Chihuahuas are long-haired and smooth-haired. The sleek-haired Chihuahuas are believed to have appeared first. Long-haired Chihuahuas were bred in the early 20th century by crossing the smooth-haired type with long-haired ones such as the Papillon and Pomeranian.
The content of the article:
- 1. History of the origin of the breed
- 2. Description of the breed
- 3. Chihuahua character
- 4. Small Chihuahua dog and other pets
- 5. Chihuahua care
- 6. What do Chihuahuas eat?
- 7. Chihuahua training
- 8. Chihuahua Health
- 9. How much does a Chihuahua dog cost
- 10. Chihuahua dog names
- 11. Chihuahua Pictures
- 12. Video
History of the origin of the breed
The stories about the origin of the Chihuahua are extremely contradictory – according to one theory, the smallest breed of Chihuahua dogs was presented to the world by the ancient land of the Aztecs, according to the other, the origin of the breed is associated with the development of the ancient Indian tribes of the Toltecs and the Mayan civilization, according to the third, the birthplace of the Chihuahua is Egypt, and related theories are also considered with China, Japan, the island of Malta and even the space origin of the Chihuahua.
One way or another, the history of the Chihuahua goes back to ancient times. It is believed that dogs similar to Chihuahuas appeared around the third millennium BC in the territory of modern Mexico. This is confirmed by numerous clay figurines and wall paintings of Chihuahuas found by archaeologists in Mexican temples, Chihuahua drawings on ancient vessels recovered from tombs. During excavations of ancient burials, small dog skeletons were found, with a characteristic fontanel on the skull, on which were collars with precious stones.
The name of the breed comes from the province of the same name in northern Mexico, where modern Chihuahuas were first discovered. Sometimes this breed is called shi-wa-wa (English pronunciation of the word Chihuahua), but the generally accepted one is Chihuahua.
The ancient purpose of the Chihuahua for humans is also contradictory, according to one legend, the Chihuahua, like other small dogs, was fattened for food, according to the other, the Chihuahua was a sacred animal, for several centuries the Chihuahua baby was a kind of talisman of rich people.
Silver-blue Chihuahuas were bred by the priests of the Aztecs, Chihuahuas of such a rare color were considered sacred animals: not a single person, even the richest and noblest, had the right to approach the sacred blue dog. The silver-blue Chihuahua was the guardian of the Blue Stone of the Indians.
Be that as it may, the status of an independent Chihuahua breed is due to the United States. The first American club was formed in 1923, in 1949 the Chihuahua club was formed in England. Since then, Chihuahuas have found truly wild popularity in Europe. In 1884, at the dog show in Philadelphia, the Chihuahua was first presented, in 1904 it was entered in the Chihuahua breeding register named Midget. In 1954, the Anglo-American Chihuahua breed standard was adopted. Since 1956, the breed began to distinguish between two independent varieties of Chihuahuas: long-haired and short-haired.
Now the Chihuahua can be found in almost all countries of the world, but it is most loved in Latin America, the USA, Canada and England. Chihuahuas are considered their national breed by Mexicans.
In the sixties of the last century, Chihuahuas appeared in Moscow, in 1996 the first Moscow National Chihuahua Club (Chihuahueno) was formed.
At present, in connection with the emerging possibilities of importing dogs to Moscow from abroad, breed enthusiasts have brought quite a large number of new dogs, both long-haired and smooth-haired, from the Czech Republic, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Germany, France, Holland, Italy, Austria, as well as Mexico, USA, England.
Description of the breed
Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed. Perhaps, it is also the only “natural” breed of toy dogs, for which breeding with a tendency to minimize parameters is not provided. The Chihuahua has a soft coat with various colors: white, fawn, black-brown, etc. There is a smooth, or short-haired, variety, and there is also a long-haired one. Varieties are distinguished by the length of hair on the ears, chest, abdomen, legs, and tail.
Today, the breed standard approved in 2004 is in force. Height is not fixed by the standard, the main criterion is the weight of the dog. The ideal weight is between 1.5 kg and 3 kg. Let’s say a weight of 0.5 kg to 1.5 kg, but a weight of more than 3 kg is a reason for disqualification.
- The head is apple-shaped, well rounded, with flat cheeks, and the muzzle is straight and short. The forehead is very steep. The presence of a fontanel is allowed, but its absence is more preferable.
- The ears are well set, erect and large. They are wide at the base, tapering to the rounded tip. At rest, tilted towards the temples (angle approximately 45⁰).
