need to moisten the pet’s fur and apply the resulting foam to it. Massage into well-soaped skin and then wash off. This procedure must be repeated twice. If the coat is well washed, you can tell by the characteristic squeak it makes when you run your fingers over it. Water flows down from the washed fur like dewdrops.
After washing, rinse. The procedure is similar. Dilute the required amount of conditioner in a basin, apply it to the coat and rinse after a 5-minute massage. Pay special attention to the quality of flushing: the flowing water should become completely transparent. After that, you can lightly blot the coat with a towel and let the dog dust off.
Drying and combing
While the wool is wet, you can comb it (but experts do not recommend combing dirty wool), starting from the ends and gradually rising to the roots. All combs that you use to groom your pet should belong only to him: do not lend them to anyone and do not take other people’s tools yourself. Combs are home to a variety of bacteria and parasites that your pet can infect.
The final stage of water procedures is wiping and, if necessary, drying with a hairdryer. If you use a hair dryer, make sure that the jet of air is not too hot and does not get on the dog’s face and ears. Do not overdry the coat, it will become weakened and brittle. The final shine of the coat will be given by an antistatic spray for grooming (such as available, for example, in the Grown Royal range) or a fixative with silk particles from Pet Silk.
Approximate Shih Tzu price and list of nurseries
Several factors affect the cost of a Shih Tzu puppy. First of all, this is the presence or absence of documents for the puppy, i.e. puppy card, or, it is also called a metric. This document is not available for puppies in the economy price category. But this document must be provided to the buyer by the seller, if the puppy is sold as a show or breed class. The price of puppies sold without a puppy card and belonging to the category “economy” ranges from 5 thousand rubles to 12 thousand rubles. When purchasing such puppies, buyers should clearly understand that they have no prospects in obtaining good offspring, and therefore the opportunity to profitably sell puppies. You also need to understand that not a single dog breeding club will accept you. And it’s not even worth talking about the possibility of participating in dog shows.
Cheap Shih Tzu puppies, often even without a veterinary passport, can be bought in the markets or from the hands of train stations, stations, or places of public recreation. The following should be taken into account here: be sure to bring the puppy to the veterinarian for examination. This will help you determine if the puppy is sick with something and take measures to treat it, as well as, if it is sick, clarify the level of danger for people in the house, and in general, the ability to keep the puppy in a living room next to people.
If one of the puppy’s parents is brought from abroad, i.e. imported, and / or has the title of MultiChampion or Champion of some country (not Russia), then the price of such a Shih Tzu puppy starts from 35-40 thousand rubles. and can reach 120-150 thousand rubles. This is already the premium price category. The presence of vaccinations, brands and documents (a puppy card or even a pedigree) is implied by itself. As a rule, such puppies are sold from among the few kennels representing Russia at international dog shows such as European or World Championships. Puppies from these nurseries are always very successfully exhibited at dog shows, including international ones, and the offspring are very well sold not only in Russia, but also abroad..
It is not very common to find an offer of a Shih Tzu puppy at a price of 60-70 thousand rubles. These Shih Tzu puppies are in the luxury price category. They are uniquely positioned as Show-class dogs. There are very few such especially high-quality high-breed puppies with clear impeccable prospects in the show career and in breeding in Russia, literally a few. As a rule, such puppies are acquired by professionals, or people who are very well versed in the breed, who understand that the funds invested in such a Shih Tzu puppy will pay off in full and bring the owner not only moral, but also material satisfaction.
If you want to be sure that you are getting a healthy puppy, try to do it in a professional, officially registered kennel. Moreover, every self-respecting kennel does not leave buyers of their puppies to their fate, but supports and helps them both in word and deed. The buyer can consult with the puppy’s breeder (i.e. in the kennel) on any issues of keeping the puppy and caring for him, get practical help in raising and training the puppy.
Shih Tzu Nurseries:
1) Chesvet Line, Balashikha //chesvet-line.ru/
2) Grand State’s Moscow //grand-stats.ru/
3) Kindley Glans Moscow //kg-shitzu.ru/
4) Ragsol Moscow //www.soldatowa.narod.ru/
Shih Tzu Photos
List of sources
Materials for the article were taken from the following sites: