The Sholoitzcuintle or Xoloitzcuintle is a national treasure in Mexico. But there she is simply called Sholo. However, all options are correct, as is the Mexican Hairless Dog. The breed is recognized as the oldest, and according to some sources – the oldest in the world. This amazing dog owes its name to the ancient Aztecs..
The content of the article:
- 1. The emergence of the Mexican hairless dog breed
- 2. Xoloitzcuintle’s appearance and character
- 3. Xoloitzcuintle standard and characteristics
- 4. Maintenance and care
- 5. Pros and cons of the breed
- 6. The upbringing of the Xoloitzcuintle and her training
- 7. Health and disease susceptibility
- 8. Xoloitzcuintle approximate price
- 9. Mexican Hairless Dog Kennels
- 10. conclusions
- 11. Photos of Xoloitzcuintle
- 12. Video
The emergence of the Mexican hairless dog breed
The breed owes its name to the ancient Aztecs. It has two components – “Sholot” (identical to the name of the god of thunder and death, Sholotl) and “Itscuintli” (translated from the Nahuatl language as “dog”). It is not for nothing that the name contains the name of the god, since Xoloitzcuintli was considered the representative of the god Sholotl on earth. She also had her own mission – Sholo accompanied the souls of the dead to the afterlife. The ancient origin of the breed is evidenced by excavations that were carried out in Mexico. It was then that the mummies of these dogs and their clay images were found. A little later, the breed was described in detail.
In the second half of the 20th century, the breed was on the verge of extinction, although the threat hung over it much earlier, in the 16th century, when the conquistadors invaded the country. Sholo was an object of worship, which could not be regarded by the conquerors otherwise than as an element of paganism. But the breed was saved. In remote Indian villages, several individuals survived, which helped enthusiastic dog breeders revive this antiquity. And already in 1956 the breed was officially recognized in Mexico. The first registered dog was named Mi Tu.
Xoloitzcuintle’s appearance and character
Completely naked, delicate skin is the main feature of this breed. Although you can also find downy individuals, which is much less common. A small amount of wool is also acceptable. It is the lack of wool that causes the main features of the breed:
- Their skin is prone to sunburn, so light-colored dogs need protection from the sun;
- Xolo has a harmonious physique and a toned torso, long legs and tail, her chest is well developed.
Another feature of the breed is the unusual structure of the teeth: 4 teeth following the canines (premolars) are missing. Such a structure is not a defect, it is quite natural, since the gene responsible for the presence of wool is directly related to the gene that determines the presence of certain teeth. Some representatives of the breed lack not only premolars, but also canines.
This is a calm and intelligent dog, able to listen carefully to its owner. Aliens arouse her suspicion, so the protective qualities are quite obvious. In general, this is an excellent companion that will not disturb the privacy, but also will not leave you indifferent. Xolo has a calm but cheerful disposition. Her attachment to one person is strong, whom she considers her master. But this dog will not completely ignore other family members either.
Additional features: she does not bark, does not tolerate aggression and loneliness.
Xoloitzcuintle standard and characteristics
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Xoloitzcuintle are included in the subgroup “Spitz and Primitive Breeds” (according to the ICF classification). Three sizes are considered the norm:
- h / h 46 – 60, weight 9 – 14 – standard size;
- h / h 36 – 45, weight 6 – 10 – medium size;
- h / h 25 – 35, weight 4 – 8 – miniature size.
The length of the body in the Xoloitzcuintle is slightly greater than the height at the withers (ratio 10/9). Bitches are usually longer than males, they look more graceful and graceful.
The tail is thin, slightly rounded; there may be a small tassel at the end. The ears are erect. The forehead and scruff of some individuals may be covered with hair, but the length of the hairs does not exceed 2.5 cm.
The color is often solid: gray, black, bronze, golden. The presence of points is allowed.
The slightest defect will be regarded as non-compliance with the standard.
Maintenance and care
The lack of hair in a dog is not a sentence, but a dignity. Xoloitzcuintle is endowed with very good immunity, for which her ancestors should be thanked. Yes, the age of the breed gives it special advantages. But you should not completely rely on the return of the immune system, since modern conditions and breeding activities have left their mark. Speaking about caring for this dog, let’s highlight the main key points:
- skin care;
- exposure to cold;
- preventive vaccinations;
- basic care.
Since the Xoloitzcuintle does not have hair, the skin requires more attention. The usual hygiene procedures will differ slightly from the standards. Pet’s skin should be regularly lubricated with vegetable oil or moisturizer to prevent overdrying. The procedure is necessarily carried out after bathing, but in addition to this, it is regularly lubricated during the day (especially before a walk). What to use? It should be edible oil that eliminates the risk of poisoning. For example, almond. Sunflower oil is not good, after which sunburn strongly “sticks”. Sunscreen is recommended for walking..
Xoloitzcuintle and cold
The lack of hair does not make the Xoloitzcuintle unprotected. Over its centuries-old history, this breed has completely adapted to heat and cold. But much here depends on the owners of the dog. If the dog is overly accustomed to heat, its resistance will suffer and the dog will turn into a “greenhouse plant”. From birth, she has already been given the ability to withstand adverse external conditions. Under extreme conditions, it will not be superfluous to use clothes, but it is better to refuse this under normal conditions, even if the outside temperature is freezing. Make the dog move more, play with it, etc., the return will be maximum – it will not freeze and will feel very comfortable. At the same time, you will feel her gratitude for this approach..
Good immunity does not cancel prophylactic vaccinations. They must be done in a timely manner, observing the basic rules dictated by the doctor..
Xoloitzcuintle has only one difference from the generally accepted one, which is dictated by the partial absence of teeth: its menu should not contain large pieces of meat and bones, that is, something that is difficult to chew. For the rest, you need to feed Xolo traditionally – twice a day. The diet should be balanced: meat, cereals, vegetable fibers. If the dog is naturally fed, the diet will have to be compiled independently, using the recommendations. If you choose dry food or canned food, then focus on high quality food. The only addition (very important) will be bones from the veins, which help to strengthen the teeth, the moment in this case is important. Xolo also loves fruits and vegetables. Do not deny her this, but know when to stop.
It is recommended to wash Xoloitzcuintle only once a month to avoid drying out delicate skin. Of course, an exception will be the extraordinary situation when it is simply necessary to wash the dog. After washing, the skin is treated with oil. The rest of the manipulations are standard:
- ear cleaning;
You need to walk with Xointzcuintle as often as possible, this animal incredibly appreciates free space. But take into account the weather conditions: use a sunscreen in the bright sun and wear warm clothes in severe frost.
Pros and cons of the breed
Not a single breed on earth consists only of advantages, every dog has disadvantages. It is difficult to list all the good qualities, as well as the disadvantages, since the description is always carried out in general terms, and each individual is unique in its own way. Nevertheless, let’s name them in general terms.
- Xoloitzcuintle is devoid of wool, therefore, its presence in the house does not cause allergies;
- a dog that is able to respond with gratitude to its owner unconditionally;
- tenacious mind, attentiveness;
- Xoloitzcuintle lends itself well to training;
- the breed is not aggressive.
- Xoloitzcuintle does not like to bark, but likes to howl sometimes, which may not please everyone;
- the dog’s mind provides her with stubbornness, which will have to be overcome;
- the skin of this dog requires special care, not everyone is ready for such tests.
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The upbringing of the Xoloitzcuintle and her training
Raising Xolo is an extremely important moment. Precisely because this dog is smart, stubbornness is peculiar to it. You will immediately feel about its “presence”, so you shouldn’t put off raising it “on the back burner”, it can turn into a rather aggressive individual. That is, the first thing a puppy needs is a steady hand. But it was firm, not cruel. To educate Xoloitzcuintle will have to “carrot and stick”, like a normal strong dog.
Another point: Xolo does not like being alone. If you don’t have enough free time to practice with her, get another pet that can brighten up your friend’s sad moments.
Education should be logical, delicate and consistent. The use of “snacks” is encouraged. If at the initial stage everything is done correctly, then only a glance will be enough.
The next point is early socialization, which the Xoloitzcuintles absolutely need. Introduce your pet to guests, walk with it in crowded parks, on dog grounds, thus encouraging full communication.
Xolo training is real creativity. Since dogs love companionship, such activities bring them real pleasure. It is unacceptable to punish the dog physically. Even a single case can lead to the fact that she will never again execute your commands.
Professional help in training will be completely useful, so you will achieve a good result in a short time. Training incentives are essential.
Health and disease susceptibility
In general, these dogs are endowed with good health and easily adapt in any climatic zone, but thanks to artificial intervention at a certain period in history, they have become more vulnerable. Several such points can be noted:
- teeth that are prone to loss;
- allergy, expressed in characteristic rashes;
- vulnerability of the skin, suffering from excessive cold or sunlight (up to the appearance of burns), dermatitis;
- weakness of cartilage.
Tips for choosing a puppy
Choosing a Xoloitzcuintle puppy is not an easy question. The breed remains quite rare, and good-quality nurseries are even less common. Therefore, if there is a desire to acquire a good (in all respects) puppy, you should make an effort to find a decent kennel. The criteria in this direction are well known:
- adequate feedback from the breeder;
- confirmation of the status and reputation of the cattery (documents, reviews, etc.);
- good maintenance of animals (enclosures, feeding, care);
- all confirmed documentation for the puppy;
- awareness of the owner of the cattery in all the intricacies of this breed;
- the content should contain a minimum number of different breeds, ideally 1 – 2.
After choosing a nursery, you will have to visit it. You can see those puppies that have already been born, or you can wait for the next litter.
But the puppy has been chosen, what we pay attention to:
- acquaintance with the parents: you should find out in detail about the diseases they suffered, about the nature of the parents, interesting information about all previous litters;
- make sure that the puppy’s parents do not have genetic diseases;
- inform the breeder about your plans (for example, if you intend to participate in exhibitions in the future) so that he can help you choose a puppy of the appropriate class, it is difficult to determine by yourself “by eye”
- take a closer look at the selected puppy, you should like him.
All puppies have different characters, but if the baby is very shy, withdrawn, silent, this may indicate problems. Choose a puppy close to you in temperament, you won’t go wrong.
Xoloitzcuintle approximate price
The price of a Xoloitzcuintle puppy fluctuates a lot. Usually in the range from 15 to 60 thousand. But representatives with an elite pedigree are more expensive – up to 150 thousand rubles.
Mexican Hairless Dog Kennels
There are not so many nurseries, but enough to get confused. Buy Xolo is offered in many cities – Moscow, St. Petersburg, etc. In order to have something to start from, we post a small list. These kennels have earned good reviews:
- Larisa Davydova’s nursery (Barnaul);
- Kennel GRIS MONTENEGRO, breeder Eremina Oksana (Moscow);
- Limanner Grand (St. Petersburg);
- Nursery of Natalia and Vladimir Kisel (Belarus);
- Nursery of Lyudmila Tkachenko (St. Petersburg);
- Kennel Xolomania, breeder Yuliana Ostryzhko (St. Petersburg);
- Kennel “Tekuani” (Voskresensk, Moscow region).
Xoloitzcuintle is an unusual dog, but loyal and strong. If you are interested in the breed, moreover, it really amazed you, if you are literally in love with these unusual companions, you should not hesitate for a long time. There is no doubt that your affection will return a hundredfold. But, as in any important enterprise, first weigh the pros and cons. It is unacceptable to have such a dog as a toy, they suffer greatly if they are mistreated. Do you think that the difficulties that await you are insignificant? Make up your mind and make yourself such a friend. Xoloitzcuintle are endowed with a real “dog” gift – they will tell you that true love is still alive in this world.
Photos of Xoloitzcuintle