- The eyes are very expressive, almost round, but not protruding, dark. Light colors are acceptable but not desirable. The Chihuahua’s nose is relatively short, somewhat upturned. Lobe color – any.
- The bite in dogs can be scissor or straight, the cheekbones are only slightly pronounced. Overshot and undershot are serious faults.
- The Chihuahua’s body is compact, well built. The square format of the dog is preferred. For bitches a more extended format is acceptable than for males. The top line is straight, the bottom line indicates a tucked up belly. A loose belly is acceptable, but this is undesirable.
- The chest is voluminous, deep and wide, the bottom point goes down to the elbows, the ribs are round. Chihuahua’s back is strong, short.
- The front legs of the Chihuahua are quite long, straight when viewed from the front and side. Feet are oval, very small, toes are spread, but not loose. The nails are convex, of moderate length. Elastic pads, developed.
- The hind limbs are distinguished by well-developed muscles. The long bones are parallel to each other, the angles of the joints are in harmony with the angles of the forelimbs. Paws are small, neither feline nor hare, with spread fingers. Well-developed pads are flexible. The nails are convex. Dewclaws are removed unless prohibited by country law.
- Chihuahua’s tail is distinguished by a high set and medium length. The tail is wide at the base, tapering to the tip. When moving, the tail should be in a high bend, or folded into a semicircle (the tip is directed to the lower back). Inadmissible position of the tail between the hind legs, or below the line of the back. If the dog is long-haired, then on the tail there should be a restroom of hair, forming a “sultan”.
- Chihuahua wool is of two types, according to which there are two varieties of the breed.
- The smooth-haired Chihuahua has short, close-fitting hair that is longer than the undercoat. On the face and ears the hair is short, on the tail and neck it is longer. Not very thick coat on the belly and neck is acceptable, bald patches and completely hairless dogs are not allowed.
- The long-haired Chihuahua has a silky, fine coat that is slightly wavy or smooth. On the tail and paws, on the inner surface of the hind and fore legs, on the neck and ears – feathering. Excessive density of the undercoat is undesirable, shaggy long hair is unacceptable.
Chihuahuas are fast moving, graceful and active dogs. Alert and observant, they display many of the qualities inherent in terriers. Individuals of this breed are suitable for existence in a metropolis and a city apartment and always show loyalty to their owners, to whom they are ready to rush to help at any time. They love toys and are curious..
Smooth-haired individuals need minimal care, long-haired individuals require more attention. These dogs are characterized by a companionable character; they don’t need to be overly trained. The small size allows them to use the toilet like cats, you just need to accustom them to it. In addition, we note that dogs of this breed make excellent watchmen. In terms of life expectancy, they surpass all other breeds.
Chihuahuas are very lively, adorable and intelligent dogs. They are loyal to their owners and tend to choose one most beloved person from all family members. However, Chihuahuas not only give their love and attention, but also demand them in return. The curious and inventive nature of these dogs allows them to come up with various ways in order to get as much attention from their owners as possible.
These dogs are very suspicious of strangers and never lose sight of their owners. They say that Chihuahuas have terrier traits, they are very alert, attentive, brave and even daring.
These dogs are perfect companions for the elderly or people with disabilities. Never leaving their loved one alone, they are able to lie next to their owner for hours on end.
Sometimes Chihuahuas can be overly insecure and sensitive, which can lead to fear of separation. It is known that dogs of this breed can bark for a long time and a lot if left alone for a long time. It is better not to have a dog of this breed if you are often away from home and cannot devote enough time to your pet.
Chihuahuas love to sunbathe. They also prefer to sleep under the covers.
Many generations of these miniature dogs live next to humans. They have learned to feel the mood of their master. If the dog understands that it is interfering, it will observe the owner from a distance until it is called. But, of course, this little creature is always happy when it is stroked, caressed and allowed to be around.
This curious dog just wants to stick its mangy nose where it shouldn’t. Her fun and activity turns everyone around her. She is brave. Love for games makes itself felt, probably, that is why she likes to mess with children, after all, who else loves games as much as they do. He also loves adults, but if they were also fascinated by the game, like children, they would probably love them to madness.
Chihuahua owners of more independent breeds of dogs may find it too affectionate. Small children can easily injure this little dog, and the Chihuahua can bite a child in self-defense, so the Chihuahua is better suited for families with older children..
Small Chihuahua dog and other pets
Sociable and affectionate Chihuahua is not averse to making acquaintance with another animal. Dogs of this breed prefer Chihuahua company to other dog breeds. So the Chihuahua’s best canine companion after humans is a different Chihuahua.
Chihuahua is a breed of dog that is not difficult to care for. The difference in grooming for short-haired and long-haired types is the time it takes to groom the coat. Use a pair of scissors to trim the hair between the pads of the long-haired dog’s toes to make the paws look graceful.
Brush your dog’s teeth regularly. Cut her claws every month. Use a nail clipper for small dogs. Bathe your dog only when necessary. Bathing too often can cause dandruff and loss of shine in the coat.
Be sure to clean your animal’s ears to prevent infection. Clean the Chihuahua’s eyes with a special solution once or twice a week. Since this breed has excessive tearing of the eyes, tear paths may remain on the fur near the eyes. Regular eye care will help reduce or remove marks.
Grooming smooth-haired Chihuahuas is straightforward and involves brushing the coat once or twice a week. They don’t need to be bathed as often as long-haired ones. Long-haired Chihuahuas should be brushed at least 3-4 times a week, and preferably every day.
Due to their size, these dogs only have to run from room to room to satisfy their movement needs, making them great lap dogs. However, this does not mean that Chihuahuas do not need short walks on a leash, and they also like to walk. Chihuahuas need to be protected from the cold. If you want to take your dog for a walk in winter, dress it up warmly.
What do Chihuahuas eat?
Chihuahuas are eaten a little: from 80 to 50 grams per kilogram of live weight for an adult dog per day. If you choose natural food, then remember that Chihuahua pork is contraindicated. Boil other meat (veal, chicken) before giving it to the dog, and then remove all bones and fragments. A baby like a Chihuahua can choke on even a small bone.
How much to feed a Chihuahua?
You need to feed the baby like any other adult dog 2 times a day after a walk.
When it comes to a puppy, it all depends on age:
- 3 to 6 weeks: about 6 times a day.
- From 3 to 6 months: 4 times a day.
- 6 to 12 months: 2-3 times a day.
What food is suitable for Chihuahua
These are the top 5 best foods according to experts:
- NOW Natural Fresh Small Breed Recipe – Canada Holistic Dry Food For Small Breed Dogs;
- Grandorf 4 Meat & Brown Rice – Belgium, holistic, hypoallergenic food for mini breeds;
- Almo Nature Holistic Adult Dog Small – Italy, super premium;
- Purina pro plan small & Mini Adult canine – USA, super premium;
- Bosch Mini Adult – Germany, super premium.
Amenable to training, balanced, sensitive, funny, cute, funny. The main thing for a Chihuahua is to learn how to behave correctly in the ring, to show oneself from the best side, because the breed is not provided with a test of working qualities. These dogs do not need much physical activity. Walk, play with a ball – that’s enough.
These little dogs suffer most from the cold. They cannot be walked at an air temperature lower than + 1 ° С. At temperatures from + 1 ° C to + 4 ° C, short walks are allowed. To keep your dog healthy, always dress it.
These dogs may have problems with the knee joints of the hind limbs. In addition, with age, they generally develop weakness in the knees. There are also fractures, dislocated jaws, rheumatism, visual disturbances, cardiovascular problems, problems with teeth and gums.
Chihuahuas have a tendency to form tartar, so check your teeth regularly and take your pet to the veterinarian if plaque needs to be removed.
The most common diseases in Chihuahuas are:
- Urolithiasis disease
- Dislocation of the patella
- Mitral valve dysplasia
- Pulmonary stenosis
- Hydrocephalus (dropsy of the brain)
- Hypoclemia. Low blood sugar.
- Undescended testicles
- Bone rheumatism
- Tooth and gum problems
- Progressive retinal atrophy
- Labor difficulties
Chihuahua is the only dog breed born with an underdeveloped skull. Usually it is fully formed by the age of 3-4 months. This fact is predisposing to a disease such as hydrocephalus..
How much does a Chihuahua dog cost
Usually, the watershed regarding the availability of documents occurs on the basis of professional / non-professional breeding. Without documents, what is called “off hand”, a Chihuahua can be bought in the region of $ 100, but it is far from a fact that the purchased animal will correspond to the breed and have good health and psyche.
In principle, you can find a normal Pet-class puppy for 600-700 dollars. And, of course, it is better to take from trusted nurseries or breeders.
Chihuahua dog names
There is a fashion for dog names, as well as names, which tend to change. So think hard about whether to call a dog the same as everyone else does?
Then the most popular nicknames for small dogs:
Materials for the article were taken from the following sites: